History Exam 1
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History Exam 1
Who was the ethnic group in South India near the Indus river
What are the region of hills and upland plateaus extending from the Ganges River to the tip of he India subcontinent
What is not true about the city of Harappa?
That it has 30,000 inhabitants at height (it only had 8,000)
What is a prince, chieftain in the Aryan society of early India and was a representative of the gods
Who ruled the Mauryan empire from 324-301 BCE
Who were the third ranked class in traditional Indian society (usually with merchants)
Name 5 statements that are true about Indian farmers?
Wander life/dwell in tents
Where does the line "in the happiness of the subjects lies the happiness of the king; in their welfare his own welfare" come from
Arthasastra, a treatise on politics
Who was the origin of the Aryan parent god
What is the ultimate goal of reincarnation in Hinduism
Final destination in a union with the Great World soul, Brahman
According to Buddhism, what are pain and sorry caused by
Where did the benefits of trading goods, crops, and animals in Western Civilization originate from
What is the earliest stage of human history called?
Name a a characteristic that was not a defining element of civilization
Great and String Settlement
What was the basic lifestyle of human beings primarily during the Paleolithic Age
Hunting & gathering
Nomadic (20-30 bands)
Men hunt, woman gather
Shelter in caves or with sticks and animal hides
What was the most important development of the Neolithic Age?
Change from hunting and gathering to Systematic agriculture (farming and herding)
What is the great epic poem of ancient Sumer
Epic of Gilgamesh
What is the Egyptian word describes Egyptian concept of truth, justice, and order
What is the Sumerian system of writing called
What was an Egyptian tributary that contained people in Sub-Saharan Africa that had a large Egyptian influence and trade
Name the two major rivers of Mesopotamia
Tigris and euphrates
What famous Babylonian King was noted for his code of laws
What is the sacred writing of Egypt called
After the death of Solomon, what happened to the kingdom
It split in two: Northern (Israel) and Southern (Judah)
What metal replaced bronze in 1200 BC to be used as the basic metal for military weapons
What Mesopotamian empire was known for it's extensive use of iron weapons and it's rule by terror?
Where did the Aryans migrate from
Siberia and Central Asia (Indo-European countries)
What was the ancient political treatise on statecraft, written during the time of Chandragupta Maura?
What does Varna, the Indian word for castes mean?
What were the Indian priestly caste known as
What language were the Verdes written in
Who founded Buddhism
Who suggested that "if the government leads by virtue and governs through the rules of propriety, the people will feel shame and seek to correct their own mistakes"
What Dynasty began Chinese civilization
What was the longest reigning dynasty in Chinese History
What was the trade route that ran from central China to the Mediterannian Sea (in operation as early as the 5th century BCE)
The Silk Road
Where are Confucius sayings collected
Who in China serves as the intermediate between heaven and earth
What was viewed as a means of achieving political order and refining human character in early china
What was the most important contribution of the Phoenicians of Western Civilization
What helped the kingdom of Israel reach it's peak under the temple-building
Who was the great Persion religious prophet
What 3 things were unique during the Shang dynasty
What inventions which may have been introduced from the west, helped the Shang rise to power in China
Irrigation, spoked wheel, and chariot
According to the Rites of Zhou, how did the kings rule (two roles)
Representative of Heaven
Mandate of Heaven
Where was the earliest evidence of religious belief in ancient China found?
relics in rural tombs of Neolithic times
What was the Ancient Chinese philosophy that divides the cosmos into two opposing forces called
yin and yang
What two elements did Confucius understand about the Dao
It is the responsibility of individuals to subordinate their own interests to the broader needs of society
: sense of compassion for others (human heartedness)
What does the term T'ian
Which of the Hundred Schools of Chinese thought believed that only a strong ruler could keep order in society since man's basic nature was corrupt?
The line, "Do not do unto others what you would not wish done to yourself," comes from:
The Bible, the golden rule
Which dynasty created the first unified government in China?
All of the following were reforms in the Qin dynasty EXCEPT:
No private commerce and manufacturing
Who founded the Han dynasty?
The line, "One who knows when he can fight, and when he cannot fight, will be victorious," comes from:
Art of War by Sun Tzu
The Chinese language is made up of:
Which of the following was a technological innovation of the Paleolithic peoples?
Making of tools and fire
The earliest humanlike creatures were called
Which of the following is (are) consequences of the Neolithic revolution?
Political and social changes - nomads to settlers, men dominant; economic changes - trade and specialization of crafts; technological developments - metalworking and writing
A massive Sumerian stepped tower was called a:
Who was the leader of the Akkadians who conquered the Sumerian city-states around 2340 B.C.E.
Hammurabi is best known for:
Hammurabi's code; code of law
Which of the following protected Egypt from invading forces?
Deserts and cataracts
The pyramids were built during the
The Middle Kingdom came to an end with invasion of the:
Which Indo-European language speakers were the first to use iron?
What was the capital of the Assyrian empire.
Who united Persia into an enormous empire and ruled with great tolerance?
During the Middle Kingdom, pharaohs:
Are portrayed as the shepherd of his people who must build public works and provide for the public welfare (no longer an inaccessible god-king)