Equine- Field Neonatal Care

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  1. What are the 3 most common diseases affecting equine neonates?
    septicemia, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, prematurity/dysmaturity
  2. What age is an equine neonate?
    30 days or less
  3. What is "red bag"? What are its implications?
    premature placental separation (see cervical star); EMERGENCY- you or client must immediately break bag and pull the foal out
  4. When foals are hypovolemic, they tend to __________.
    brady down
  5. __________ correlates best with septicemia; _________ usually means septic.
    Temperature of extremities; cold legs
  6. Patent ductus arteriosus (murmur) is normal within the ________; after that,...
    first 7 days of life; refer to specialist for echo
  7. What is the top differential for overt lameness in foals?
    septic joints; may have septic joints without lameness, esp is multiple limbs affected
  8. Entropian often accompanies _________.; it may lead to _________.
    dehydration; corneal ulceration
  9. What is borborygmi?
    gut sounds
  10. What is the most common cause of colic in neonates?
    meconium retention
  11. What is a common cause of abdominal distention in neonates?
    bladder rupture
  12. What bloodwork should be done in neonates?
    CBC, check IgG level (FTPI), fibrinogen
  13. What is the most common part of the placenta to be retained?
    tip of non-gravid horn
  14. The placenta should be ______ of foal's birth weight.
  15. What is the purpose of the foal sepsis scoring chart?
    culture takes at least 48hr--> foals can die from sepsis w/i two days--> DO NOT withhold treatment while waiting for culture results
  16. _________ is usually very rewarding in foals.
  17. Be careful when administering ________ to a foal; _____mL/kg bolus--> max of ______ boluses.
    sodium (LRS); 20; 3
  18. If you give a foal too much blood during a transfusion, you can cause __(2)__.
    pulmonary edema or tachypnea
  19. __________ is essential prior to and during rewarming hypothermic foals.
    Volume replacement
  20. You can tube a foal with a ________ if...
    stallian urinary catheter; you refrigerate it so it becomes rigid (easy to pass)
Card Set:
Equine- Field Neonatal Care
2015-09-11 02:16:28
vetmed equine neonates

vetmed equine neonatal care
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