Chapter 2

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brendaky33
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307858
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Chapter 2
Updated:
2015-09-15 00:28:21
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Anatomy & Terminology
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  1. -type
    picture, classification
  2. -somes
    bodies
  3. -plasm
    formation
  4. -ose
    pertaining to, full of
  5. -ism
    process, condition
  6. -ior
    pertaining to
  7. -iac
    pertaining to
  8. -eal
    pertaining to
  9. meta-
    change
  10. inter-
    between
  11. hypo-
    below
  12. epi-
    above
  13. cata-
    down, breakdown
  14. ana-
    up, build up
  15. viscer/o
    internal organs
  16. vertebr/o
    vertebra(e), backbone(s)
  17. ventr/o
    belly side of the body
  18. umbilic/o
    umbilicus, naval
  19. trache/o
    trachea, windpipe
  20. thorac/o
    chest
  21. thel/o, theli/o
    nipple
  22. spin/o
    spine, backbone
  23. sarc/o
    flesh
  24. sacr/o
    sacrum
  25. proxim/o
    near
  26. poster/o
    back, behind
  27. pelv/i
    pelvis, hip region
  28. nucle/o
    nucleus
  29. medi/o
    middle
  30. lumb/o
    lower back (side and back between the ribs and pelvis
  31. later/o
    side
  32. kary/o
    nucleus
  33. inguin/o
    groin
  34. ili/o
    ilium (part of pelvic bone)
  35. hist/o
    tissue
  36. dors/o
    back portion of the body
  37. dist/o
    far, distant
  38. cyt/o
    cell
  39. crani/o
    skull
  40. coccyg/o
    coccyx, tailbone
  41. chrom/o
    color
  42. chondr/o
    cartilage
  43. cervic/o
    neck
  44. bol/o
    to cast, throw
  45. anter/o
    front
  46. abdomin/o
    abdomen, belly
  47. adip/o
    fat
  48. transverse plane
    divides body into upper and lower portions
  49. supine
    laying on back
  50. superior (cephalic)
    above another structure
  51. superficial
    on the surface
  52. sagital plane
    divides the body into left and right sides
  53. proximal
    near to the point of attachment
  54. prone
    laying on belly
  55. posterior (dorsal)
    back surface of the body
  56. medial
    pertaining to middle
  57. lateral
    pertaining to the side
  58. inferior
    below of another surface
  59. frontal plane
    vertical line seperating body into anterior and posterior portions
  60. distal
    far from point of attachment
  61. deep
    away from the surface
  62. anterior (ventral)
    front side of the body
  63. coccygeal 
    Division of Back
    region of the coccyx, tailbone
  64. Sacral
    Division of Back
    region of sacrum S1 - S5
  65. Lumbar
    Division of Back
    loin (waist) region L1 -L5
  66. Thoracic
    Division of Back
    chest region T1 - T12
  67. Cervical 
    Division of Back
    Neck region C1 - C7
  68. hypogastric region
    middle lower region, below umbilical region
  69. inguinal region
    right and left regions near groin

    Also called iliac region
  70. umbilical region
    central region near naval
  71. Lumbar region
    right and left middle regions near waist
  72. epigastric region
    middle regions above the stomach
  73. hypochondriac region
    right and left upper regions beneath the ribs
  74. LLQ
    • left lower quadrant
    • contains: parts of small and large intestines
    •                 left ovary
    •                 left fallopian tubes
    •                 left ureter
  75. RLQ
    • right lower quadrant
    • contains: 
    • parts of small and large intestines
    • right fallopian tubes 
    • appendix
    • right ureter
  76. LUQ
    • left upper quadrant
    • contains:
    • liver (left lobe) 
    • spleen
    • part of pancreas
    • parts of small and large intestines
  77. RUQ
    • right upper quadrant
    • contains:
    • liver (right lobe)
    • gallbladder
    • part of pancreas
    • parts of small and large intestines
  78. ventral (anterior)
    pertaining to front
  79. Thoracic Cavity
    space in the chest

    • contains:
    • heart
    • lungs
    • bronchial tubes
    • trachea
    • esophagus
    • ect.
  80. Spinal Cavity
    space within spinal column (backbones) containing the spinal cord

    also called spinal canal
  81. Pleural Cavity
    space between the pleural layers
  82. peritoneum
    double folded membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity
  83. Pelvic Cavity
    space below the abdomen 

    • contains:
    • portions of intestines
    • rectum
    • urinary bladder
    • reproductive organs
  84. mediastinum
    centrally located space outside of and between lungs
  85. dorsal (posterior)
    pertaining to the back
  86. diaphragm
    muscle seperating the abdomenthe abdomen and thoracic cavity 

    it moves up and down and aids in breathing
  87. Cranial Cavity
    space in the head containing the brain and surrounded by the skull 

    cranial means pertaining to the skull
  88. Abdominal Cavity
    space below the chest

    • contains: 
    • liver
    • stomach
    • gallbladder
    • intestines

    also called abdomen
  89. viscera
    internal organs
  90. uterus
    the womb
  91. urethra
    tube that goes from bladder to the outside of the body
  92. ureter
    tube that goes from the kidney and bladder
  93. trachea
    windpipe
  94. thyroid gland
    endocrine gland that surrounds trachea in the neck
  95. pituitary gland
    endocrine gland at the base of the brain
  96. pharynx
    throat
  97. larynx
    voice box
  98. histologist
    specialist in the study of tissue
  99. epithelial cells
    skin cells that cover the outside of the body and line the internal surfaces of organs
  100. cartilagef
    flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joint
  101. adipose tissue
    collection of fat cells
  102. nucleus
    control center of the cell, controls chromosomes

    the brain
  103. mitochondria
    structures in the cytoplasm that provide principle source of energy for the cell 

    catabolism happens here
  104. metabolism
    total of the chemical process in a cell

    it includes catabolism and anabolism
  105. karyotype
    picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell
  106. endoplasmic reticulum
    network of canals with in the cytoplasm of the cell large proteins are made from small protein pieces
  107. DNA
    chemical found within each chromosomes
  108. cytoplasm
    all the material that is the nucleus and yet contained within the cell membrane
  109. chromosomes
    rod shaped structures in the nucleus that contain regions of DNA called genes
  110. cell membrane
    structure surrounding and protecting the cell 

    determines what enters and leaves the cell
  111. anabolism
    process of building up large proteins from small protein pieces called amino acids
  112. genes
    regions of DNA within each chromosomes

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