Assignment 2 Reading

Card Set Information

Assignment 2 Reading
2015-09-23 18:10:15
CT NDSU Vet tech vettech
CT&I Reading
Chapter 5 (medical term) / Box 12-5 pg 308 / 371-372 -> USE THE ANATOMICAL TERMS CARD SET! -> USE PHYSICAL EXAM ASPECTS CARD SET FOR Ch. 22!
Show Answers:

  1. What is a prefix?
    A syllable(s) or a word joined to the beginning of another word to alter its meaning or create a new word
  2. What is a root word?
    Subject part of the word that is the basis for the meaning of the medical word.
  3. What is a combining form?
    a word or root word when used as an element in a medical word formation. Usually using a combining vowel
  4. Combining vowel
    a vowel, usually an o, used to connect a word or root word to the appropriate suffix or to another root word.
  5. What is a suffix?
    a syllable(s) or a word added at the end of a root word to change its meaning.
  6. What is the 1st step to the Systematic Method of Physical Examination:
    Record TRP
  7. What is the 2nd step to the Systematic Method of Physical Examination:
    • Evaluate and record animals general condition
    • disposition
    • activity level
    • body condition
  8. What is the 3rd step to the Systematic Method of Physical Examination:
    Evaluate and record condition of each body system
  9. What are you evaluating for the integument system?
    • Overall condition of hair and coat
    • Any alopecia present?
    • Parasites?
    • Lumps?
    • Wounds?
    • Rashes?
    • Skin turgor test
  10. What are you evaluating in the respiratory system?
    • Evaluate respiratory rate and rhythm
    • Record presence or absence of rales
    • Rhonchi
    • Crepitus
    • Dyspnea
    • Nasal discharge
  11. What are you evaluating in the cardiovascular system?
    • Evaluate cardiac rate and rhythm
    • CRT (capillary refill time)
    • Presence or absence of pulse
  12. What are you evaluating in the Gastrointestinal system?
    • Record presence or absence of diarrhea and vomiting
    • Palpate abdomen, record presence or absence of tenderness
  13. What are you evaluating in the Genitourinary system?
    • Palpate kidneys and bladder
    • Note urine volume and if there is any blood
    • Males: check for presence or absence of testicles in scrotum and penile discharge
    • Females: record evidence of pregnancy, lactation, vaginal discharge
  14. What are you evaluating in the Musculoskeletal system?
    • Evaluate presence or absence of welling
    • Manipulate joins
    • Record any abnormal gait, limping, guarding, tenderness
    • Note overall musculature
  15. What are you evaluating in the nervous system?
    • Record presence or absence of head tilt, tremors
    • Evaluate pupillary light reflexes
    • Evaluate triceps, patellar, and gastrocnemius reflexes
  16. What is a Pulse deficit?
    he peripheral pulse rate may be less than the heart rate-Comparison of heart rate and pulse rate helps detect pulse deficits
  17. What is pulse quality?
    • how the pulse feels when palpated with light digital pressure. Examples how of to describe pulse quality (strong, moderate, weak, and thread)
    • is affected by cardiac stroke volume, vascular tone, vascular fluid volume
  18. WHat are the three main colors of the mucous membrane?
    • Pink: Normal
    • cherry red: may indicate monoxide poisoning
    • pale mucous: decrease in circulating red blood cells
  19. What do you test with a capillary refill time? How long should it be?
    • estimates oxygenation and tissue perfusion
    • CRT of <2 seconds in small animals is normal
    • CRT of <3 seconds in large animals is normal
  20. WHat is Arterial blood pressure?
    an indicator of perfusion and cardiac output, but is not a true measure of blood flow