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Pequot Indians fought settlers because of hunting and were nearly wiped out
King Phillips War
- 1.Indian Tribe deiced to fight back against the English upon revolt for them attempting to change the culture
- 2. told under rule of crown
- 3. lasted 3 years killed many colonists
First Lord Baltimore
- George Calvert
- wanted to create a safe place for English Catholics.
- Died before retaining a charter
2nd Lord Baltimore
- Cecilius Calvart
- George Calverts son
- Obtained a charter to maryland
Act of toleration
In 1649 an act concerning religion saying people with different faiths (Christian faiths, not Jews). Could worship as they choose
catholic and very religious colony
Protestants in the colony
Would temporarily take away the act of toleration in maryland and catholic and protestants would constantly fight each other
- Puritans who opposed Charles 1
- took military action in 1642
- 1649 would defeat cavaliers who fought for Charles 1
- Leader of the Round heads
- Would become king and at his passing his son would also become king after his death
Cromwell's son would be unfit and Charles II would take over as king in england
Many people moved to the colonies from Barbados in pursuit for money
- Cash Crop for rice.
- Poorer than the south for lack of good farmland
- Closed the colonies to all goods other than England
- Stipulate that all goods that where shipped to colonies had to come first through England
an attempt to increase the wealth of colonies and the motherland
- Similar to slaves who worked of their freedom in 7 years. would be paid money to start a bussiness.
- Women were expected to marry
why did most Englishmen come to the Americas?
what would land owners start to rely on?
why were Germany and Dutch having trouble getting to the older settlements?
Because England put a restriction on it.
black slaves who were sent to the colonies to do hard labor for the colonies . mostly farming
Difference between slavery and indentured servitude
- slavery was very similar to indentured servitude as slaves would be considered free after a certain amount of years working.
- After a while slavery turned towards a more brutal from.
- Slaves were sometimes also allowed to work their way up the social ladder.
Largest group to come to Americas
Scottish Irish, later were pushed out of the colonies and into Indian territory
What would the English do with the slave trade?
They would create a monopoly and would fix profits.
Virginia Slave Law 1662
- Law stated that whether a slave was free or un-free would follow the status of the Child Mother.
- gave a sexual advantage to white men over black female slaves.
African Culture and Religion
African Culture and Religion would not be extinguished through slavery. Ethnic diversity would be recognized.
- many believed that community was in decline because of lack of good deeds.
- this and the great awakening gave in to a new type of preaching
- argued the there was a god who created the world but was not involved in life. After he created the world he left it for Enlightened men to rule.
- Both Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin were deists
- America had such great religious diversity Anglicans protestants all believed they were tied to the same faith
- opened up the belief that the bible could be interpreted in many different ways
george whitfeild and john Charles
where very important to the development of the great awakening came up with methodism and the great awakening. was one of the most popular preachers ever.
Education in Colonies
Wanted to teach people to read and write so they could interpret the bible.
First college in History
Conditions of New England
cool climate and people tended to live longer and sickness did not travel as fast.
Life in New England compared to Life in Virginia
- Lower Mortality Rate (New England)
- greater life expectancy (New England)
- Less intermarriage Sexual relations (New England)
- Less chance of women being widowed Early (New England)
indians from south america (south mexico)
indian tribe from southern america
most powerful nation for exploration
- Also know as the boubonic plague
- 1/3 of europes population was wiped out.
- killed more people than any other war
- stunted the growth of europe
- 150 years later population started to rebound
why were monarchies forced to increase trade
how did trade take place befor faster routes where found?
who found the fastest way from europe to china
Portrugal found the fastest way by accident with Christopher Columbus
Molly Munsa Mussy
- Richest man in all of human history
- travled through the desert
- Gold lost its value for 25 years in Egypt because he spent so much money
- started sailing with the protruguez
- tired to find the quickest way from Europe to china and landed in the Americas by accident.
How did Christopher Columbus describe the Indians
- non religious
- good servants
- he wanted to bring some back to the homelands
primary disease that killed indians
conquistador who found the incans and their riches
ordinance of discovery
banned the most brutal form of conquest
spanish gold discovery
quickly resulted in spain becoming the most wealthy country
- led a revolt in 1680 that killed many europeans.
