N358 Ch 2

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hchristensen
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308463
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N358 Ch 2
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2015-09-24 14:03:27
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N358
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Questions from N358 Ch 2
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  1. What is the term for the pleasure principle that drives a person to satisfy needs and achieve immediate gratification?
    id
  2. What is the term for the rational self or the reality principle that experiences the reality of the external world and is the mediator?
    ego
  3. What is the term for the perfection principle that internalizes the values and morals set forth by primary caregivers and depends on what is morally right and wrong?
    superego
  4. In what stage of Erikson's developmental tasks do you develop a basic trust in the mothering figure and learn to generalize it to others?
    • trust vs. mistrust
    • birth-18 months
  5. In what stage of Erikson's developmental tasks do you gain some self-control and independence within the environment?
    • autonomy vs. shame and doubt
    • 18 months-3 years
  6. In what stage of Erikson's developmental tasks do you develop a sense of purpose and the ability to initiate and direct own activities?
    • initiative vs. guilt
    • 3-6 years
  7. In what stage of Erikson's developmental tasks do you achieve a sense of self-confidence by learning, competing, performing successfully, and receiving recognition from significant others, peers, and acquaintances?
    • industry vs. inferiority
    • 6-12 years
  8. In what stage of Erikson's developmental tasks do you integrate the tasks mastered in the previous stages into a secure sense of self?
    • identity vs. role confusion
    • 12-20 years
  9. In what stage of Erikson's developmental tasks do you form an intense, lasting relationship or a commitment to another person, cause, institution, or creative effort?
    • intimacy vs. isolation
    • 20-30 years
  10. In what stage of Erikson's developmental tasks do you achieve the life goals established for oneself while also considering the welfare of future generations?
    • generativity vs. stagnation
    • 30-65 years
  11. In what stage of Erikson's developmental tasks do you review your life and derive meaning from both positive and negative events while achieving a positive sense of self-worth?
    • ego integrity vs. despair
    • 65 years-death
  12. In what phase of Mahler's object relations theory does the child exist in a half-sleeping, half-waking state and does not perceive the existence of other people or an external environment? This stage focuses on the basic needs of survival and comfort.
    • autistic phase
    • birth-1 month
  13. In what phase of Mahler's object relations theory does the child view the self as an extension of the mother but with a developing awareness that it is she who fulfills the child's every need?
    • symbiotic phase
    • 1-5 months
  14. In what phase of Mahler's object relations theory does the child separate and individualize itself to a distinct and separate being?
    • separation-individuation
    • 5-36 months
  15. What is the term for being able to understand one's own behavior, to help others identify felt difficulties, and to apply principles of human relations to the problems that arise at all levels of experience?
    psychodynamic nursing

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