Health (Exam 1)

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Health (Exam 1)
2015-09-23 00:15:49

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  1. A disease that typically begins slowly, progresses, and persists, with a variety of signs and symptoms that can be treated, but not cured by medication.
    Chronic disease
  2. The public health model is associated with...
    prevention of disease.
  3. The range of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that influence health status.
    Determinants of health
  4. The 6 dimensions of health. (PSIESE)
    • 1. Physical
    • 2. Social
    • 3. Intellectual
    • 4. Emotional
    • 5. Spiritual
    • 6. Environmental
  5. The model of behavior change emphasizing the role of social factors and thought processes in behavior change.
    Social cognitive model
  6. The model for explaining how beliefs may influence behaviors.
    Health belief model
  7. What does the acronym for SMART goals stand for? (SMART)
    • 1. Specific
    • 2. Measurable
    • 3. Action oriented
    • 4. Realistic
    • 5. Time oriented
  8. Obamacare is also known as the...
    Affordable Care Act of 2010
  9. Approach to health that considers the whole person and how he or she interacts with his or her environment.
    Holistic health
  10. Expected number of years of full health remaining at a given age, such as at birth.
    Healthy life expectancy
  11. Assessment of impact of health status on the overall quality of life. Includes physical, mental, emotional, and social functions.
    Health-related quality of life
  12. A view of health in which health status focuses primarily on the individual and a biological or diseased organ perspective.
    Medical model
  13. Public health model is also known as the... model.
  14. A view of health in which diseases and other negative health events are seen as a result of an individual's interaction with his or her social and physical environment.
    Public Health/Ecological model
  15. Large molecules made up of chains of amino acids.
  16. Essential constituents of all body cells.
  17. Most abundant substance and 2nd most abundant nutrient in the human body.
  18. Basic nutrients that supply the body with glucose, the energy form most commonly used to sustain normal activity.
  19. ... are broken down quicker than proteins or fats.
  20. 2 types of carbs. (SC)
    • 1. Simple 
    • 2. Complex
  21. Essential nutrients needed for energy , cell function, insulation of body organs, maintenance of body temperature, and healthy skin and hair.
  22. Vitamins that are absorbed through the intestinal tract with the help of fats.
    Fat soluble vitamins
  23. Vitamins that dissolve easily in water.
    Water soluble vitamins
  24. The science that investigates the relationship between physiological function and the essential elements of foods eaten.
  25. A unit of measure that indicates the amount of energy obtained from a particular food.
  26. What are the 2 good fats? and why are they good? (MP)
    • 1. Monounsaturated
    • 2. Polyunsaturated
    • They edcrease LDLs
  27. Compounds that facilitate the transport of cholesterol in the blood to the liver for metabolism and elimination from the body.
    High-density Lipoproteins (HDLs)
  28. Compounds that transport cholesterol in the blood to the body's cells.
    Low-density Lipoproteins (LDLs)
  29. Fatty acids that are produced when polyunsaturated oils are hydrogenated to make them more solid.
    Trans fats
  30. You need a... amount of trace minerals.
  31. 4 fat-soluble vitamins and the term associated with each.
    • 1. D (sunshine)
    • 2. E (Skin)
    • 3. A (Vision)
    • 4. K (Blood clotting)
  32. 4 major minerals. (SPIC)
    • 1. Sodium
    • 2. Potassium
    • 3. Iron
    • 4. Calcium
  33. Sodium helps with the regulation of... and...
    blood, body pulses
  34. 2 water-soluble vitamins.
    • 1. B
    • 2. C
  35. Vitamin C enhances the...
    immune system
  36. Antioxidants include what 3 vitamins?
    • 1. A
    • 2. C
    • 3. E
  37. You need a... amount of macrominerals.
  38. Potassium helps... and is involved in
    conduct electricity, muscle contraction
  39. Calcium helps with...
    muscle contraction
  40. A deficiency in... leads to anemia.
  41. Iron helps produce...
  42. Food intolerance happens when you can't...
    break down food
  43. Something is organic if it has no... (PCH)
    • 1. Pesticides
    • 2. Chemicals
    • 3. Hormones
  44. 3 parts of the social cognitive model. (BSI)
    • 1. Behavior
    • 2. Social environment
    • 3. Inner cognition
  45. A condition that occurs when the level of sodium in the blood is too low and you have too much water.
  46. Weight maintenance happens when calories consumed = ...
    calories burned.
  47. Main fuel source for energy.
  48. Which type of carbs are better?
  49. Most energy-dense nutrient
  50. 2 things trans fat does. (II)
    • 1. Increases shelf life
    • 2. Improves texture