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What is a prefix?
A syllable(s) or a word joined to the beginning of another word to alter its meaning or create a new word
What is a root word?
Subject part of the word that is the basis for the meaning of the medical word.
What is a combining form?
a word or root word when used as an element in a medical word formation. Usually using a combining vowel
a vowel, usually an o, used to connect a word or root word to the appropriate suffix or to another root word.
What is a suffix?
a syllable(s) or a word added at the end of a root word to change its meaning.
What is the 1st step to the Systematic Method of Physical Examination:
What is the 2nd step to the Systematic Method of Physical Examination:
- Evaluate and record animals general condition
- activity level
- body condition
What is the 3rd step to the Systematic Method of Physical Examination:
Evaluate and record condition of each body system
What are you evaluating for the integument system?
- Overall condition of hair and coat
- Any alopecia present?
- Skin turgor test
What are you evaluating in the respiratory system?
- Evaluate respiratory rate and rhythm
- Record presence or absence of rales
- Nasal discharge
What are you evaluating in the cardiovascular system?
- Evaluate cardiac rate and rhythm
- CRT (capillary refill time)
- Presence or absence of pulse
What are you evaluating in the Gastrointestinal system?
- Record presence or absence of diarrhea and vomiting
- Palpate abdomen, record presence or absence of tenderness
What are you evaluating in the Genitourinary system?
- Palpate kidneys and bladder
- Note urine volume and if there is any blood
- Males: check for presence or absence of testicles in scrotum and penile discharge
- Females: record evidence of pregnancy, lactation, vaginal discharge
What are you evaluating in the Musculoskeletal system?
- Evaluate presence or absence of welling
- Manipulate joins
- Record any abnormal gait, limping, guarding, tenderness
- Note overall musculature
What are you evaluating in the nervous system?
- Record presence or absence of head tilt, tremors
- Evaluate pupillary light reflexes
- Evaluate triceps, patellar, and gastrocnemius reflexes
What is a Pulse deficit?
he peripheral pulse rate may be less than the heart rate-Comparison of heart rate and pulse rate helps detect pulse deficits
What is pulse quality?
- how the pulse feels when palpated with light digital pressure. Examples how of to describe pulse quality (strong, moderate, weak, and thread)
- is affected by cardiac stroke volume, vascular tone, vascular fluid volume
WHat are the three main colors of the mucous membrane?
- Pink: Normal
- cherry red: may indicate monoxide poisoning
- pale mucous: decrease in circulating red blood cells
What do you test with a capillary refill time? How long should it be?
- estimates oxygenation and tissue perfusion
- CRT of <2 seconds in small animals is normal
- CRT of <3 seconds in large animals is normal
WHat is Arterial blood pressure?
an indicator of perfusion and cardiac output, but is not a true measure of blood flow