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Nails should not extend ___
beyond the level of the foot pad
Why have regular nail trims?
- prevent ingrown nails
- prevent nail fractures
- prevent impaired walking
- minimize injury to handlers
When animals have over grown nails they also can have ___
What position should a patient be in when nail trimming?
lateral or sternal recumbency, or sitting
How do you extend a nail?
Hold the toe between thumb and forefinger and push the toe/pad
What to items do we use to stop bleeding when we hit a quick?
- quick stop
- silver nitrate sticks
- (cotton ball and pressure if none else)
Where "clock times" do the anal sacs usually rest
4 and 8
What should you wear when expressing an anal gland?
gloves, well lubricated digits that are being used
How should a dog be restrained when have anal glands expressed?
in a standing position
How do you express an anal gland?
- Palpate anal sac between thumb (externally) and forefinger (internally)
- Massage with light to moderate pressure, milking/pushing the secretions medially into anal opening
After excreting anal glands what should you do to clean up?
Clean perineum with deodorizer or spot cleaner if not bathing afterwards
What are some unusual discharges of the anal gland?
- pus-like liquid
When expressing an anal glad what should you do externally?
place a gauze/sponge/paper towel over anus to catch fluids
DO NOT EXPRESS anal sacs if:
patient with recent rectal surgery
What can cleaning or administering medication without examination can damage the ear
- Loss of hearing
- Temporary loss of vestibular function
- Facial nerve paralysis
When examining an ear what should you look for?
- Narrowing of canal
- Signs of pain
- Damaged Timpani
What are some visual symptoms of ear disease?
- Shaking head
- Head tilt
- Scratching at the ears
Three steps to an aural exam:
- 1) grasp pinna and insert otoscope cone into canal
- 4) pull pinna laterally to straighten canal
- 3) advance otoscope into canal to see eardrum
If to much debris when examining what do you do?
Flush with saline
What should you clean ears with?
cotton balls or cotton swabs
Dogs with droopy ears should have cleansing products with what?
Why should you get rid of hairs?
hair can trap moisture and act as a breeding ground for organisms