Medical Terminology Week 6 Chapter 5 (Cardiovascular)

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Becho
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308475
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Medical Terminology Week 6 Chapter 5 (Cardiovascular)
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2015-10-01 16:31:00
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Ivy Tech Medical Terminology
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Cardiovascular Chapter
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  1. angi/o
    Blood or lymph vessel
  2. aort/o
    aorta
  3. arteri/o
    artery
  4. ather/o
    plaque, fatty substance
  5. brady-
    slow
  6. cardi/o
    heart
  7. -crasia
    a mixture or blending
  8. -emia
    blood, blood condition
  9. erythr/o
    red
  10. hem/o, hemat/o
    blood, relating to the blood
  11. leuk/o
    white
  12. phleb/o
    vein
  13. tachy-
    fast, rapid
  14. thromb/o
    clot
  15. ven/o
    vein
  16. ACE inhibitor
    Blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels to contract, resulting in hypertension.
  17. anemia
    A lower than normal number of erythrocytes (red blood cells) in the blood.
  18. aneurysm
    A localized weak spot or balloonlike enlargement of the wall of an artery.
  19. angina
    A condition of episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium.
  20. angioplasty
    The technique of mechanically widening a narrowed or obstructed blood vessel.
  21. anticoagulant
    Medication that slows blood coagulation and prevents new clots from forming.
  22. aplastic anemia
    A condition characterized by the absence of all formed blood elements caused by the failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow.
  23. arrhythmia
    The loss of the normal rhythm of the heartbeat.
  24. atherectomy
    Surgical removal of plaque buildup from the interior lining of an artery.
  25. atheroma
    A deposit of plaque on or within the arterial wall.
  26. atherosclerosis
    Hardening and narrowing of the arteries due to a buildup of cholesterol plaque on the interior walls of the arteries.
  27. atrial fibrillation
    When the normal rhythmic contractions of the atria are replaced by rapid, irregular twitching of the muscular heart wall.
  28. automated external defibrillator
    Electronic equipment that automatically samples the heart's electrical rhythms and when necessary, externally shocks the heart to restore a normal cardiac rhythm.
  29. beta-blocker
    A medication that reduces the workload of the heart by slowing the rate of the heartbeat.
  30. blood dyscrasia
    Any pathologic condition of the cellular elements of the blood.
  31. bradycardia
    An abnormally slow resting heart rate,usually applied to a heartbeat rate of less than 60 beats per minute.
  32. cardiac arrest
    An event in which the heart abruptly stops beating or develops an arrhythmia that prevents it from pumping blood effectively.
  33. cardiac catheterization
    A diagnostic procedure in which a catheter is passed into a vein or an artery and is guided into the heart.
  34. cardiomyopathy
    The term used to describe all diseases of the heart muscle.
  35. carotid endarterectomy
    Surgical removal of the lining of a portion of a clogged carotid artery leading to the brain.
  36. cholesterol
    A fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body.
  37. chronic venous insufficiency
    A condition in which venous circulation is inadequate due to partial vein blockage or leakage of venous valves.
  38. coronary thrombosis
    Damage to the heart muscle caused by a thrombus blocking a coronary artery.
  39. defibrillation
    The use of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm; also known as cardioversion.
  40. diuretic
    Medication administered to stimulate the kidneys to increase the secretion of urine to rid the body of excess sodium and water.
  41. electrocardiogram
    A record of the electrical activity of the myocardium.
  42. embolism
    The sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus.
  43. embolus
    A foreign object, such as a blood clot, quantity of air or gas, or a bit of tissue or tumor, that is circulating in the blood; plural, emboli.
  44. endocarditis
    Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart.
  45. erythrocytes
    Mature red blood cells produced by the bone marrow.
  46. hemoglobin
    The oxygen-carrying blood protein pigment of the erythocytes.
  47. hemolytic anemia
    A condition of an inadequate number of circulating red blood cells due to the premature destruction of these cells by the spleen.
  48. hemostasis
    To stop or control bleeding.
  49. ischemic heart disease
    A group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart.
  50. leukemia
    A type of cancer characterized by a progressive increase in the number of abnormal leukocytes (white blood cells) found in blood-forming tissues, other organs, and in the circulating blood.
  51. leukocytes
    White blood cells that are involved in defending the body against infective organisms and foreign substances,
  52. leukopenia
    A decrease in the number of disease-fighting white blood cells circulating in the blood.
  53. megaloblastic anemia
    A blood disorder characterized by anemia in which red blood cells are larger than normal.
  54. myelodysplastic syndrome
    A group of bone marrow disorders that are characterized by the insufficient production of one or more types of blood cells due to dysfunction of the bone marrow.
  55. myocardial infarction
    The occlusion (blockage) of one or more coronary arteries caused by plaque buildup; commonly known as a heart attack or an MI.
  56. orthostatic hypotension
    Low blood pressure that occurs upon standing up; also known as postural hypotension.
  57. pericardium
    The double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart.
  58. pernicious anemia
    A form of anemia caused by a lack of the protein that helps the body absorb vitamin B 12, which is necessary for the formation of red blood cells.
  59. phlebitis
    Inflammation of a vein or veins.
  60. Raynaud's disease
    A peripheral arterial occlusive disease in which intermittent attacks are triggered by cold or stress.
  61. septicemia
    A blood disorder associated with severe infections caused by the presence of bacteria in the blood. Also known as bacteremia.
  62. sickle cell anemia
    A genetic disorder that causes abnormal hemoglobin, resulting in some red blood cells assuming an abnormal sickle shape that interferes with normal blood flow.
  63. tachycardia
    An abnormally fast heartbeat, usually at a rate of more than 100 beats per minute.
  64. temporal arteritis
    A form of vasculitis that can cause headaches, visual impairment, jaw pain, and other symptoms.
  65. thallium stress test
    A diagnostic test performed to evaluate how well blood flows through the coronary arteries of the heart muscle during exercise.
  66. thrombocytopenia
    A condition in which there is an abnormally small number of platelets circulating in the blood.
  67. thrombolytic
    Medication that dissolves or causes a thrombus to break up; also known as a clot-busting drug.
  68. thrombosis
    The abnormal condition of having a thrombus; plural, thromboses.
  69. thrombotic occlusion
    The blocking of an artery by a thrombus.
  70. thrombus
    A blood clot attached to the interior wall of a vein or an artery.
  71. transfusion reaction
    A serious and potentially fatal complication of a blood transfusion in which a severe immune response occurs because the patient's blood and the donated blood do not match.
  72. valvulitis
    Inflammation of a heart valve.
  73. varicose veins
    Abnormally swollen veins, usually occurring in the superficial veins of the legs.
  74. ventricular fibrillation
    The rapid, irregular, and useless contractions of the ventricles.
  75. ventricular tachycardia
    A very rapid heartbeat that begins within the ventricles.

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