History Exam 1

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  1. Who was the ethnic group in South India near the Indus river
  2. What are the region of hills and upland plateaus extending from the Ganges River to the tip of he India subcontinent
    Deccan Plateau
  3. What is not true about the city of Harappa?
    That it has 30,000 inhabitants at height (it only had 8,000)
  4. What is a prince, chieftain in the Aryan society of early India and was a representative of the gods
  5. Who ruled the Mauryan empire from 324-301 BCE
    Chandragupta Maurya
  6. Who were the third ranked class in traditional Indian society (usually with merchants)
  7. Name 5 statements that are true about Indian farmers?
    • Vaisya Class
    • Wander life/dwell in tents
    • Commercial pursuits
    • Sharecroppers
    • High Rents
  8. Where does the line "in the happiness of the subjects lies the happiness of the king; in their welfare his own welfare" come from
    Arthasastra, a treatise on politics
  9. Who was the origin of the Aryan parent god
  10. What is the ultimate goal of reincarnation in Hinduism
    Final destination in a union with the Great World soul, Brahman
  11. According to Buddhism, what are pain and sorry caused by
  12. Where did the benefits of trading goods, crops, and animals in Western Civilization originate from
    Middle East
  13. What is the earliest stage of human history called?
    Paleolithic age
  14. Name a a characteristic that was not a defining element of civilization
    Great and String Settlement
  15. What was the basic lifestyle of human beings primarily during the Paleolithic Age
    • Hunting & gathering
    • Nomadic (20-30 bands)
    • Made tools
    • Men hunt, woman gather
    • Shelter in caves or with sticks and animal hides
  16. What was the most important development of the Neolithic Age?
    Change from hunting and gathering to Systematic agriculture (farming and herding)
  17. What is the great epic poem of ancient Sumer
    Epic of Gilgamesh
  18. What is the Egyptian word describes Egyptian concept of truth, justice, and order
  19. What is the Sumerian system of writing called
  20. What was an Egyptian tributary that contained people in Sub-Saharan Africa that had a large Egyptian influence and trade
  21. Name the two major rivers of Mesopotamia
    Tigris and euphrates
  22. What famous Babylonian King was noted for his code of laws
  23. What is the sacred writing of Egypt called
  24. After the death of Solomon, what happened to the kingdom
    It split in two: Northern (Israel) and Southern (Judah)
  25. What metal replaced bronze in 1200 BC to be used as the basic metal for military weapons
  26. What Mesopotamian empire was known for it's extensive use of iron weapons and it's rule by terror?
  27. Where did the Aryans migrate from
    Siberia and Central Asia (Indo-European countries)
  28. What was the ancient political treatise on statecraft, written during the time of Chandragupta Maura?
  29. What does Varna, the Indian word for castes mean?
  30. What were the Indian priestly caste known as
  31. What language were the Verdes written in
  32. Who founded Buddhism
    Siddhartha Gautama
  33. Who suggested that "if the government leads by virtue and governs through the rules of propriety, the people will feel shame and seek to correct their own mistakes"
  34. What Dynasty began Chinese civilization
    Xia Dynasty
  35. What was the longest reigning dynasty in Chinese History
  36. What was the trade route that ran from central China to the Mediterannian Sea (in operation as early as the 5th century BCE)
    The Silk Road
  37. Where are Confucius sayings collected
  38. Who in China serves as the intermediate between heaven and earth
  39. What was viewed as a means of achieving political order and refining human character in early china
  40. What was the most important contribution of the Phoenicians of Western Civilization
    the alphabet
  41. What helped the kingdom of Israel reach it's peak under the temple-building
    King Solomon
  42. Who was the great Persion religious prophet
  43. What 3 things were unique during the Shang dynasty
    • Bronze casting
    • Writing system
    • Oracle bones
  44. What inventions which may have been introduced from the west, helped the Shang rise to power in China
    Irrigation, spoked wheel, and chariot
  45. According to the Rites of Zhou, how did the kings rule (two roles)
    • Representative of Heaven
    • Mandate of Heaven
  46. Where was the earliest evidence of religious belief in ancient China found?
    relics in rural tombs of Neolithic times
  47. What was the Ancient Chinese philosophy that divides the cosmos into two opposing forces called
    yin and yang
  48. What two elements did Confucius understand about the Dao
    • It is the responsibility of individuals to subordinate their own interests to the broader needs of society
    • Humanity: sense of compassion for others (human heartedness)
  49. What does the term T'ian
  50. Which of the Hundred Schools of Chinese thought believed that only a strong ruler could keep order in society since man's basic nature was corrupt?
  51. The line, "Do not do unto others what you would not wish done to yourself," comes from:
    The Bible, the golden rule
  52. Which dynasty created the first unified government in China?
    Qin Dynasty
  53. All of the following were reforms in the Qin dynasty EXCEPT:
    No private commerce and manufacturing
  54. Who founded the Han dynasty?
    Liu Bang
  55. The line, "One who knows when he can fight, and when he cannot fight, will be victorious," comes from:
    Art of War by Sun Tzu
  56. The Chinese language is made up of:
  57. Which of the following was a technological innovation of the Paleolithic peoples?
    Making of tools and fire
  58. The earliest humanlike creatures were called
  59. Which of the following is (are) consequences of the Neolithic revolution?
    Political and social changes - nomads to settlers, men dominant; economic changes - trade and specialization of crafts; technological developments - metalworking and writing
  60. A massive Sumerian stepped tower was called a:
  61. Who was the leader of the Akkadians who conquered the Sumerian city-states around 2340 B.C.E.
  62. Hammurabi is best known for:
    Hammurabi's code; code of law
  63. Which of the following protected Egypt from invading forces?
    Deserts and cataracts
  64. The pyramids were built during the
    old kingdom
  65. The Middle Kingdom came to an end with invasion of the:
  66. Which Indo-European language speakers were the first to use iron?
  67. What was the capital of the Assyrian empire.
  68. Who united Persia into an enormous empire and ruled with great tolerance?
  69. During the Middle Kingdom, pharaohs:
    Are portrayed as the shepherd of his people who must build public works and provide for the public welfare (no longer an inaccessible god-king)
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History Exam 1
2015-09-20 13:20:29
exam 1
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