Social Studies test 1
Card Set Information
Social Studies test 1
Definition of Minoans
An ancient civilization that lived on the island of Crete during 3000 to 1100 bc.
Definition of Peninsula
An area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for a little strip of land connecting it with the mainland.
Definition of Mycenaeans.
The people from an ancient civilization at Mycenae, dating from c2000 to c1100 b.c.
Definition of hoplite.
a heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece.
Definition of the dark ages.
A short period of time in ancient Greece where no trade happened and a shortage of food.
Definition of the iliad
Homer's poem set during the Trojan War. One of the oldest pieces of western literature.
Define polis/city state.
a tiny independent country
development of different kinds of jobs (pottery, shoemaker)
a group of people who leave their native country to form in a newland a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation.
a native or naturalized member of a state or nation
Who is Homer?
The man who told the Odyssey and the Iliad. (they say)
any system of characters or signs with which a language is written
a shortage of resources
Define Mediterranean Sea
a sea surrounded by Africa, Europe, and Asia. 2400 miles long
Who was Zeus?
a god of lighting and he had many children with many different wifes
a body of myths, as that of a particular people or that relating to a particular person
a member of a people who entered Greece about the 12th century b.c., conquered the Peloponnesus, and destroyed the Mycenaean culture
Define epic poem.
Who was Poseidon?
was the god of the sea
Define the olympics.
a competition of like racing and whoever won got kinda worshipped
What was the Odyssey?
Homer's epic poem that tells of Odysseus' 10 year journey home (after the Trojan War)
high city, fortified on top of hills for defence, gathering place or religious center
central meeting place in Greek city-state (gathering to debate issues, market place)
belief in many gods
Coins helped end the dark ages
belief in one god
4 requirements to be a Greek citizenship.
1. Story tellers gave them commonalities
-increased trade and learning
(adoption of alphabet)
3. use of coins