480 Lecture 2

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  1. Archbishop Ussher
    stated that the creation of the world was on October 23 4004 BC
  2. Enlightenment Period
    • known as the age of rationality
    • AD 1650 - 1800
    • Done by Rich Aristocrats
    • Up until this point all explanations revolved around christianity
    • people began to question biblical interpretations
    • notions that humans could be studied scientifically and are progressive
  3. 19th Century
    • colonial period
    • Europeans began colonizing diff. parts of the world
    • they questioned and wondered about cultural diversity and antiquity of humans and animals
  4. Charles Lyell
    • Geologist¬†
    • Published, Principles of Geology (1833)
    • His work influenced Darwin who had a copy of Lyell's book before he left on the Beagle
    • came up with concept of Uniformitarianism
    • 1. change is gradual
    • 2. present is the key to the past
    • 3. Earth was really old
  5. Uniformitarianism
    • concept that the formation of the earth took place through countless small changes occurring over vast periods of time
    • Grand Canyon is an example of the earth's natural laws at work over time.
  6. Thomas Robert Malthus
    • published, An Essay of the principles of population (1798)
    • influential to Darwin who read his work in 1838
    • 1. reproductive potential of animals and plants is unlimited, which means that not everyone is going to survive
    • 2. population size is kept stable
    • 3. Constant competition
    • carrying capacity affects the population size depending on the sustainability of the environment, but with human advancement and technology we can always manipulate the carrying capacity
  7. Charles Darwin & Alfred Russel Wallace
    • Both given credit for the theory of natural selection
    • 1856 Darwin heard from Wallace and how his theory was similar and so both their work was read at the same time
    • Darwin published origin of species (1859)
    • important concepts:
    • 1. Species were actually linked evolutionary
    • 2. reproductive potential is unlimited
    • 3. Constant competition
    • 4. Populations vary
    • 5. Some individuals in population are more adapted
    • 6. the ones that are best adapted will pass on their genes, therefore the popultion will change overtime because of those species whos offspring that were better adapted
    • species change were gradual
    • this challenged the idea of "godliness of man" and that human morality is a product of bioevolution
  8. Thomas Huxley
    • called Darwin's bulldog
    • he was an anti-christian
    • publicly defended Darwin, but did not always agree with him
    • believed that evolution proceeded in small leaps or punctuated equilibrium
    • Huxley and Darwin advocated that evolution was random and NOT progressive
  9. Why was darwin given the most credit than wallace?
    darwin had the most empirical data
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480 Lecture 2
2015-09-16 21:49:38

lecture 2
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