Unit 1 Inductive Arguments

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Unit 1 Inductive Arguments
2015-10-06 18:15:21
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  1. What are the inductive argument types? (6)
    • Prediction
    • Argument from analogy
    • Generalization
    • Argument from authority
    • Argument based on signs
    • Causal inference
  2. What is an inductive argument?
    group of statements in which one or more (premises) claims to support one of the others (conclusion) with logical probability
  3. Prediction
    an argument that proceeds from our knowledge of the past to a claim about the future.
  4. Argument from analogy
    an argument that depends on the existence of an analogy, or similarity, between two things or states of affairs.
  5. Generalization
    is an argument that proceeds from the knowledge of a selected sample to some claim about the whole group.
  6. argument from authority
    argument that concludes something is true because a presumed expert or witness has said that it is
  7. Argument based on signs
    an argument that proceeds from the knowledge of a sign to a claim about the thing or situation that the sign symbolizes
  8. Causal inference
    argument that proceeds from knowledge of a cause to a claim about an effect, or, conversely, from knowledge of an effect to a claim about a cause
  9. Strong argument
    an inductive argument in which it is improbable that the conclusion be false given that the premises are true
  10. Weak argument
    an inductive argument in which the conclusion does not follow probably from the premises, even though it is claimed to.
  11. Cogent argument
    • inductive argument that is strong and has all true premises. - premises must be true in the sense of meeting the total evidence
    • requirement.