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Name four common bacterias we fight against.
- E. coli
Name two fungi we fight against.
name two viruses we fight against.
name three spore forming bacteria we fight against.
What cleans inanimate objects?
What cleans living tissue?
What is sterilization?
the distraction of all microorganisms
what is sanitation?
a safe level of organisms
What is the longer name for Chlorides?
Antimicrobial chlorine componds
what are chlorides effective against?
broad range of bacteria and viruses.
What surface do you use Chlorides on?
cages, tables, end of the day cleaning
What is an advantage to chloride?
It works quickly
What is a disadvantage to chlorides?
- Dilution only last 24 hours
- Doesn't work in the presence of Organinc matter
what is a typical chloride dilution?
30mL chloride to 1gl of water
What are two other names we went over for Iodine?
Describe an aqueous iodine solution?
- A water mixture
- works on bacteria
- stains body
- a surgical prep
What is a Tinture? Where do we use it?
- a betadine+alcohol solution
- bateria on intact skin
what is an Idophor?
- 4x the reaction rate
What is Iodine good against?
What is a disadvantage to Iodine?
- Organic matter decreases effect
- skin irritation
What is an advantage to Iodine?
- quick onset
- 5 minutes of contact can last 4-6 hours (good for long procedures)
What are two other names for Accel?
What do you use Biguanides against?
- patient prep
What are two other names for Alcohol?
- Antiseptic Ethyl
What is alcohol good against?
- reduces other microorganisms (must dry!)
Disadvantages for alcohol?
- Stings, cytotoxic
- hardens plastic
- no residual effects
- softens adhesives
What do you call an alcohol 70% with dilution?
What do you call an alcohol with 65% dilution?
What cleaner is a cationic detergent?
How does a Quaternary ammonium kill?
by attacking the membrane of the organism
What is Quaternary ammonium effective against? not?
- good against bacteria
- not against spores or viruses
What do we use Quaternary ammonium in?
- cold sterilization trays
- (let sit inside for 30 minutes)
What should you always do when diluting benzalkonium chloride?
read the directions!
what cleaner stops all life?
what are two common aldehydes we use in practices?
- Formaldehyde: fixes all organic material
- Gluteralhyde: cold sterilization
What is an advantage to aldehydes?
allows equipment to be used multiple times a day.
What are four control measures to fight against disease spread and misuse of chemicals?
- 1) proper ventilation
- 2) proper attire
- 3) protocol
- 4) thorough washing
what is a broad bacterial killer and virus killer?
What cleaner has three formulations and is good against bacteria?
What cleaner is good against bacteria, viruses, fungi and yeast?