Assignment 7 Reading

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  1. Nails should not extend ___
    beyond the level of the foot pad
  2. Why have regular nail trims?
    • prevent ingrown nails
    • prevent nail fractures
    • prevent impaired walking
    • minimize injury to handlers
  3. When animals have over grown nails they also can have ___
    overgrown quicks
  4. What position should a patient be in when nail trimming?
    lateral or sternal recumbency, or sitting
  5. How do you extend a nail?
    Hold the toe between thumb and forefinger and push the toe/pad
  6. What to items do we use to stop bleeding when we hit a quick?
    • quick stop
    • silver nitrate sticks
    • (cotton ball and pressure if none else)
  7. Where "clock times" do the anal sacs usually rest
    4 and 8
  8. What should you wear when expressing an anal gland?
    gloves, well lubricated digits that are being used
  9. How should a dog be restrained when have anal glands expressed?
    in a standing position
  10. How do you express an anal gland?
    • Palpate anal sac between thumb (externally) and forefinger (internally)
    • Massage with light to moderate pressure, milking/pushing the secretions medially into anal opening
  11. After excreting anal glands what should you do to clean up?
    Clean perineum with deodorizer or spot cleaner if not bathing afterwards
  12. What are some unusual discharges of the anal gland?
    • Thick
    • yellow
    • pus-like liquid
    • bloody
  13. When expressing an anal glad what should you do externally?
    place a gauze/sponge/paper towel over anus to catch fluids
  14. DO NOT EXPRESS anal sacs if:
    patient with recent rectal surgery
  15. What can cleaning or administering medication without examination can damage the ear
    • Loss of hearing
    • Temporary loss of vestibular function
    • Facial nerve paralysis
  16. When examining an ear what should you look for?
    • Redness
    • Discharge
    • Ulceration
    • Narrowing of canal
    • Odor
    • Signs of pain
    • Damaged Timpani
  17. What are some visual symptoms of ear disease?
    • Shaking head
    • Head tilt
    • Scratching at the ears
  18. Three steps to an aural exam:
    • 1) grasp pinna and insert otoscope cone into canal
    • 4) pull pinna laterally to straighten canal
    • 3) advance otoscope into canal to see eardrum
  19. If to much debris when examining what do you do?
    Flush with saline
  20. What should you clean ears with?
    cotton balls or cotton swabs
  21. Dogs with droopy ears should have cleansing products with what?
    drying facotors
  22. Why should you get rid of hairs?
    hair can trap moisture and act as a breeding ground for organisms
Card Set:
Assignment 7 Reading
2015-09-24 02:02:22
NDSU vettech CT vet tech
CT&I Reading
Nails, ears, anal glands
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