Psych Exam

Card Set Information

Author:
Jasper62
ID:
308264
Filename:
Psych Exam
Updated:
2015-09-25 10:41:00
Tags:
psych
Folders:

Description:
psych
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Jasper62 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Major depression
  2. Adjustment disorder
  3. Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia)
  4. Bipolar disorder
    • probably overdiagnosed
    • 2.6% of US adults, 89% of those are severe

    • Mania: type 1
    • Hypomania: type 2
  5. Tri-partite model
    • ID: instinctual drives
    • fully unconscious
    • pleasure¬†
    • Ego: mediates ID's drive with reality
    • ego defenses - lessen pain of inner conflict
    • super-ego: internal moral compass
    • right and wrong
    • from parents and society
  6. Object relations theory
    • Object- person who is target of emotions, usually mother
    • relations- interpersonal relationships, often past
    • individual carries childhood dynamics into adult and uses to predict others
    • helpful for some personality disorders

    • "good enough" mother for development
    • "not me" object (blanket or doll) to lesson separation
  7. self theory - Kohut
    • understand ourselves through empathy toward others
    • development of "self object"
    • pathology when emotional deprivation in relationships, especially early
    • ex- depressed mother can't provide connection with child, child doesn't develop self object
  8. Conditioning
    • Classical: Pavlov's dogs
    • trains involuntary response to neutral stimuls by association
    • stimulus comes BEFORE the behavior
    • Operant: Skinner
    • applies reinforcement or punishment after a behavior
    • goal is to increase/dec behavior
    • reinforcement- increase
    • punishment - decrease
  9. Humanistic perspective
    • Carl Rogers, abraham maslow
    • person is center of their universe
    • people are basically good
    • understand their frame of reference and offer unconditional positive regard
  10. existential perspective
    • people struggle with meaninglessness, lack of purpose, death, freedom
    • focus on helping person live in line with their values, talk about personal meaning
    • "what kind of life do you want to live?"
  11. Maslow's hierarchy of needs
    • physiological- breathing food, water, sex, sleep, excretion
    • safety- security¬†
    • love/belonging- friends, family, sex
    • esteem- self, confidence
    • self-actualization- morality, creativity, problem solving, acceptance

    people need to meet basic needs before solving higher problems
  12. cognitive behavioral perspective
    • thoughts lead to feelings which lead to behaviors
    • automatic thoughts- spontaneous neg streaming thoughts
    • irrational assumptions- incorrect interpretations
    • errors in logic - cognitive distortions, usually neg

    • CBT: therapy
    • help identify thoughts which are separate from feelings, and id behaviors that follow
    • useful in depression, anxiety, and substance abuse
    • be careful about telling patients they're wrong and to change thoughts/feelings
  13. anorexia nervosa
    • low body weight
    • fear of weight gain, behavior to prevent it
    • body image disturbance
  14. bulimia nervosa
    • Part 1: the binge
    • eating more than someone would in 2 hrs
    • lack of control during that time
    • no pleasure in the binge, secret, guilt
    • Part 2: the compensatory part of it
    • binge-purge cycle 1x/week for 3 months
    • sometimes calluses on knuckles from teeth
    • restriction- eating a lot one day
    • laxatives
    • over exercising
    • compensating b/c you binged
  15. binge eating disorder
    • binging but with no compensatory behavior
    • 1x/week for 3 months
    • very common
    • male dominates
  16. avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder
    • little interest in food
    • can be sensory related, texture, temp, color of food
    • aversive experience- choked before, afraid of something happening again

    • Weight loss
    • nutritional deficiency
    • psychosocial impairment
    • need for alternative feeding
    • not related to body image, availability, culture
  17. Other specified eating disorders
    • purging disorder
    • atypical anorexia
    • subthreshold bulimia
    • subthreshold binge eating disorder
    • night eating syndrom

    taken out in DSM V and added these categories
  18. purging disorder
    bulimia w/o the binge
  19. atypical anorexia
    axorexia but not under weight
  20. subthreshold bulimia or binge eating disorder
    lower frequency of bulimia/binge
  21. night eating syndrome
    • awakenings from sleep that require food to sleep
    • >25% of eating after dinner
    • not explained by other disorder
    • doesn't have to be every night
  22. Medical problems of anorexia, ARFID
    not getting enough calories for energy

    • Metabolic: problems
    • refeeding syndrome- stop breaking down stuff and begin building, insulin, phosphate into cell, push too hard, heart freaks out, heart failure
    • plateau effect
    • hypercortisolemia
    • GI: problems
    • slowing down
    • SMA syndrome- small bowel obstruction from SMA hitting duodenum
    • Cardiac: problems
    • heartrate changes, hypotension
    • hyponatremia
    • Endocrine: problems
    • bone problems
  23. Med complications of BN/ purging
    • related to methods of purging or binging
  24. Med complications of BED, NES
    • more related to obesity

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview