Physical Exam aspects
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Why do we perform a PE?
To figure out the animal before we work on them
What do we look for with our visual senses during a PE?
- Facial expression
- Body position
What do we look for with light palpations?
- Fingers: texture and tenderness
- Palm: vibrations heat
What do we look for with deep palpations?
- underlying structures: Organs
Describe a Doughy palpation?
Describe a Firm palpation?
normal texture of organs
Describe a Hard palpation?
Describe a fluctuant palpation?
soft, elastic, undulant, movable abscess
Describe a emphysematous palpations?
air or gas filled
what do we call an air or gas file palpation
what do we look for with our hearing senses?
breathing and cardiovascular system
When using a stethoscope how do do a percussion? What is it used for?
flicking animal body cavities looking for any abnormal sounds
What is auscultation? what are the three main sections?
- listening to the inner sounds of the body
- Heart, Lungs, and Digestive system
When using a stethoscope what are you looking for when listening for a timpani sound?
- this sound is used for the detection of abnormalities in cattle (you don't want to hear that sound)
- A flicked at the 4th Lumbar
Body conditioning: 4 parts
- Hair & Coat
When an animal responds to verbal stimuli
When an animal only responds to painful stimuli
when and animal is unresponsive to stimuli
- (not always a bad thing: surgeries)
How to disinfect a thermometer
- 1st wipe clean off
- 2nd wipe to discenfect
What do you call irregular heart beating?
What do you an abnormally slow heart beat?
what do you call an abnormally fast heart beat?
what do you call whooshing or swishing sounds in a heart beat?
What is the Lub of a heart beat?
mirta and tricuspid valves closing
What is the Dub of a heart beat?
aortic and pulmanic valves closing
What are the three abnormal respiration sounds you are looking for?
- Moist, gunky lung sounds
- Dry coarse lung sounds
- Dyspnea or labored/difficult breathing
What is Cyanosis?
bluish tint to skin resulting from oxygen deficiency
When do you call loud harsh breathing?
What is perfusion? how do we check for it?
- The process of delivering blood throughout the body
- Checking the mucus membrane for capillary refill time
What are the three scores go the pain scale
- non interactive (can see w/o touching animal)
- interactive (can see when doing PE)
- palpations (when palpating animal signals distress)
What are you looking for when filling in the general appearance?
- State of nutrition
- Posture and Gait
What are vesicular sounds?
- sound of air moving through the lungs (small bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli)
- Beast heard during inspiration!
What are Bronchial Sounds?
- air movement through the trachea and large Bronchi
- Best heard when expiration
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