Survey History Vocab
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Possibly the first to discover america
an advanced civilization from around 300-900 AD in central America with densely populated city, calendar, advanced mathematics and astronomy. Succumbed to Toltecs in AD 900.
An empire in middle America/Mexico that took over in place of the Totlecs in around 1200-1325 AD, thriving commerce with gold, silver copper, pearls, agriculture, large emptire with roads and 5 mil + people
also called Incas in South America, large empire 12 million plus people, 20 plus languages, vast empire, road networks, fertile farms and buildings.
native American culture located in the Ohio river valley. Had elaborate burial mounds shaped like animals, hunter gatherers, small, isolated communicated, used an intricate kinship network, elaborate trade network, complex social structure with specialized division of labor.
native American culture centered in the southern Mississippi river valley, flourished between 900 and 1350. Complex patchwork of chiefdom, substantial towns, specialized labor system, effective governmental structure, expansive trading networks, cleared large amounts of land to farm. Succumbed to climate chane and European diseases.
most widespread and best known Southwest tribal culture, had extensive settlements in the “four corners” where AZ, NM, CO, and UT meet. Lack rigid class structure, everyone worked around the same, warfare only for self defense. Drought and pressure of migrating Indians from the north threatened the survival of Anasazi society.
sailed to America in 1492, intending to find faster trade routes, convert Indians, and get gold.
– sailed to America in 1499 – first to call it a new continent. America named after him
Examples of food and plants that were part of the Columbian Exchange
To New World:Diseases like smallpox, measles, scarlet feverHorses, cattle pigsRice, wheat, barley, coffee, sugarcane To Old World:Syphillis, Turkeys, Llamas, Alpacas, Corn, Tobacco, Potatoes, Cacao, Avacados.
American Indian; daughter of Powhatan, an Algonquian chief in Virginia. According to John Smith, she rescued him from death at the hands of her father. In 1612, she was seized as a hostage by the English, and she later married colonist John Rolfe (who planted tobacco).
– a lawyer who established Massachusetts Bay Colony and used it as a refuge for persecuted Puritans.
Anne Hutchinson –
experienced direct revelations from god – banished from massachussets – creates Portsmouth ri
English captain working for the dutch discored area around NY
– Algonquian tribe in Southern New England. Used agriculture system centered on three primary crops: corn, beans, and pumpkins. Pequots were accused of murdering a colonist and were attacked starting a war. However they were annihilated.
Southern tribes - women dominated
founder of PA in 1682 safe for quakers.
- Quakers: christians
- wanted peace, abolish slavery, humane treatment
no patients for religous beliefs, believed god created univese people could dessern with raason, invented some shit
founder of georgia
bidning contract servant
john peter zenger
spoke up against duke of york. encouraged others to speak up fathers
communicated with frenchh played a role in the seven years war.
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