Social Studies test 1

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Author:
Olivia.Woodruff
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307652
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Social Studies test 1
Updated:
2015-09-10 22:43:29
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Social Studies
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  1. Definition of Minoans
    An ancient civilization that lived on the island of Crete during 3000 to 1100 bc.
  2. Definition of Peninsula
    An area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for a little strip of land connecting it with the mainland.
  3. Definition of Mycenaeans.
    The people from an ancient civilization at Mycenae, dating from c2000 to c1100 b.c.
  4. Definition of hoplite.
    a heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece.
  5. Definition of the dark ages.
    A short period of time in ancient Greece where no trade happened and a shortage of food.
  6. Definition of the iliad
    Homer's poem set during the Trojan War. One of the oldest pieces of western literature.
  7. Define polis/city state.
    a tiny independent country
  8. Define specialization.
    development of different kinds of jobs (pottery, shoemaker)
  9. Define colonies.
    a group of people who leave their native country to form in a newland a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation.
  10. Define citizen.
    a native or naturalized member of a state or nation
  11. Who is Homer?
    The man who told the Odyssey and the Iliad. (they say)
  12. Define alphabet.
    any system of characters or signs with which a language is written
  13. Define scarcity.
    a shortage of resources
  14. Define Mediterranean Sea
    a sea surrounded by Africa, Europe, and Asia. 2400 miles long
  15. Who was Zeus?
    a god of lighting and he had many children with many different wifes
  16. Define mythology.
    a body of myths, as that of a particular people or that relating to a particular person
  17. Define Dorians
    a member of a people who entered Greece about the 12th century b.c., conquered the Peloponnesus, and destroyed the Mycenaean culture
  18. Define epic poem.
    --------
  19. Who was Poseidon?
    was the god of the sea
  20. Define the olympics.
    a competition of like racing and whoever won got kinda worshipped
  21. What was the Odyssey?
    Homer's epic poem that tells of Odysseus' 10 year journey home (after the Trojan War)
  22. Define acropolis.
    high city, fortified on top of hills for defence, gathering place or religious center
  23. Define agora.
    central meeting place in Greek city-state (gathering to debate issues, market place)
  24. Define polytheistic.
    belief in many gods
  25. Define coins.
    Coins helped end the dark ages
  26. Define monotheistic.
    belief in one god
  27. 4 requirements to be a Greek citizenship.
    • 1. Story tellers gave them commonalities
    • 2. colonies
    •   -increased trade and learning
    •   (adoption of alphabet)
    • 3. use of coins

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