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Basic physical needs for cats
- Kept clean, dry, comfortable in secure housing
- eliminate as much environmental stress as possible
Basic Physiological Needs for cats/dogs
- positive soothing voices
- gentle reassurance
- snacks and treats
Monitoring lvl of Consciousness
- LOC (level of consciousness) Pain?
Systemic/secondary disorders from surgery:
- Hyper excitability
- Weigh patient each day
- Helps monitor hydration, and nutrition status
Monitoring body temperature:
Base line temp on admittance and every appointment
What is Hypothermia? how do we deal with it?
- Lower body temperature
- Shock, sepsis, severe cardiac insufficiency, organ failure
- Combat With: Hot water blankets (NOT electric), Warm water bottles, Blow-dryer, Heat lamp
What is Hyperthermia? How do we deal with it?
- High body temperature
- Occurs with infection, sepsis, toxicity, inflammation, stress, seizures
- Combat with: ice wrapped towels, fans, alcohol application, cold drinking water
Monitor with auscultation or an ECG caudal to elbows or stifles
What is a murmur heard between the 2nd sound and following 1st sound?
What is a murmur heard between 1st heart sound & 2nd sound?
Monitoring urine production
Urination frequency should be recorded on all patients.
- Monitor all excretions and characterize the color and contents of the vomitus and feces
- Patients must be kept as clean and free of body waste and secretions as possible.
- Patients that have not had bowel movements in the past 2 days but are still eating should be monitored close
Neurological/Integumentary System Monitoring
- Assessment of Neurological system should start with LOC
- Note their body position, head tilt or any other abnormal head posture
- A baseline nutritional assessment should be followed by serial assessments throughout the course of hospitalization
- Crucial to recovery and survival
When a patient is admitted any vomit, diarrhea, urine, feces, or blood should be removed from the skin to prevent infections
What is stimulus?
internal or external change that exceeds a threshold causing stimulation of the nervous and/or endocrine systems.
What is ethology?
Study of animal behavior
What is classic conditioning?
conditioning associated with stimulus that occur at approx. the same time or in the same area
What is operant conditioning?
association of a particular activity with apunishment or a reward
What is positive reinforcement?
immediate pleasant occurrence that follows a behavior (Treats/praise)
immediate unpleasant occurrence used to create a desired behavior (Electric fences)
What is Anthropomorphism?
refers to the attribution of human characteristics and emotions to animals
Do kittens need to be shown how to use a litter?
No, they use a substrate, or specific location for elimination
What is agnostic behavior?
behaviors that animals show in situations, involving social conflict.
Where does conflict related aggressive behavior come from?
unpredictable environment or inconsistent/inappropriate use of punishment
Where does fear induced aggression come from?
fearful situations: noises, vet offices, unknown areas, being caged
what is Predatory aggression?
Instinctual stalking and pouncing with no warning growl
Where does pain induced aggression come form?
a protective instinct
How can you prevent destructive behavior in dogs? in cats?
- Dogs: appeal to chew toys
- Cats: scratching posts (try with cat nip)