history quiz 1

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history quiz 1
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2015-10-05 23:43:09
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  1. Most migrants to seventeenth-century New England came out of the poorer reaches of English society.
    F
  2. The English "enclosure" movement of the 1500s and 1600s forced small farmers off "commons" land so that the land could be taken up by:
    sheep
  3. Because Puritan Massachusetts was deeply religious, ministers were frequently elected to colonial offices.
    F
  4. The Mayflower Compact of 1620 asserted that:
    just and equal laws made by male representatives onboard were to rule.
  5. Among the problems facing the early settlers of Jamestown colony were:
    high rates of death and disease.
  6. A "visible saint" was the term Puritans used to describe:
    a person who had experienced divine grace, often during a lightning storm.
  7. Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?
    Mayflower Compact; trial of Anne Hutchinson; Half-Way Covenant
  8. The typical seventeenth-century woman in New England gave birth seven times.
    T
  9. In Puritan Massachusetts, "visible saint" was a term used to describe people of outstanding kindness and generosity.
    F
  10. At the end of their period of indenture, indentured servants were often given "freedom dues" and became free members of society.
    T
  11. The first permanent English settlement in the area now known as the United States was at:
    Jamestown, Virginia.
  12. John Rolfe married Powhatan's daughter.
    T
  13. New England quickly developed into a land of large plantations and landless servants.
    F
  14. Cecilius Calvert envisioned Maryland as a refuge for:
    catholics
  15. Who was the most prominent Native American leader in the original area of English settlement in Virginia?
    Powhatan
  16. Which of the following was not a significant trend of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century English society?
    the elimination of gender hierarchies
  17. In the religious view of the Puritans, you would get to heaven if:
    God predestined you to heaven or hell; no earthly act could change that.
  18. The "Rights of Englishmen" were established in the Magna Carta.
    T
  19. Which was not a characteristic of Roger Williams's Rhode Island colony?
    It required citizens to attend church.
  20. In Puritan New England, a husband's authority in his house was nearly absolute; genuine freedom for a woman was understood to come from her subjection to her husband's will and desires.
    T
  21. Which of the following was not a significant outcome of the start of Chesapeake tobacco cultivation?
    campaigns to discourage migration by English women, who, it was feared, would distract male Virginians from their work in the fields
  22. Colonial Virginia's economic substitute for gold was:
    tobacco.
  23. Seventeenth-century Maryland stood out for its system of absolute rule, but also for its practice of religious toleration.
    T
  24. Because Jamestown was settled next to a malarial swamp, many settlers died.
    T
  25. Intermarriage between Indians and English settlers was common.
    F
  26. The Aztecs lived in a peaceful, nonviolent society.
    F
  27. Prior to 1800, the largest settled community in what is now the United States was:
    cahokia
  28. When the author, Eric Foner, uses the term "unfree labor," he refers to those persons who were performing work, not for free as volunteers, but for wages.
    F
  29. Approximately 10 million men, women, and children came from the Old World to the New World between 1492 and 1820.
    T
  30. Most Indian tribes were matrilineal.
    T
  31. Horses, cows, pigs, and sheep were unknown to the Americas until Europeans brought them there.
    T
  32. Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?
    Cortés's conquest of the Aztecs; Las Casas's Destruction of the Indies; Spanish abolition of Indian enslavement
  33. At the time of first contact with the Europeans, perhaps 12 million people lived in the Inca kingdom.
    T
  34. Which was not a characteristic of "coverture"?
    Children became the property of the state upon a husband's death.
  35. Which of the following was not a notable feature of sixteenth-century Spanish America?
    The Spanish crown took little interest in the administration of colonial affairs.
  36. Which of the following was not a prominent cultural belief among Indian societies of North America?
    Only holders of property should take part in tribal governance.
  37. The chief goal of fifteenth-century Portuguese expansion was:
    the establishment of a trading empire in Asia.
  38. Who were the mestizos?
    persons of mixed Spanish and Indian origin
  39. Small-scale slavery in which Indians enslaved other Indians existed in Indian society.
    T
  40. Which was not a characteristic of American Indians?
    There were four different tribes in the Americas.
  41. Which was not expressed by Bartolomé de Las Casas in A Very Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indes in 1552?
