Community Exam 3

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Author:
jwhughes
ID:
308476
Filename:
Community Exam 3
Updated:
2015-09-24 16:59:20
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Community
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nursing
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Exam 3
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  1. Describe Florence Nightingales contributions to politics
    • First nurse to exert political pressure
    • Transformed military health
    • Collected/analyzed data (critical to public health today)
  2. Describe Sojourner Truths contribution to politics
    • Transform racist/sexist policies that limited health and well-being of African Americans
    • Lobbied for federal funds to train nurses/physicians
  3. Describe Clara Barton's contribution to politics
    • Organized relief efforts for Civil war
    • Brought Red Cross to US (good samaritan)
    • Help during times of peace/war
  4. Describe Lavina Dock's contribution to politics
    • Writer (Materia Medica 1st book)
    • Physicians should not train nurses
    • Nurses need formal education through literature
    • Worked with Robb and Nutting for National League of Nursing
  5. Describe Lillian Wald's contribution to politics
    • First to recognize social conditions and health connection
    • Develop Children's Bureau
    • National/International policy
    • ALSO ACTIVE CAMPAIGNER AGAINST SEGREGATION ON HENRY STREET
  6. Describe Mary Breckenridge's contribution to politics
    Develop Frontier Nursing 1912 (rural Kentucky)
  7. Describe Susie Walking Bear Yellowstone contribution to politics
    • Founded Native American Nursing Association
    • Traveled from reservation to reservation improving health for native americans
  8. Describe Florence Wald's contribution to politics
    Established hospice care in the US
  9. Describe Ruth Watson Lubic's contribution to politics
    Nurse midwife who crusaded for freestanding birth centers in the US
  10. What denotes a course of action to be followed by a government, business, or institution to obtain a desired effect?
    Policy
  11. What is policy a reflection of
    values, beliefs, and attitudes of those designing the policy
  12. What policy focuses on healthcare, pollution, and the economy?
    Public
  13. A local or regional effort to prevent the sale of tobacco or alcohol to minors is an example of what policy
    Public
  14. To prevent an epidemic, a program for inoculating a population is developed and implemented, and priorities and values underlying health resource allocation are determined is an example of what type of policy
    Health
  15. What is the argument of Social Justice
    That all individuals and groups receive fair treatment in society as well as impartially share in the benefits of that society
  16. What are rules of conduct or procedure that result from a combination of legislation, judicial decisions, constitutional decisions, and administrative actions
    LAWS
  17. What do you HAVE to have in order to follow through with developing a policy
    resources to back it up
  18. What is the FIRST step in forming a policy
    Identifying an issue and then putting it on the agenda
  19. What level of government is responsible for making Public Health Policies
    ALL 3 LEVELS
  20. What health organizations are influenced by Public Health Policies
    ALLLLL
  21. Who is the authority of the Public Health System
    States
  22. If the CDC's shift of focus is moving away from curing diseases and toward prevention and promotion, why hasn't it happened yet
    Because it would need a substantiate reallocation of resources away from medical care/research
  23. What refers to decisions made by legislative, executive, or judicial branches of one of the three levels (federal/state/local)
    Public policy
  24. Who has the authority for the protection of the public's health
    State
  25. If it is voluntary for the state to follow federal program standards, why don't states do their own thing?
    Because the federal government is who they get their funds from
  26. What groups are included in the private sector
    • Employers
    • Professional Organizations
    • Nonprofit health care organizations
    • Forprofit organizations
  27. Name differences between private sector and public sector
    • Private: influenced by economics/business management (Public influenced by social/political theories)
    • Private: Economics is central (Public its one factor)
    • Private: Decisions swift and proactive (Public: slow/deliberate/reactive)
    • Private: influenced by consumerism, market trends, economics (Public: voting shifts, electoral realignment, term limits)
  28. What act established a program to supervise and control the manufacturing, labeling, and sale of food
    Pure food and Drugs Act
  29. What act protects children from unhealthy labor practices
    Children's Bureau Act
  30. What act extended children's health care programs to the welfare of infants
    Sheppard-Towner
  31. What are 3 requirements for Medicare (1965)
    • >65 years
    • Permanent disabilities
    • End stage renal disease
  32. When did we first have medicare?
    1965
  33. What was the most significant law in 40 years for senior health care and what did it include
    Medicare Modernization Act, PRESCRIPTION DRUGS
  34. What is the most challenging element in making a policy
    getting it on the agenda
  35. What is the states role in health care policy, legislation, and regulation
    finance and delivery of services and oversight of insurance
  36. What does policy analysis determine
    Who will benefit and who will experience a loss as a result of the policy which is critical in order to develop health policies that are as fair as possible to all who are affected

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