A&P CH1-1.6

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studysuccess
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308046
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A&P CH1-1.6
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2015-09-26 18:17:10
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CH1
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A&P CH1-1.6
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A&P CH1-1.6
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  1. anatomy & physiology defined
    • Anatomy: study of structure
    • Psychology: study of function
  2. Auscultation def:
    listening to the sounds (Aws-cul-tay-shun)
  3. Purcussion def:
    Taps on body, feels for abnormal resistance/listens to emitted sounds or signs of abnormality.
  4. exploratory surgery def:
    cutting open the body to see what's wrong and what could be done about it.
  5. Radiology def:
    branch of medicine concerned with imaging.
  6. Gross anatomy def:
    structures that can be seen with the naked eye, including dissection/imaging/observation.
  7. Histology def:
    stained cells from tissue samples observed under a microscope.
  8. Histopathology def
    microscopic examination of tissue for signs of disease.
  9. Cytology def:
    study of structures and functions of individual cells.
  10. Ultrastructure def:
    electron microscope is used to observe fine microscopic details.
  11. endocrinology def:
    study of hormones
  12. Pathophysiology def:
    study of disease, duh.
  13. Inductive method def
    process of making numerous observations to draw generalizations and predictions from them.
  14. 2 components of a good hypothesis:
    • 1) consistent w/what we already know.
    • 2) capable of being tested/falsified by evidence.
  15. Hypothetico-deductive method def
    consists of a falsifiable hypothesis, usually consisting of "if-then" statements.
  16. Peer Review def
    allowing other experts to review and retest findings to insure honesty, objectivity and quality in science.
  17. Scientific fact def
    information that's independently verified.
  18. Law of nature
    generalization about the way matter and energy behave, based on inductive reasoning.
  19. Theory def
    explanatory statement or set of statements derived from facts, laws, and confirmed hypothesises.
  20. Evolution def
    change in genetic composition of a population of organisms.
  21. Natural selection def
    some individuals within a species have hereditary advantages over their competitors. The result being traits more common in successive generations.
  22. selection pressures def
    natural forces that promote reproductive success of some individuals over others
  23. Adaptation def
    features of anatomy, physiology, and behavior that have evolved in response to selection pressures enabling organisms to cope with environmental challenges.
  24. Model (e.g. for research experimentation of drugs):
    animal or strain selected for research on a particular problem.
  25. opposable def
    cross the palm to touch the fingertips.
  26. prehensile def
    able to grasp branches by encircling them w/thumb & fingers
  27. stereoscopic vision def
    depth perception
  28. evolutionary medicine
    analyzes how disease & dysfunctions can be traced to differences between artificial environments which we historically and currently live.
  29. organism def
    single, complete individual.
  30. organ system def
    group of organs w/unique collective functions.
  31. organ def
    structure composed of 2 or more tissue types that work together to carry out a particular function
  32. tissue def
    mass of similar cells and cell products that for discrete regions of an organ and performs a specific function.
  33. cells def
    smallest unit of an organism that carry out all the basic functions of life.
  34. Organalles def
    microscopic structures in a cell that carry out its individual functions (e.g. mitochondria).
  35. Molecules def
    • -compose organelles and other cellular components.
    • -composed of at least 2 atoms.
  36. atom def
    smallest particles with unique chemical identies
  37. Reductionism theory def
    large, complex systems can be understood by studying it's simpler components.
  38. Type of receptor located in the heart, aortic arch, and carotid sinus that triggers autonomic reflexes in response to fluctuations in blood pressure is called
    baroreceptors

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