- After a while the Spanish crushed the revolt
- The most deadly disease
- aided in the conquer of the indians
3 major empires of africa
when did the plymouth company would make a failed attempt to establish a company established Jamestown named after King James I
reasoning for the colonist movement towards the americas
mainly financial but had little to do with religiouse strife contrary to popular belief.
De La Warr
- sent to the colony as a governor
- Harsh discipline to those who did not work
Hard time in Jamestown. Some had to resort to eating the flesh of the dead
saved Jamestown from starvation by raiding indians for food
- 50 acres of land are granted to people who pay their way over form england
- Encouraged people to go to virginia
- 100 women were brought over and purchased for tobacco to serve as wives
- Note* slaves would also be purchased with tobacco
House of Burgess
First government in the colonies
what year would slaves arrive in virginia
- revolted against John Smith
- They would take pocohauntas.
- in virginia
- powhatan massacre
Powhatans daughter and would marry john rolf
Powhatan massacre of 1622
- killed 347
- would be defeated and wiped out by 1644
- in virginia
- Berkly was governer
- Nathanial Bacon
- Wanted more land
- invaded Jamestown 2 times. burned down jamestown the 2nd time
Glouchester County Conspiracy
Uncovered due to betrayal of one of their own. were all hung
- 1620 pilgrims would be put on a ship called the mayflower.
- first winter was very difficult for the pilgrims
Differences in the North and South Economies
- South- Rich Soil- Cash Crops
- North-Poorer land- used agriculture but did not depend on it like the south did.
- North- other industries
- Southern Colonies where all agricultural and the fluctuations in price could easily devastate a season worth of crops
- North Economy-diversified
- South Economy- Non diversified
- Sugar Cotton and Tobacco to EUROPE
- textiles, Rum, and Manufactured good to AFRICA
- slaves to the colonies America
- purchase of overpriced luxury goods that show wealth and were designed to move people up the social scale
- Note * English also bought english clothes to better fit in
Neglection of the colonies
- trade slowed down
- Did not see how adding rules and regulations for the colonies would help anything since they were so self governed.
- nobody in parliament to negotiate for the colonies, hence taxation without representation
- England thought they had better control over the colonies but proved them self to be wrong gave the idea of freedom from the British.
Fought for Charles the 1 in the English civil war 1642-1649
- -Plymoth plantation colony
- -founded by seperatist
- -Established Government in the Mayflower Compact
- -first pilgrims
Disease for Pilgrims/ and Malnutrition
- Would desimate all groups including Indians and pilgrims
- Half the Colony would perish
Plymouth relationship with Indians
Signifigantly better than Virginias
How did the Pilgrims relationship with the Indians begin to decline?
- Pilgrims would over-hunt the animal population
- Later generations would attempt to get them to convert
What was the most important crop for Indians and pilgrims?
New England Economy
Farmland would not be as good with the pilgrims so they would also have to rely on industrial goods to support their colonies
New England Health
New England was a very bodily friendly place because the weather allowed for less disease and more sterile practices
Would be known as a tyrant in England and would even later disolve parliment for 11 years and would be beheaded
First Governer of Massachussetes
17 ships 1000 people (mostly families) would be the largest migration ever
Would be created by Puritans
a government shaped by religion
- Spirtitual leader
- Her strong religious convictions were at odds with the established Puritan clergy
- Banned and moved to Rhode Island
- English captain that the british would sail under
- Had a similar mission to columbus which was find a quicker route to asia
Spain in America
While the English would be settleing new colonies Spain would be setting up trading posts and military bases
4 groups of religion
who was the Anglican Church created by?
