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why are iv injections use?
- rapid absorption of medication, fluids
- administering medication if to caustic for IM or SQ tissue
Possible problems with IV injections?
- Needle passing through
- collapsing vein (work to fast)
- Hematoma (injecting to fast, wiggling, unsteady hand)
Most common vein used for IV on cats and dogs?
steps for prepping a cephalic vein
- assemble syringe (loosen cap)
- wet cotton ball w/ alcohol
- shave hair is needed
- place animal in restraint
- wipe area
what does the restrainer do to the vein when doing blood draws on the cephalic leg? injection?
- roll and hold off vein
- release pressure when administer tells you too
Steps to finding and inserting the needle for a cephalic draw:
- 1) palpate vein and visualise
- 2)grab syring and place other hand thumb by vessel
- 3)insert needle lower then sweet spot
- 4)insert as flat as possible (cephalic vein is superficial)
- 5) thread needle in all the way to the hub if possible
How to ensure your in the vein:
- Aspirate (if blood you're in)
- roll thumb over to hold steady
If you do not aspirate blood what do you do?
- Move needle out (without going all the way out!)
How should you move your needle under the skin?
- up or down motion
- then try left and right
After syringe is fill what do you do next (before pulling out)
- use aspirating hand to get cotton ball and place over injection sight
- withdrawl needle
- keep pressure until bleeding stops
If you have a blood sample how do you transfer the blood to the collection container?
remove needle and shoot (slowly) into container