Repro- Postpartum Disorders
Card Set Information
Repro- Postpartum Disorders
RFM are common after... (4)
abnormal delivery, infectious disease, twins, induced parturition
In a cow, the placenta is considered retained after _________.
RFM are sequelae to delayed ___________--> prolonged ________--> decreased _________.
uterine involution; time to first service; preg rates
During parturition, relaxin release leads to increased __________ activity, which leads to...
collagenase; breakdown of fetal cotyledon-caruncle interface (helps with detachment of placenta)
What are the 2 types of bovine RFM?
toxic syndrome, non-toxic syndrome
Toxic RFM in a cow clinical signs: (8)
fever, anorexia, depression, ketosis, big uterus, fetid odor, placenta visible, +/- DA
How do you treat toxic RFM in cows? (3)
systemic antibiotics, banamine, monitor
What are clinical signs of non-toxic RFM in cows? (3)
slight depression, fetid odor, placenta may or may not be visible
How do you treat non-toxic RFM in a cow? (4)
leave placenta alone, prostaglandin (lut), oxytocin, re-examine
A placenta is considered retained in a mare after _______.
Why is a RFM an emergency in mares?
quickly become toxemic and laminitic
Why can you only give a small dose of oxytocin to a horse with RFM?
What are clinical signs of RFM in a mare? (6)
fever, depression, anorexia, colic, increased digital pulses, big uterus
How do you treat RFM in a mare? (5)
IV oxytocin slowly (either drip or serial boluses), uterine lavage, systemic antibiotics (Pen-G, SMZ), NSAIDs, ice the distal limbs
Why is pentoxyfylline sometimes given to treat a mare with RFM?
it makes RBCs more flexible, increasing peripheral circulation, prevent laminitis
Canine RFM occurs mostly in _________, and is evidenced by __________.
toy breeds; dark green vulvular d/c
What is the potential danger associated with giving a bitch oxytocin to prevent RFM?
can rupture the uterus if you give oxytocin when there is a dead pup still inside
How do you treat RFM in a canine?
systemic antibiotics, fluids
Often, RFM in healthy dogs does not lead to ________.
Ovine/caprine RFM is uncommon except in ________.
What are predisposing factors for uterine prolapse? (5)
long mesometrial attachments, strong tenesmus, atonic uterus, RFM, excessive oxytocin
How do you treat equine uterine prolapse? (5)
general anesthesia, lift hindquarters (same for controlled vaginal delivery), antibiotics, NSAIDs, low dose oxytocin
When replacing a uterine prolapse in a mare, avoid...
leaving the tip of the uterine horn intussuscepted
What is the usual outcome of canine and feline uterine prolapse?
Subinvolution of the placental sites (SIPS) occurs in ________; clinical signs include... (3)
dogs; serosanguinous vulvular d/c for as long as 12-16 wks, spheroid enlargements on abdominal palpation, trophoblastic cells on vaginal smear
How do you treat SIPS in dogs?
benign neglect- ie. do nothing