Unit 5

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Unit 5
2015-09-28 10:10:05
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  1. Learning that has persisted over time, information that has been stored and can be retrieved
  2. the processing of information into the memory system
  3. the retention of encoded information over time
  4. the process of getting information out of memory
  5. the immediate,very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system
    sensory memory
  6. activated memory that holds a few items briefly
    short-term memory
  7. the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system
  8. the brain encodes sensory information into a ______ language.
  9. model of memory that views memories as emerging from interconnected neural networks
  10. they proposed the three stages of memory
    Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin
  11. what are the three stages in which we form memory
    • sensory¬†
    • short-term
    • long-term
  12. another name for short-term memory
    working memory
  13. a new understanding of short-term memory that focuses on conscious, active processing of income auditory and visual-spatial information, and of information retrieved from long-term memory
    working memory
  14. the processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously; the brains natural mode of information processing for many functions
    parallel processing
  15. unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space, time, and frequency, and well-learned information, such as word meanings
    automatic processing
  16. encoding that requires attention and conscious effort
    effortful processing
  17. the conscious repetition of information, either maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage
  18. doing many things at one
    parallel processing
  19. four things you automatically process
    space, time, frequency, and well-learned information
  20. often produces durable and accessible memories
    effortful processing
  21. conscious repetition
  22. the tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention that is achieved through massed study or practice
    spacing effect
  23. our tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list
    serial position effect
  24. the encoding of picture images
    visual encoding
  25. the encoding of sound,  especially the sound of words
    acoustic encoding
  26. the encoding of meaning, including the meaning of words
    semantic encoding
  27. the phenomenon of learning better when our rehearsal is distributed over time
    spacing effect
  28. another word for cramming
    massed practice
  29. ____ study and self-____ beats cramming (massed practice)
    • spaced
    • assessment
  30. Our ____ memories interact with our ____ memories.
    • working
    • long term
  31. Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think
    linguistic determinism
  32. the tendency to recall experiences that are consistent to one's current good or bad mood
    mood-congruent memory
  33. occurs when something you learned earlier disrupts your recall of something you experience later
    proactive interference
  34. occurs when new information makes it harder to recall something you learned earlier
    retroactive interference
  35. the disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of the new information
    proactive interference
  36. the disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information
    retroactive interfernce
  37. another name for source amnesia
    source misattribution
  38. when we retain the memory of the event, but not the context in which we acquired it
    source amnesia or source misattribution