King Henry VIII
Limited supply of rescources in the world and that they must obtain and sell as many of those Rescources as possible
- Immigrants came to settle from over seas
- Pushed England to explore outside of the borders
- English would also attempt to colonize Ireland
- oldest french Colony
- Had good relations with Indians
Established the New Netherlands and also would establish New Amsterdam (Present day, New York)
1st Permanent English Settlement
Who had the most powerful Armada
Spain (Spanish Armada)
Sir Francis Drake
Inspired Confidence in New England after defeating the Spanish armada
Phillip II of Spain
- wanted to invade England and reimpose Catholocism
- Arranged the larges attack on Europe
- However was beaten by Englands smaller Navy
- Inspired England to colonize in the Americas
Sir Humphy Gilbert and Walter Raleigh
- queen Elizabeth granted them a charter to colonize there for 6 years
- also had right to claim land not claimed already by non christians
- Founded Virginia but was not allowed to go back. would get money from private investors and establish roanoke
- Also known as the Lost Colony would dissapear as the last shipment of supplies would come in
- Founded by Sir Walter Raleigh
- unknown as to what happend
would bare the first English Child in the roanoke colony
Sir Walter Raleigh
- after 2 failed attempts at establishing a colony he would give up and spend 10 years in prison
- was later executed ending generous grants to civilians.
- A plan to create a centralized government
- Included a president and a congress
- Plan was rejected because colonies did not want a central taxing authority
French relationships with Indians and controlled land
- Good relationship with Indians
- and controlled Ms Valley
3 Conflicts with French and English
- King Williams War
- Queen Annes war
- King Georges War
King Williams WAR
- 1789 TO 1797
- small war between French and English
Queen Annes War
France would lose territory in Canada
100 years war
- Between French and English
- lasted 116 years
French and Indian War
- War with the British
- Would use the colonists help in defeating he French
Phase 1 of French and Indian War
- Surrender of Fort Necessity
- Assult on Fort Duquesne
- French had support of alll indians except iriquois who were passive supporter of England
Phase II of the French and Indian War
- dBeginning of 7 years war in England
- Primary concern was living he french out of North America
- British take over management in the colonies
- Tried to forcebley enlist colonists to join the army (impressment)
Forcebly enlisting men into he army
- Reveal of British Policy
- Treaty of Paris
Consuquesnces of the French and Indian War
- A record of brutality
- increased territory
- massive debt
- British resentment of the colonies
- American resentment of great Britain
After the war British went into massive debt because of it. Why did the British resent the colonists?
- Believed Militias in war were not skilled.
- Believed England paid for colonist protection instead of colonist paying for it.
- Colonies continued to sell good the the other side
King George III
- not sure how to rule colonists
- thought aquisition of land could be profitable
- Prime Minister appointed by King George III.
- offended the colonist by taxing them unncecessarily
Proclamation of 1763
- Dividing line to assure another war would not kick off. that separated colonies and the west
- Colonist saw this as rude and they were oppressed
George Greenville raised taxes because there needed to be more control
- Colony defied the proclamation of 1763 and created Kentucky even though the lad was already inhabited by the Shawnee
- were worried about the tribes banning together.
Sugar Act 1764
adjusted the tax of molasses and sugar. embedded in that act was the ability to use military court after smuggleing
Stopped colonies form making and distributing their own money
put troops in the colonies
Stamp act of 1765
put a tax on every paper document including playing cards
Said GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH
ending of greenvilles job
colonists would attack tax collectors and that would be the end of Greenvilles carreer. Beleived there would be a revolution if they did not do this
- took over for Greenville
- would repeal the stamp act
repealed the stamp acts and took away from the declatory acts but at the same time said the the colonies were subordinate to parliment
- replace Rockingham
- reimbursed the colonists for his soldiers being quartered in their houses.
- made the quartering acts "mutiny act"
- after new York and Massachusetts refused he would dissolve new Yorks government as punishment
- taxed a large variety of things
- colonists were outraged and boycotted English goods
- Townshends successor would repeal all the taxes except the one on tea
Crowd was becoming more out of control and British soldiers lined up and fired upon English colonists killing 5
ideological origins of the American Revolution
- Belevied america was the freest place on earth and had to protect that
- movement towards revolution would quicken after the events such as he massacre
The Boston Tea Party
150 men dressed as Indians dumped tea into the harbour
The coercive intolerable acts
- Closed boston Harbour
- Reduced power of government in massachussettes
- Said that English soldiers would be tried in england
allowed the french to self govern themselves
formation of continental congress
- assembly of members from each colony
- put togetther a list of problems
- and still prepared for war
- In 1775 the prime minister took a look and wanted to try to work together again however by the time he sent it the war had already started.
Lexington and concord
Revolutionary war officially starts here
first man killed in Boston massacre
Start of the Revolutinary war