Western Civ I (Week 3b)

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lanzer2
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308962
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Western Civ I (Week 3b)
Updated:
2015-10-04 04:36:57
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Western Civilization
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Western Civ I (Week 3b)
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  1. Religion in the Roman Empire – Early Christianity
    • The Apostolic Church
    • The Sacrments
    • Persecution
  2. GOSPEL
    • “good news”
    • regarding their belief in the risen Jesus and the coming Kingdom of God.
  3. PAUL OF TARSUS (d. ca. AD 64)
    • aka St. Paul
    • brought the Gospel to the “Gentiles” the Roman Empire’s non-Jews.
    • 3 missionary trips throughout Greek east with many converts
    • originally hated early Christian movement, but had a vision
  4. Sacraments
    BAPTISM and The EUCHARIST
  5. BAPTISM
    • the rite of initiation by immersing a person in water
    • represented "cleansing of sin"
  6. THE EUCHARIST
    • Sacred meal of Bread and Wine
    • Represented Body and Blood of Christ
  7. MARTYRS
    Christians who died as “witnesses” for their faith
  8. Blandina
    • Martyr, slave in Gaul
    • Romans had a tough time getting rid of her
  9. The Great Persecution
    • happened during Emperpor Diocletians reign
    • Christians executed by the state
    • Churches Destroyed
    • Clergy Imprisioned
    • Books confiscated
  10. EMPEROR CONSTANTINE THE GREAT
    • became first Christian Roman Emperor
    • “Christianization” of Rome
    • Persecutions ended
    • Battle of the Milivian Bridge
    • labarum, early Christian symbol attached to military standards
    • Edict of Milan - demanded toleration for Christians
    • Balisca of St. Peter
  11. heretics
    • those who believed the “wrong things” according to Christian orthodoxy
    • THE GNOSTICS and the Arians
  12. THE GNOSTICS
    • heretics
    • believed that creation was bad and had been made by an evil god.
    • salvation came through gnosis, “mystical illumination,” or “knowledge,” about the “divine spark
    • trapped withi the "prison" of the human body
    • Gospels of Thomas, Judas, and Mary
  13. orthodoxy
    Catholics, believed creation was good and made by the one God
  14. COUNCIL OF NICAEA
    • Constantine's appointed council
    • Christ was of the same “essence” as God the Father, and Arianism was condemned.
  15. TRINITY
    • God exists as “one substance” and “three persons,” namely the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
    • Council of Constantinople
  16. Church Fathers
    • Jerome - Translated Bible into Latin, VULGATE, became the Roman Church’s official Bible
    • AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO (354-430), wrote Confessions and The City of God

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