As ______, qualitative researchers tend to be creative and intuitive, putting together an array of data drawn from many resources to arrive at a holistic understanding of a phenomenon.
Examples of anthropology (qualitative research).
Examples of psychology (qualitative research)
Examples of philosophy (qualitative research)
Examples of sociology (qualitative research)
Example of sociolinguistics (qualitative research)
_________ focuses on the culture of a group of people and relies on extensive fieldwork.
The fieldwork involved in ethnography usually includes what two things?
in-depth interviews w/ key informants
Ethnographers strive to acquire what kind of perspective of a culture?
emic (insider's) rather than etic (outsider's)
The concept of ________ is used by ethnographers to describe the researcher's significant role in analyzing and interpreting a culture.
researcher as instrument
The product of ethnographic research is typically a holistic description of the culture, but sometimes the products are ________.
Interpretive scripts that can be performed.
Nurses sometimes refer to their ethnographic studies as ______.
________ focuses on the organization of professinoal services from the perspective of the front-line workers or clients.
_______ focuses on the group or culture to which the researcher belongs.
autoethnographies (or insider research)
Phenomenology seeks to discover the ______ and _____ of a phenomenon as it is experienced by people.
essence and meaning
How does phenomenology seek to discover the essence and meaning of a phenomenon as it is experienced by people?
mainly through in-depth interviews w/ people who have had the relevant experience
_______ seeks to describe lived experiences
In descriptive phenomenology, researchers strive to ______ out preconceived views and to _____ the essence of the phenomenon by remaining open to meanings attributed to it by those who have experienced it.
A type of phenomenology that focuses on interpreting the meaning of experiences, rather than just describing them.
_______ aims to discover theoretical precepts in the data.
Grounded theory reseachers try to account for people's actions by focusing on the main concern that ______ is designed to resolve.
The manner in which people resolve the main concern (behavior) in grounded theory.
The goal of grounded theory is to discover the main concern and the ________ that explains how people resolve it.
basic social process (BSP)
Grounded theory uses _______ comparison.
______ focuses on the cognitive world of culture, with particular emphasis on the semantic rules and shared meanings that shape behavior.
Ethnosicence (AKA cognitive anthropoogy)
________ has disciplinary roots in both philosophy & psychology.
______ inquiry almost always focuses on meaning and interpretation - how socially and historically conditioned individuals interpret their world within their given context.
_______ focuses on the influence of the environment on human behavior, and attempts to identify principles that explain the interdependence of humans and their environmental context.
________ seeks to discover how people make sense of their everyday activities and interpret their social worlds, so as to ehave in socially acceptable ways.
______ is a sociiological and social-psychological tradition with roots in American pragmatism and is sometimes assoc w/ grounded theory.
Symbolic interaction or interactionism
The study of signs and their meanings.
______ seeks to understand the rules, mechanisms, and structure of conersations and texts.
discourse analysis or conversation analysis
_____ criticism is concerned with the authenticity of the source
_______ criticism assesses the worth of the evidence.
_______ entails a critique of existing social structures.
________ applies the principles of critical theory to the study of cultures.
________ research produces knowledge through close collaboration with groups or communities that are vulnerable to control or oppression by a dominant culture.
In ____ research, methods take second place to emergent processes that can motivate people and generate community solidarity.
______ sampling is used to select datat sources that enhance information richness.
_______ sampling entails purposely selecting cases with a wide range of variation.
_____ sampling is deliberately reducing variation.
______ sampling is selecting average, above average, and below average cases.
Grounded theory researchers typically use ______ sampling.
_______ sampling is when decisions are guided in an ongoing fashion by the emerging theory.
Samples of ______ people are typical in grounded theory studies.
______ sampling is selecting cases on the basis of their representation of important constructs.
________ sampling is adding new cases based on changes in research circumstances or in response to new leads that develop in the field.
______ typically work with a small sample of people (10 or fewer).
IN _______ generalization, researchers strive to generalize from particulars to broader conceptualizations and theories.
________ is a model of generalizability which involves judgments about whether findings from an inquiry can be extrapolated to a different setting or group of people.
Transferability is a collaborative effort b/w researchers who must provide _____ description about their research contexts and the potential users of evidence.
The ________ model involves a coceptualization abou twhich contexts are more or less like the one in the study.