Pharmacology Dr brown Ch 11 Disinfectants and Antiseptics

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Kristenwilliams
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308689
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Pharmacology Dr brown Ch 11 Disinfectants and Antiseptics
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2016-11-10 17:50:36
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Disinfectants Antiseptics
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Pharm Dr Brown ch 11
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  1. 2 forms of bacteria and fungi
    • Vegetative form
    • Spore form
  2. 3 factors in selecting appropriate disinfectant agent
    • Type of microorganism
    • Environment
    • Characteristics
  3. Enveloped viruses
    • FIP
    • FeLV
    • Canine distemper
  4. Naked viruses
    • Feline distemper
    • Parvo
  5. Types of disinfectants
    • Phenols
    • Alcohols
    • Quaternary ammonium compounds
    • Halogens
    • Biguanides
  6. Clinical use for Biguanides
    Disinfecting surgicial instruments, anesthetic equipment and kennels
  7. Chemical agents that kill or prevent growth of pathogens on living tissues
    Antiseptics
  8. Antiseptics or disinfectants that reduce the number of microorganisms to a "safe" level
    Sanitizers 

    EX: Soap
  9. Chemical agents that kill or prevent growth on inanimate objects
    Disinfectants
  10. Means "Kill microbial spores"
    Sporicidal
  11. Means "kill protozoa"
    Protozoacidal
  12. Glycocalyx coating over surgical implants that prevents antiseptics from reaching the bacteria
    Biofilm
  13. Means "kill virus"
    Virucidal
  14. Antiseptic or disinfectants that destroy all microorganisms
    Sterilizers 

    EX: Autoclave
  15. Means that something is capable of killing cells
    Cytotoxic
  16. Type of virus that is difficult to kill with most antiseptics
    Naked virus
  17. Means "kills fungi"
    Fungicidal
  18. Antiseptic combined with soap
    Scrub
  19. Antiseptic dissolved in alcohol solution
    Tincture
  20. Means "kills bacteria"
    Bactericidal
  21. One of the most commonly used antiseptic/disinfectant used in vet medicine
    Chlorhexidine
  22. Type of disinfectant commonly found in hand soaps, mouthwash, and lysol. Neurotoxic in humans with prolonged contact.
    Phenols
  23. Common antiseptic found in most surgical scrubs, inactivated by organic material
    Iodine
  24. Effective against naked viruses, potent odor, corrosive.
    Chlorine
  25. Virucidal against enveloped viruses but not naked viruses, inactivated by soaps
    Quartnary ammonium compound
  26. Must remain in contact with site for several minutes to produce bactericidal effect, not effective against parvo
    Alcohol
  27. Active antiseptic ingredient is combined with carrier such as polyvinyl pyrrolidine that releases it over time
    Iodine
  28. Sodium hypochlorite is the ingredient found in most household versions
    Chlorine
  29. Disinfectant used to sterilize equipment that cannot be heat sterilized because of its effectiveness against bacteria the produce biofilm
    Glutaraldehyde
  30. TRUE OR FALSE. Color fast bleaches have chlorine as their active ingredient
    False
  31. TRUE OF FALSE. Microbiostatic agent that is appropriate to disinfect surgery table because they tend to be less corrosive than microbicidal agents
    False
  32. TRUE OR FALSE. Vegetative form of bacteria is more susceptible to disinfectants and antiseptics than the spore form of bacteria
    True
  33. TRUE OR FALSE. Generally applying antiseptic to a surgery site before cleaning the site of dirt and debris is better so the bacteria can be killed
    False
  34. TRUE OR FALSE. Swabbing an injection site and then administering the injection does not provide sufficient antisepsis
    True
  35. TRUE OR FALSE. Phenols are components of common househould cleaners such as Lysol, therefore soaking bird perch or cleaning reptile cage with phenol should be effective.
    True
  36. TRUE OR FALSE. Hexachlorophene and chlorhexidine are similar compounds
    False
  37. TRUE OR FALSE. Ounce per ounce iodophors tend to have less irritation and last longer than free iodine compounds, but dont achieve as high concentrations of iodine.
    True

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