    _______
  42. The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 was swiftly crushed by Spanish authorities. believed that Indians ought to be allowed to continue to practice their native faiths as a true sign of Christian love and toleration.
  43. The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 was swiftly crushed by Spanish authorities.
    F
  44. Spanish settlers in the New World comprised a mix of laborers, soldiers, priests, bureaucrats, craftsmen, and professionals.
    T
  45. Europeans in the 1500s held firmly to the view that all men are created equal.
    F
  46. To justify their colonial ventures, Spain invoked the threat of Protestantism.
    T
  47. Of the 10 million people who crossed the Atlantic Ocean to settle in the Americas in the 328 years from 1492 to 1820, most were white Europeans.
    F
  48. Before Europeans arrived in the New World, Native Americans were without extensive trading networks, irrigation systems, or large cities.
    F
  49. Little contact existed among the diverse Indian societies of North America.
    F
  50. Most European men in the 1500s owned property and could vote.
    F
  51. Which is not an achievement of the Indians of North America in the thousands of years before Columbus's arrival?
    People in present-day Arizona constructed a large circle of red-earthen boulders.
  52. Africans enslaved other Africans long before the arrival of European traders.
    T
  53. In 1493, the Catholic pope, Alexander VI, divided all the Americas between Spain and Britain.
    F
  54. The reconquista was the reconquest of Spain from the Moors.
    t
  55. Between 1492 and 1820, approximately 20 million African slaves came from the Old World to the New World.
    F
  56. In European exploration, conquest, and colonization of the New World after 1492, all of the following were true except:
    Europeans brought with them a broad-ranging tolerance for others' viewpoints; kindness and tolerance being the mark of civilized peoples.
  57. The freedom of a Christian man or woman meant/means:
    subservience, submission, and servitude to God.
  58. At the time of first contact between Europeans and Native Americans, Native Americans had not developed:
    wheeled transportation.
  59. In the 1500s and 1600s, the Spanish in Central and South America relied on many of which of the following groups to work fields and mines?
    indians
  60. A strong immunity to European diseases strengthened Indian resistance to the conquistadors.
    F
  61. The reconquista happened in what year?
    1492
  62. Which was not a means by which Cortés conquered the Aztecs?
    He bombarded the Aztec capital from his Spanish galleons.
  63. After four trips across the Atlantic, Columbus recognized he had not reached Asia
    F
  64. In the Spanish colonies, race and class were not important.
    F
  65. At the time of Portugal's Atlantic exploration, the economies of West Africa were organized chiefly around slavery.
    F
  66. Which of the following European countries did not have a colonial presence in seventeenth-century North America?
    germany
  67. A significant outcome of the Portuguese arrival in West Africa was:
    expansion of Africa's internal slave trade.
  68. In which country did the reconquista occur?
    spain
  69. The oldest site in the present-day United States to be continuously inhabited by Europeans is:
    St. Augustine, Florida.
  70. Which was not an aspect of Native American religious beliefs?
    Their written religious text was called the Wicca.
  71. Who were the peninsulares?
    persons with european birth
  72. In 1537, Pope Paul III decreed Indian slavery ended, but not African slavery.
    T
  73. The transatlantic voyages of Columbus were sponsored by Spain, which had just achieved its own territorial unification.
    T
  74. In 1492, the population of Europe was greater than that of the Americas.
    F
  75. When Columbus first sailed to America in 1492, Christian Europe was entirely Catholic; twenty-five years later, following Martin Luther's 95 Theses, the Protestant Reformation had begun, and Europe was thrown into more than 100 years of Christian religious wars.
    T
  76. Which of the following was not a significant motivation behind European colonization in the New World?
    the spread of democracy to the Americas
  77. On the eve of colonization of the Americas, freedom in Europe was framed in hierarchical, top-down terms, with each level of society enjoying its own degree of freedom.
    T
  78. During the Pueblo Revolt, which of the following names were ordered to never be spoken again?
    mary
  79. Which of these crops did not form the basis of Native American agriculture?
    wheat
  80. Which of the following was a characteristic or action of the Zuni Indians of the Southwest?
    The peak of their culture and population occurred about the years 900 to 1200.
