The 13 colonies
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founded 1607 Jamestown. Was an “explicit religious mission” to help convert Native Americans to PROTESTANTISM, but also wanted to help England to become a world power. Run by Virginia company. Had lucrative trade with Indians. Lured investors with promise of free land after seven years of labor Economy struggled until Tobacco Anglican – Church of England Location of the bacon rebellion
1620 Settlers “pilgrims” were a group of radical Puritans, the Separatists. They said the Church of England was still to close to the Catholic church. They believed the Church of England could not be fixed and made their own Godly Congregations They were hated in England so that’s why they came to the New World. Mayflower compact: would follow laws set by leaders Not prepared upon arrivalEconomy: Small family farms, fur trade, marine products
Council of New England granted Captain John Mason the territory of New Hampshire in 1629. Settlement created by John Wheelwright However, it was taken over by Massachusetts in the early 1640s. Puritan?
Massachusetts (Massachusetts Bay) – 1629-1630
Founded by Massachusetts Bay Company in 1629 –by John Winthrop Puritains, Nonsepearting Congregationalists. Hoped to reform (“purify”) the Church of England from within. Governed locally Wanted to be a “model Christian society” Focused on stability, against democracy No dissenters: Catholics, Anglicans, Quakers, Baptists, etc not allowed and would be punished. Very successful
1633-1636 English came south from Massachusetts Three congregations traveled from Massachusetts bay to Connecticut “Christian commonwealth” like Massachusetts but non church members could vote. Ruled according to the “word of god” Governed by religious elite Small agriculture, not much slave labor
Roger Williams 1636 Founded by Roger Williams in 1636 when he was persecuted in Massachusetts bay for “dangerous opinions” then fled. Place of religious tolerance Separation of Church and Government Good native relationshipsSelf – rule, very democratic
founded 1634, neighbor settlement to Virginia First proprietary colony – owned by Sir George Calvert , founded by Cecilius Calvert Refuge for Catholics Prospered because of tobacco and easy access to shipping Made peace with native Americans
Established by Dutch East India Company Discovered by English captain Henry Hudson. Purchased Manhattan in 1626 No real religion Focused on profits and freedoms (esp. fur trade), embraced free enterprise and ethnic and religious pluralism Governed by aristocrats sent out by the Dutch West Indian Company Residents were not loyal to government, and in 1664 was taken over by English.
1660 Originally possessed by Dutch, then English took over. Duke of York granted the land to George Carteret and Lord John Berkley, and split into east and west in 1676 Proprietary colony Many ethnic groups as well as Quakers 1702 reunited as the single royal colony of New Jersey
Primarily a place for the settlement and refuge of Quakers Before Quakers were primarily concentrated in West Jersey, slowly moved over east towards the Delaware river to what came to be the colony of Pennsylvania Offered religious liberty, tolerance, and diversity Quakers: called society of Friends Good relationships with the Indians Mainly farming based economy More democratic than other colonies, Quaker values.
1684/1704 In addition to granting Penn the area of Pennsylvania, the Duke of York also grated him Delaware (former dutch territory_ Was initially part of Pennsylvania, but after 1704 was granted the right to choose its own assembly. Quaker sect with Anglicans in lower counties Beaver pelts, fish Closely tied to Pennsylvania Women played a greater role -> religious roles
1663 Awarded to eight prominent allies, who became lords proprietors (owners) of the region North: more neglected, scattering of farmers South: attempted replication of the West African sugar-plantation system based off of slave labor Gov’t based off of “the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina,” which was not very effective except it helped encourage large land grants. Religious toleration than all other colonies except Rhode Island and Pennsylvania. Heavy trading with Indians in order to raise capital for S. Carolina’s development. Slaves were used due to the heavy labor associated in setting up and running plantations.
1733 Land was given by King to twenty-one trustees of Georgia. Set up as a philanthropic experiment and a military buffer against Spanish Florida There were restrictions on landholding, importing slaves, and against rum. Some were widely disregarded and abandoned. Head: James E. Oglethorpe Philanthropic experiment failed, as well as silk and wine production. After restrictions were lifted, it became a successful colony…around 1759-1763 Exports: rice, indigo, lumber, beef, and pork Lively trade with the West Indies
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