NASM The Essentials of Corrective Exercise Training

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  1. Static Malalignments may alter what?
    Normal Length-Tension relationships.
  2. Common static malalignments include?
    Hypomobility and myofascial adhesions.
  3. Hypomobility and myofascial adhesion and lead to or cause?
    Poor static posture.
  4. Hypomobility is also known as?
    Joint dysfunction
  5. When of the most common causes of pain in an individual is?
    Joint dysfunction  (Hypomobility)
  6. Joint dysfunction is also known as?
  7. Once a joint has lost its normal arthrokindmatics, what happens?
    The muscles around that joint spasm and tighten in an attempt to minimize the stress at the involved segment.
  8. When certain muscles became tight it?
    Alter Force couple relationship.
  9. When certain muscles become overactive it?
    Alters Force-couple relationships.
  10. When the muscles around the joint become tight and overactive its to:
    Prevent movement and further injury.
  11. When the muscles become tight and overactive to prevent movement and further injuries this process initiates?
    The cumulative injury cycle.
  12. A joint dysfunction causes what in it proper order?
    • Altered length-tension relationships.
    • normal force couple relationships  
    • normal movement patterns
    • structure and functional inefficiency
  13. The Process whereby tight muscles (short, overactive, myofascial adhesions) causes decreased neural drive, and therefore optimal recruitment of its functional antagonist. this is referring to:
    Altered reciprocal inhibition
  14. Static malalignments (altered length- tension relationships resulting from poor static posturer, joint dysfunction, and myofascial adhesions) may lead to altered muscle recruitment patterns (altered forced-couple relationships) this is caused by:
    Altered reciprocal inhibition.
  15. This process alters the normal force-couple relationships that should be present at all the segments throughout the HMS? the is referring to:
    Altered reciprocal inhibition.
  16. Altered reciprocal inhibition can lead to what?
    Synergistic dominance.
  17. The process by which a synergist compensates for a prime mover to maintain force production. this is referring to:
    Synergistic dominance.
  18. A Tight psoas does what ?
    Decreases the neural drive and therefore optimum recruitment of the gluteus maximus.
  19. The altered recruitment and force production of the gluteus maximus (prime mover for the hip extension) leads to what?
    Compensation and substitution by the synergists (hamstrings) and stabilizers (erector spinae).
  20. What can potentially lead to hamstring strains and low-back pain?
    Tight psoas decreasing the neural drive of the gluteus maximus altering the force production for hip extension, leading to compensation and substitution by the synergistic hamstring and erector spina.
  21. If clients has a weak gluteus medius then?
    The synergists (tensor fascia latae, abductor complex, and quadratus lumborum) becomes synergistically dominant to compensate for weakness.
  22. Altered muscle recruitment pattern further alters what listed in its proper order:
    Static alignment (normal joint alignment and normal length-tension relationships around the joints to which the muscle attach) and leads to injury.
  23. Usually characterized by excessive foot pronation (flat feet), increased knee vagus (tibia internally rotated and femur internally rotated and knock-kneed), and increased movement at the LPHC (extension of Flexion) during functional movements. this is referring to :
    lower extremity movement impairment syndrome.
  24. Tightened of overactive muscles of the lower extremity movement syndrome include? there are 8
    • Peroneals
    • lateral gastrocnemius
    • Soleus
    • iliotibal band
    • lateral hamstrings complex
    • Adductor comples
    • Psoas
  25. Weakened or inhibited Muscles of the lower extremity movement syndrome include? there are 10
    • Posterior Tibialis
    • Flexor digitorum longus
    • Flexor halluces longus
    • Anterior tibialis
    • Vastus medialis
    • Pes anserine complex (Sartorius gracilis semitiendinosus) 
    • Glutdus medius
    • Hip external rotators
    • Gluteus maximus
    • Local stabilizers of the LPHC
  26. Joint dysfunction of the lower extremity movement syndrome include? there are 6
    • First metatarso-phalangeal joint
    • Subtalar joint
    • Talocrural joint
    • Proximal tibiofibular joint
    • Sacroiliac joint
    • lumbar facet joint
  27. Lower extremity movement syndrome typically exhibit predictable patterns of injury which are.
    • Planter Fascitits
    • Posterior tibialis tendinitis (shin splints)
    • Anterior knee pain
    • Lower back pain
  28. Usually characterized as having rounded shoulder and a forward head posture or improper scapulothoracic or glenohumeral kinematics during functional movement, this is referring to:
    Upper extremity movement impairment syndrome.
  29. This pattern is common in individuals who sit for extended periods of time or who develop pattern overload
    ex: Throwing continual bench pressing and swimming.
    This referring to:
    Upper extremity movement impairment syndrome.
  30. Tightened or Overactive muscles of the upper extremity movement syndrome include? there are 11
    • Pectoralis major
    • Pectoralis minor
    • Anterior deltoid
    • Subscapularis
    • Latissimus dorsi
    • Levator scapulae
    • Upper trapezius
    • Teres major
    • Sternocliedomastoid
    • Scaleness
    • Rectus capitis
  31. Weakened or inhibited muscles of the upper extremity movement syndrome include? there are 8
    • Rhomboids
    • Lower trapezius
    • Posterior deltoid
    • Teres minor
    • Infraspinatus
    • Serratus anterior
    • Longus colli
    • Longus capitis
  32. Joint dysfunction of the upper extremity movement syndrome include? there are 3?
    • Sternoclavicular Joint
    • Acromioclavicular joint
    • Thoracic and cervical facet joints
  33. Upper extremity movement syndrome typically exhibit predictable patterns of injury which are? there are 5?
    • Rotator Cuff impingement
    • Shoulder instability
    • Biceps tendinitis
    • Thoracic outlet syndrome
    • Headaches
Card Set:
NASM The Essentials of Corrective Exercise Training
2015-10-04 14:26:03
understanding Human movement impairments Part two

Understanding Human movement impairments Part 2
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