  81. Which of the following was not a feature of Native American civilization prior to the voyages of Columbus?
    Large cities were unknown to the Americas.
  82. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, all European nations had established churches, and religious wars between nations (and sometimes within them) were fierce.
    T
  83. Perhaps 80 million Native Americans died in the century and a half following first contact in consequence of diseases carried by Europeans.
    T
  84. The first African slaves were transported to the New World in what year?
    1502
  85. New Netherland extended all the way down from Quebec to the lower Mississippi Valley.
    F
  86. 80QS from ch 2
  87. Britons and colonists tended to regard themselves as the freest people in the world.
    T
  88. During the Great Awakening of the eighteenth century, most colonial slaveowners who proclaimed their Christian faith freed their slaves after concluding that blacks and whites were brothers in Christ.
    F
  89. During the 1700s, voting in the colonies was restricted to:
    men who owned property.
  90. Which was not a part of "republicanism"—the central element in the British ideology of liberty—in the eighteenth century?
    the view that Lockean liberalism was essential to the good society
  91. Which of the following was not a defining feature of the Great Awakening?
    an insistence that one's spiritual destiny—be it salvation or damnation—could not be affected by one's actions in life
  92. George Washington, a British soldier, was forced to surrender at Fort Necessity in Pennsylvania after he lost a third of his men in an ill-conceived effort to fight a larger French and Indian force.
    T
  93. During the first half of the eighteenth century, British "salutary neglect":
    left the colonies to largely govern themselves.
  94. Father Junipero Serra founded the first Catholic mission in 1769 at:
    San Diego.
  95. As Britain's global power expanded, British patriotism actually declined.
    F
  96. Indians who lived in the Catholic missions established by Father Junipero Serra in California generally lived happy, healthy, free, and long lives.
    F
  97. In eighteenth-century Britain, the ideologies of "republicanism" and "liberalism" both underscored the importance of private property as a foundation of freedom.
    T
  98. Belief that God withdrew after creating the world, leaving it to function according to scientific laws, and that study of nature, rather than worship in organized churches, is the best form of religious devotion is called:
    Deism.
  99. The Great Awakening principally awakened (or re-awakened) colonists to faith in Christianity, and it also, by calling people to read the Bible and think about it for themselves, had the effect of encouraging colonists to assert their right to independent judgment. This independence of thought had important implications for the development of the view that people no longer needed to listen to authorities, but could democratically assert their own views in politics.
    T
  100. Slaves killed nine whites in a 1712 slave uprising in:
    New York City.
  101. During the course of the 1700s, the colonies increasingly grew apart from the British empire.
    F
  102. The main crop worked by the "task" system in eighteenth-century South Carolina was:
    rice
  103. In Jonathan Edwards's view, what was a sinner's only hope?
    a "new birth" in which they became devout Christians
  104. England and Scotland were united in 1707 by the Act of Union to create Great Britain.
    F
  105. The Great Awakening was a religious movement that called colonists to awaken to the truth of the divinity of Jesus Christ.
    T
  106. In the eighteenth century, the British Constitution—the unwritten groundwork of British freedom—celebrated all except:
    the right for all men to vote.
  107. Which of the following was not a significant effect of the Seven Years' War?
    an easing of frontier tensions between British colonists and Indians
  108. "Cheap imported textiles undermined traditional craft production, while guns encouraged the further growth of slavery" in Africa, writes Eric Foner. Define "textiles."
    cloth
  109. British governance of colonial America during the first half of the eighteenth century was shaped by a policy of:
    "salutary neglect."
  110. Founded in 1727, the Junto was:
    a club that discussed literature, philosophy, science, and politics.
  111. Which was not true of the Middle Passage?
    Seventy percent of slaves were destined for North America.
  112. The Proclamation Line of 1763:
    prohibited further colonial settlement west of the Appalachian mountains.
  113. Which of the following was not an important trend in colonial politics during the first half of the 1700s?
    elimination of property qualifications for voting and officeholding
  114. The military outposts established by the Spanish in California and New Mexico were called:
    presidios.
  115. Mexico won independence from Spain in 1821.
    T
  116. The country whose trading posts ringed British mainland colonies to the North and West in the eighteenth century was:
    • france
    • 30qs of ch4
  117. As a consequence of British victory in the Seven Years' War, Britain not only won control of Canada but also gained control of India.
