Cell cycle

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Author:
jb124
ID:
308701
Filename:
Cell cycle
Updated:
2015-09-28 20:52:28
Tags:
cell cycle
Folders:
biology
Description:
cell cycle
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  1. what moves the chromatids during mitosis?
    spindle
  2. what anchors the spindle?
    centrioles
  3. what are the four phases of mitosis?
    • prophase
    • metaphase
    • anaphase
    • telophase
  4. how many daughter cells are created from mitosis and cytokinesis?
    2
  5. during what phase does cytokinesis begin?
    telophase
  6. if a human cell has 46 chromosomes, how many chromosomes will be in each daughter cell?
    46
  7. if a dog cell has 72 chromosomes, hwo many daughter cells will be created during a single cell cycle?
    2
  8. each daughter cell (from a dog cell) has how many chromosomes?
    72
  9. nuclear membrane dissolves during what phase?
    prophase
  10. what structure holds the individual chromatids together?
    centromere
  11. what is division of the cell nucleus called?
    mitosis
  12. what is the division of the cytoplasm called?
    cytokinesis
  13. "in-between" period of growth in cell cycle
    interphase
  14. series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
    cell cycle
  15. during which phase do mitosis and cytokinesis take place?
    M phase
  16. during which phase does chromosome replication, or synthesis, take place?
    S phase
  17. period of activity in which cells do most of their growing
    G1
  18. cells increase in size and synthesize new proteins and organelles during which phase?
    G1
  19. many of the organelles and molecules required for cell division are produced during which phase?
    G2
  20. first and longest phase of mitosis, during which chromosomes become visible
    prophase
  21. second phase of mitosis, during which chromosomes line up across the center of the cell
    metaphase
  22. third phase of mitosis, during which the centromeres that join the sister chromatids split, allowing the sister chromatids to separate and become individual chromosomes
    anaphase
  23. fourth and final phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes begin to disperse into a tangle of dense material
    telophase

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