Medical Terminology Chapter 3
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Medical Terminology Chapter 3
ivy tech medical terminology
ivy tech medical terminology chapter 3
crooked, bent, stiff
to bind, tie together
curve, swayback, bent
loosening of setting free
spinal cord, bone marrow
oss/e, oss/i, ost/o, oste/o
vertebrae, vertebral column, backbone
synovial membrane, synovial fluid
singular noun ending
The large circular cavity in each side of the pelvis that articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint; commonly known as the hip socket.
Originating within another
A form of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae.
The surgical fusion of two bones to stiffen a join, such as an ankle, elbow, or shoulder.
The surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint.
The visual examination of the internal structure of a joint.
Originating within the individual
A slow-growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells.
The abnormal softening of the cartilage.
A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed.
Occurs when the bone is pressed together on itself.
An inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum.
A malformation of the skull due to the premature closure of the cranial sutures.
The crackling sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together.
dual x-ray absorptiometry
A low-exposure radiographic measurement of the spine and hips that measures bone density.
A bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous (scarlike) tissue.
An abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe; also known as a bunion.
Blood within a joint
Pertaining to the formation of blood cells
A fracture treatment in which pins or a plate is placed directly into the bone to hold the broken pieces in place.
juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
An autoimmune disorder that affects children of 16 years of age or younger with symptoms that include stiffness, pain, joint swelling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth, and fatigue.
An abnormal increase in the outward curvature from the thoracic spine as viewed from the side; also known as humpback or dowager's hump.
The surgical removal of a lamina from a vertebra.
An abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine; also known as swayback
Pain in the lumbar region of the spine; also known as low back pain.
The rounded bony protuberance on the tibia and fibula on the sides of each ankle joint.
The bony structure that forms the upper portion of the sternum.
The five bones that form the palms of the hand.
The bones that form the part of the foot to which the toes are attached.
A type of cancer that occurs in blood-making cells found in the red bone marrow.
A break in which the bone is broken and there is an open wound in the skin; also known as a compound fracture.
A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles; also known as an orthopedist.
A mechanical appliance such as a leg brace or splint that is specially designed to control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function.
Inflammation of bone; also spelled "ostitis."
The type of arthritis characterized by the wearing away of the articular cartilage within the joints and most commonly associated with aging; also known as wear-and-tear arthritis.
A benign bony projection covered with cartilage.
The surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity.
Abnormal softening of bones in adults.
Inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone.
The death of bone tissue resulting from insufficient blood supply to an area of bone.
Thinner-than-average bone density.
A marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity frequently associated with aging.
osteoporotic hip fracture
A broken bone usually caused by weakening of the bones due to osteoporosis and can occur either spontaneously or as the result of a fall.
Surgical suturing or wiring together of the bones
A disease of unknown origin that is characterized by extensive breakdown of bone tissue followed by abnormal bone formation.
When a bone breaks under normal strain because the bone has been weakened by osteoporosis or by a disease process such as cancer.
A minimally invasive procedure performed to treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures of the spine.
An inflammation of the periosteum
A specialist in diagnosing and treating disorders of the foot.
A substitute for a diseased or missing body part, such as a leg that has been amputated.
A chronic autoimmune disorder in which the joints and some organs of other body systems are attacked.
A deficiency disease occurring in children characterized by defective bone growth and caused by a lack of vitamin D.
An abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.
A congenital defect that occurs during early pregnancy in which the spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord to protect it.
A fracture in which the bone has been twisted apart.
The slipping forward of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum below it.
A degenerative disorder that can cause the loss of normal spinal structure and function; also known as spinal osteoarthritis.
The partial displacement of a bone from its joint.
The surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint.
The bony structural units of the spinal column.