Repro- Postpartum Disorders

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Author:
Mawad
ID:
307945
Filename:
Repro- Postpartum Disorders
Updated:
2015-09-18 19:02:42
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vetmed repro
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vetmed repro
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  1. RFM are common after... (4)
    abnormal delivery, infectious disease, twins, induced parturition
  2. In a cow, the placenta is considered retained after _________.
    8hrs
  3. RFM are sequelae to delayed ___________--> prolonged ________--> decreased _________.
    uterine involution; time to first service; preg rates
  4. During parturition, relaxin release leads to increased __________ activity, which leads to...
    collagenase; breakdown of fetal cotyledon-caruncle interface (helps with detachment of placenta)
  5. What are the 2 types of bovine RFM?
    toxic syndrome, non-toxic syndrome
  6. Toxic RFM in a cow clinical signs: (8)
    fever, anorexia, depression, ketosis, big uterus, fetid odor, placenta visible, +/- DA
  7. How do you treat toxic RFM in cows? (3)
    systemic antibiotics, banamine, monitor
  8. What are clinical signs of non-toxic RFM in cows? (3)
    slight depression, fetid odor, placenta may or may not be visible
  9. How do you treat non-toxic RFM in a cow? (4)
    leave placenta alone, prostaglandin (lut), oxytocin, re-examine
  10. A placenta is considered retained in a mare after _______.
    3 hrs
  11. Why is a RFM an emergency in mares?
    quickly become toxemic and laminitic
  12. Why can you only give a small dose of oxytocin to a horse with RFM?
    colic
  13. What are clinical signs of RFM in a mare? (6)
    fever, depression, anorexia, colic, increased digital pulses, big uterus
  14. How do you treat RFM in a mare? (5)
    IV oxytocin slowly (either drip or serial boluses), uterine lavage, systemic antibiotics (Pen-G, SMZ), NSAIDs, ice the distal limbs
  15. Why is pentoxyfylline sometimes given to treat a mare with RFM?
    it makes RBCs more flexible, increasing peripheral circulation, prevent laminitis
  16. Canine RFM occurs mostly in _________, and is evidenced by __________.
    toy breeds; dark green vulvular d/c
  17. What is the potential danger associated with giving a bitch oxytocin to prevent RFM?
    can rupture the uterus if you give oxytocin when there is a dead pup still inside
  18. How do you treat RFM in a canine?
    systemic antibiotics, fluids
  19. Often, RFM in healthy dogs does not lead to ________.
    toxic metritis
  20. Ovine/caprine RFM is uncommon except in ________.
    Brucella infections
  21. What are predisposing factors for uterine prolapse? (5)
    long mesometrial attachments, strong tenesmus, atonic uterus, RFM, excessive oxytocin
  22. How do you treat equine uterine prolapse? (5)
    general anesthesia, lift hindquarters (same for controlled vaginal delivery), antibiotics, NSAIDs, low dose oxytocin
  23. When replacing a uterine prolapse in a mare, avoid...
    leaving the tip of the uterine horn intussuscepted
  24. What is the usual outcome of canine and feline uterine prolapse?
    OHE
  25. Subinvolution of the placental sites (SIPS) occurs in ________; clinical signs include... (3)
    dogs; serosanguinous vulvular d/c for as long as 12-16 wks, spheroid enlargements on abdominal palpation, trophoblastic cells on vaginal smear
  26. How do you treat SIPS in dogs?
    benign neglect- ie. do nothing

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