Weather Patterns vocabulary

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  1. Air Mass
    A huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, and air pressure at any given height.
  2. Tropical Air Mass
    A warm air mass that forms in the tropics and has low air pressure.
  3. Polar Air Mass
    A cold air mass that forms north of 50° north latitude or south of 50° south latitude and has high air pressure.
  4. Maritime Air Mass
    A humid air mass that forms over oceans.
  5. Continental Air Mass
    A dry air mass that forms over land.
  6. Front
    The boundary where unlike air masses meet but do not mix.
  7. Occluded Front
    Cut off, as in a front where a warm air mass is caught between two cooler air masses.
  8. Cyclone
    A swirling center of low air pressure.
  9. Anticyclone
    A high-pressure center of dry air.
  10. Storm
    A violent disturbance in the atmosphere.
  11. Thunderstorm
    A small storm often accompanied by heavy precipitation and frequent thunder and lightning.
  12. Lightning
    A sudden spark, or energy discharge, caused when electrical charges jump between parts of a cloud, between nearby clouds, or between a cloud and the ground.
  13. Tornado
    A rapidly whirling, funnel-shaped cloud that reaches down to touch Earth’s surface.
  14. Hurricane
    A tropical storm that has winds of about 119 kilometers per hour or higher.
  15. Storm Surge
    A “dome” of water that sweeps across the coast where a hurricane lands.
  16. Meteorologist
    Scientists who study the causes of weather and try to predict it.
  17. Isobar
    A line on a weather map that joins places that have the same air pressure.
  18. Isotherm
    A line on a weather map that joins places that have the same temperature.
Card Set:
Weather Patterns vocabulary
2015-09-15 18:35:11
rochambeau mierzejewski weather

Weather patterns vocabulary
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