Chapter 14 Assisting with Meals and Fluids

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Author:
Tanie
ID:
308496
Filename:
Chapter 14 Assisting with Meals and Fluids
Updated:
2015-09-24 22:49:26
Tags:
Assisting Meals Fluids
Folders:
Red Cross CNA
Description:
- Describe general types of nutrients that are essential for health - Explain general principles of a healthy diet, and describe two tools that can be used to help plan a health diet. - Describe factors that can affect the choices a person makes about food. - Describe orders that may be in place concerning diet and nutrition. - Describe common therapeutic diets, and explain the reasons each of these diets may be prescribed. - List reasons why meal time may be difficult time for a person who is receiving health care. - Describe actions a nurse assistant can take to make meal time as pleasant as possible for the person, and explain why this is important. - Describe how to prepare a person for a meal, how to serve a mean and how to assist the person with eating. - Describe how to estimate, report and record a person's food intake. - Explain the importance of maintaining fluid balance, and describe actions a nurse assistant cane take to ensure that a person takes in enough fluids. - Describe how to measure and record a person's fluid intake - Describe the nurse assistant's role in caring for a person who is receiving intravenous (IV) therapy or enteral nutrition (tube feedings). - After practicing the corresponding skill, ou will have the information needed to: - Help a person eat.
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  1. Which nutrient helps the body build and repair tissue?
    A. Carbohydrates
    B. Protein
    C. Water
    D. Fat
    B. Protein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. 2. A health diet is one that:
    A. The person will eat.
    B. Emphasizes whole grains, fruits and vegetables, lean meats and low-fat dairy.
    C. The person's primary care provider prescribes.
    D. The person grew up eating.
    B. Emphasizes whole grains, fruits and vegetables, lean meats and low-fat dairy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 3. Which nutrient supplies the body with its most basic form of energy?
    A. Fat
    B. Protien
    C. Carbohydrates
    D. Vitamins and minerals
    C. Carbohydrates
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 4. All of the following can affect the choices a person makes about food EXCEPT:
    A. The person's height.
    B. The person's culture.
    C. The person's religious beliefs.
    D. The person's ability to prepare food.
    A. The person's height.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Mrs. Powell has had little appetite since her husband of 65 years passed away recently.  What action could a nurse assistant take to encourage Mrs. Powell to eat?
    A. Explain to Mrs. Powell the importance of following the MyPlate guidelines.
    B. Remind Mrs. Powell that if she does not eat, she could get sick.
    C. Sit with Mrs. Powell while she is eating and make pleasant conversation.
    D. Tell Mrs. Powell that if she does not finish her meal, she cannot have dessert.
    C. Sit with Mrs. Powell while she is eating and make pleasant conversation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. All of the following can affect a person's appetite EXCEPT:
    A. An inability to smell the food.
    B. The person's fluid balance.
    C. Medications the person is taking.
    D. Pain.
    B. The person's fluid balance.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which therapeutic diet might be ordered for a person who has trouble chewing or swallowing good?
    A. A soft, mechanical or pureed diet
    B. A carbohydrate-controlled diet
    C. A liquid diet
    D. A high-protien diet
    A. A soft, mechanical or pureed diet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The doctor has ordered a meal supplement shake for Mrs. Johnson, to be served between lunch and dinner.  Today when you tell Mrs. Johnson it is time for her shake, she shakes her head and says she does not want it today.  What should you do?
    A. Nothing; it is alright if Mrs. Johnson skips the shake because it might spoil her appetite for dinner.
    B. Record Mrs. Johnson's refusal of the shake in her chart, but do not report it to the nurse.
    C. Report Mrs. Johnson's refusal of the shake to the nurse.
    D. Return the shake to the refrigerator and try offering it to Mrs. Johnson again later.
    C. Report Mrs. Johnson's refusal of the shake to the nurse.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following should you do when assisting with a meal for a person who cannot see?
    A. orient the person to the location of items on the plate and on the table, using the clock face method.
    B. Tell the person loudly what you are feeding him, as you feed it to him.
    C. Make sure all of the liquids on the tray have been thickened.
    D. Insist that the person wear a clothing protector, because he is likely to spill food on himself.
    A. orient the person to the location of items on the plate and on the table, using the clock face method.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Mr. Singer has orders to have his fluid intake measured.  At breakfast, Mr. Singer drinks an 8-oz carton of milk, a glass of orange juice and a cup of coffee.  The glass holds 180 mL and the coffee holds 120 mL.  How much fluid, in mL, did Mr. Singer drink?
    A. 308 ml.
    B. 540 mL
    C. 300 mL
    D. 18 mL
    B. 540 mL
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following is a sign of dehydration?
    A. Confusion
    B. Frequent urination
    C. Swelling in the feet and ankles
    D. Loss of appetite
    A. Confusion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Mrs. Welker is receiving enteral nutrition through a gastronomy tube.  Which of the following actions should the nurse assistant take?
    A. Give Mrs. Welker water by mouth.
    B. Keep Mrs. Welker lying flat for 30 minutes after a tube feeding
    C. Use cotton balls moistened with alcohol to clean around Mrs. Welker's mouth and nose.
    D. Keep the head of the bed elevated for 30 minutes following a tube feeding.
    D. Keep the head of the bed elevated for 30 minutes following a tube feeding.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Nutrition
    The process of taking in and using nutrients
  14. nutrients
    Substances that the body needs to grow, maintain itself and stay healthy
  15. Diet
    The food and beverages a person consumes
  16. Glucose
    The body's most basic source of energy
  17. Fiber
    A substance found in foods that helps the digestive tract function properly and lowers the risk for conditions such as heart disease and diabetes
  18. Calorie
    The unit of measure used to describe the amount of energy a food supplies
  19. Dietitian
    A health care professional who has specialized knowledge and training in the field of nutrition
  20. Appetite
    Desire for food
  21. Anorexia
    Loss of appetite
  22. Nausea
    A sick feeling in the stomach often accompanied by the urge to vomit
  23. Malnutrition
    Failure to take in enough of the right kinds of nutrients to stay healthy
  24. Therapeutic diet
    A special diet ordered to help a person regain or maintain health
  25. Fluid Balance
    Occurs when the amount of fluids a person takes in equals the amount of fluids the person loses.
  26. Dehydration
    Too little fluid in the body
  27. Edema
    Too much fluid in the body

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