Disease Control

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Author:
cwehde
ID:
307878
Filename:
Disease Control
Updated:
2015-09-23 17:08:50
Tags:
ndsu vet tech vettech
Folders:
CT&I 2015
Description:
what am I killing, cleaning agents and usage
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  1. Name four common bacterias we fight against.
    • E. coli
    • Staph
    • salmonella
    • pasteurella
  2. Name two fungi we fight against.
    • Ringworm
    • clostridium
  3. name two viruses we fight against.
    • Parvo
    • FeLV
  4. name three spore forming bacteria we fight against.
    • Anthrax
    • Yeast
    • Tetnas
  5. What cleans inanimate objects?
    A disinfectant
  6. What cleans living tissue?
    antiseptic
  7. What is sterilization?
    the distraction of all microorganisms
  8. what is sanitation?
    a safe level of organisms
  9. What is the longer name for Chlorides?
    Antimicrobial chlorine componds
  10. what are chlorides effective against?
    broad range of bacteria and viruses.
  11. What surface do you use Chlorides on?
    cages, tables, end of the day cleaning
  12. What is an advantage to chloride?
    It works quickly
  13. What is a disadvantage to chlorides?
    • Dilution only last 24 hours
    • Doesn't work in the presence of Organinc matter
  14. what is a typical chloride dilution?
    30mL chloride to 1gl of water
  15. What are two other names we went over for Iodine?
    • providine-iodine 
    • betadine
  16. Describe an aqueous iodine solution?
    • A water mixture
    • works on bacteria
    • thinner
    • stains body
    • a surgical prep
  17. What is a Tinture? Where do we use it?
    • a betadine+alcohol solution
    • bateria on intact skin
  18. what is an Idophor?
    • Iodine+polymer
    • 4x the reaction rate
  19. What is Iodine good against?
    bacteria
  20. What is a disadvantage to Iodine?
    • Organic matter decreases effect
    • skin irritation
  21. What is an advantage to Iodine?
    • quick onset
    • 5 minutes of contact can last 4-6 hours (good for long procedures)
  22. What are two other names for Accel?
    • Biguanides 
    • Chlorohexidines
  23. What do you use Biguanides against?
    • patient prep
    • bacteria
    • viruses
    • fingi
    • yeast
  24. What are two other names for Alcohol?
    • Isopropyl 
    • Antiseptic Ethyl
  25. What is alcohol good against?
    • bacteria
    • reduces other microorganisms (must dry!)
  26. Disadvantages for alcohol?
    • Stings, cytotoxic
    • hardens plastic
    • no residual effects
    • softens adhesives
  27. What do you call an alcohol 70% with dilution?
    Isopropyl
  28. What do you call an alcohol with 65% dilution?
    Ethyl
  29. What cleaner is a cationic detergent?
    Quaternary ammonium
  30. How does a Quaternary ammonium kill?
    by attacking the membrane of the organism
  31. What is Quaternary ammonium effective against? not?
    • good against bacteria
    • not against spores or viruses
  32. What do we use Quaternary ammonium in?
    • cold sterilization trays
    • (let sit inside for 30 minutes)
  33. What should you always do when diluting benzalkonium chloride?
    read the directions!
  34. what cleaner stops all life?
    Aldehydes
  35. what are two common aldehydes we use in practices?
    • Formaldehyde: fixes all organic material
    • Gluteralhyde: cold sterilization
  36. What is an advantage to aldehydes?
    allows equipment to be used multiple times a day.
  37. What are four control measures to fight against disease spread and misuse of chemicals?
    • 1) proper ventilation
    • 2) proper attire 
    • 3) protocol
    • 4) thorough washing
  38. what is a broad bacterial killer and virus killer?
    Chlorides
  39. What cleaner has three formulations and is good against bacteria?
    Iodine
  40. What cleaner is good against bacteria, viruses, fungi and yeast?
    biguanides

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