Muscles of head neck and trunk

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Author:
miss_bayley
ID:
308529
Filename:
Muscles of head neck and trunk
Updated:
2015-10-10 18:40:20
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human anatomy
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intro and head, neck, and trunk
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  1. tissue that connect a bone to a bone
    ligament
  2. tissue that connects a bone to muscle
    tendon
  3. what are the 3 main tissue types
    • skeletal
    • cardiac 
    • smooth
  4. characteristics of skeletal muscle

    • striated
    • multi nucleated
    • voluntary 
    • somatic
  5. characteristics of cardiac muscle
    • involuntary
    • striated 
    • single nucleus 
    • branched 
    • intercalated discs
  6. characteristics of smooth muscle
    • involuntary 
    • visceral 
    • single nucleus 
    • not striated 
    • fusiform

  7. name? 
    what nerve does it come from? 
    origin? 
    insertion? 
    action?
    • Frontalis muscle 
    • Facial Cranial Nerve 7 
    • Origin: Epicranial aponeurosis
    • Insertion: Skin over forehead
    • Action: Elevates eyebrows and wrinkles skin of forehead
  8. Epicranial aponeurosis


  9. name? what nerve does it come from? origin? insertion? action?
    • Occipitalis Muscle 
    • Facial Cranial Nerve 7 
    • Orgin: Occipital bone
    • Insertion: Cranial aponeurosis
    • Action: pulls the scalp back
  10. name? what nerve does it come from? origin? insertion? action?
    • Muscle:Orbicularis oris
    • Facial Cranial Nerve 7 
    • Action: closes mouth
    • Origin: maxilla and mandible 
    • Insertion: skin around mouth 
    • sphincter muscle
  11. name?  what nerve does it come from?  origin?  insertion?  action?

    • Orbicularis Oculi 
    • Facial CN 7 
    • O:Medial wall of eye orbit 
    • I: Skin surrounding eyelids
    • Action: closes eye
    • sphincter muscle
    • Levator Labii Superioris 
    • Facial CN 7 
    • raises upper lip 
    • O: zygomatic bone/maxilla 
    • I: upper lip
    • zygomaticus major 
    • elevates corner of mouth for smile 
    • facial CN 7 
    • O: zygomatic bone 
    • I: skin at mouth corner
    • zygomaticus minor 
    • facial CN  7 
    • elevates corner of the mouth 
    • O: zygomatic bone 
    • I: skin of upper lip
    • Risiorius muscle 
    • facial CN 7 
    • muscle moves lip laterally 
    • O: deeply associated with masseter 
    • I: Skin at angle of mouth
    • Buccinator muscle 
    • compresses cheek for chewing 
    • facial CN 7 
    • O: alveolar processes 
    • I: orbicularis oris
    • Mentalis muscle 
    • facial CN 7 
    • creates the pout 
    • O: mandible 
    • I:Skin of chin
    • Depressor Labii Inferioris 
    • facial CN 7 
    • pulls lower lip downward 
    • O: mandible
    • I: skin at inferior corner of mouth
    • Platysma muscle 
    • tenses skin in neck 
    • Facial CN 7 
    • O:mandible 
    • I: Sternum
  12. what does mastication mean?
    chewing
    • Masseter 
    • Trigeminal nerve: CN 5 sub 3 
    • elevates and protracts mandible to close jaw 
    • O: Zygomatic arch 
    • I: angle of mandible
    • Temporalis 
    • CN 5 sub 3 
    • elevates and pulls mandible back 
    • O: Temporal bone 
    • I: coronoid process of mandible
    • Medial Pterygoid 
    • CN 5 sub 3 
    • elevates and protracts mandible and creates side to side movement 
    • O: maxilla 
    • I: mandibular ramus
    • Lateral pterygoid 
    • CN 5 sub 3
    • protrudes mandible and helps side to side movement 
    • O: spenoid 
    • I: condylar process of mandible
    • Genioglossus 
    • sticks tongue out 
    • CN 12 hypoglossal nerve 
    • O: mental spine of mandible 
    • I: tongue inferior, hyoid bone
    • Styloglossus 
    • CN 12 hypoglossal nerve 
    • elevates and retracts tongue 
    • O: temporal bone 
    • I: Sides and inferior side of tongue
    • Hypoglossus 
    • CN 12 hypoglossal nerve 
    • depresses and retracts tongue 
    • O: Hyoid bone 
    • I: inferolateral side of tongue
    • Digastric muscle
    • moves mandible downward, elevates hyoid 
    • CN 5 sub 3
    • Stylohyoid muscle
    • elevates hyoid bone (swallowing)
    • CN 7 facial nerve
    • Mylohyoid 
    • elevates hyoid and floor of the mouth 
    • CN 5 sub 3
    • Geniohyoid 
    • CN 7 hypoglossal nerve 
    • elevates hyoid bone 
    • O: temporal bone
    • I: hyoid bone
    • sternohyoid 
    • CN 7 facial nerve
    • depresses hyoid bone, pulls it down  
    • O:sternum manubrium and clavicle 
    • I: hyoid bone
  13. What is CN 7 called
    facial nerve
  14. What is CN 12 called
    hypoglossal nerve
  15. What is CN 5 sub 3 called
    mandibular arch of trigeminal nerve
  16. Sternocleidomastoid muscle

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