    T
  118. Britons and colonists tended to regard themselves as the freest people in the world.
    T
  119. British governance of colonial America during the first half of the eighteenth century was shaped by a policy of:
    saultry neglect
  120. Which of the following was not an important trend in colonial politics during the first half of the 1700s?
    elimination of property qualifications for voting and officeholding
  121. The Stono Rebellion in South Carolina:
    slave revolt
  122. By the eighteenth century, northern colonies were free of slavery.
    F
  123. Freedom and slavery simultaneously expanded in the course of the eighteenth century as both the idea of the freeborn Englishman grew and the Atlantic slave trade expanded.
    T
  124. In eighteenth-century Britain, the ideologies of "republicanism" and "liberalism" both underscored the importance of private property as a foundation of freedom.
    T
  125. Which was not true of the Middle Passage?
    Seventy percent of slaves were destined for North America.
  126. Which was not a part of "republicanism"—the central element in the British ideology of liberty—in the eighteenth century?
    the view that Lockean liberalism was essential to the good society
  127. The Seven Years' War (called the French and Indian War in the colonies) was fought between:
    british andfrench
  128. The Proclamation Line of 1763:
    prohibited further colonial settlement west of the Appalachian mountains
  129. Mexico won independence from Spain in 1821.
    T
  130. The exchange of goods among Spanish colonists, French colonists, and Indians in North America was known as the "triangular trade."
    F
  131. By the middle of the eighteenth century, most elections were fiercely contested throughout the American colonies.
    f
  132. Cheap imported textiles undermined traditional craft production, while guns encouraged the further growth of slavery" in Africa, writes Eric Foner. Define "textiles."
    cloth
  133. Which of the following was not a defining feature of the Great Awakening?
    an insistence that one's spiritual destiny—be it salvation or damnation—could not be affected by one's actions in life
  134. By the 1700s, the population of Spanish North America was small, consisting of a few, isolated urban clusters in Florida, Texas, and New Mexico.
    t
  135. The main crop worked by the "task" system in eighteenth-century South Carolina was:
    rice
  136. the mid-1700s, which was not one of the distinct, well-established slave systems in Britain's mainland colonies?
    cotton-based slavery in the Black Belt of the Deep South
  137. Which of the following is not a valid comparison of the eighteenth-century ideas of "republicanism" and "liberalism"?
    Each condemned material inequality as incompatible with freedom.
  138. According to the English minister George Whitefield, people could participate in their own salvation through their own actions; they were not, as predominant Protestant religions had traditionally held, unable to affect their destiny.
    T
  139. Which of the following was not a feature of slave life in colonial America?
    Under the oppressions of slavery, African-Americans had little chance to form families or communities.
  140. the eighteenth century, only 5 percent of adult men in Britain could vote, but between 50 and 80 percent of adult white males in the colonies could vote.
    T
  141. England and Scotland were united in 1707 by the Act of Union to create Great Britain.
    T
  142. Almost all African slaves in the eighteenth century came from the same African tribe.
    F
  143. The Paxton Boys:
    were Scotch-Irish farmers who set out to attack Indians near Philadelphia.
  144. Indians who lived in the Catholic missions established by Father Junipero Serra in California generally lived happy, healthy, free, and long lives.
    f
  145. The view that reason alone was capable of establishing the essentials of religion, and that outdated superstitions included belief in the revealed truth of the Bible and miracles was called:
    Arminianism
  146. As Britain's global power expanded, British patriotism actually declined.
    f
  147. Olaudah Equiano was:
    • a slave who purchased his freedom.
    • a sailor in the Royal Navy.
    • able to read and write.
  148. What percentage of the populations of New York and New Jersey in the 1770s was made up of slaves?
    10%
  149. During the Great Awakening of the eighteenth century, most colonial slaveowners who proclaimed their Christian faith freed their slaves after concluding that blacks and whites were brothers in Christ.
    F
  150. Eighteenth-century liberalism drew heavily upon the thinking of the philosopher John Locke.
    T
  151. The country whose trading posts ringed British mainland colonies to the North and West in the eighteenth century was:
    france
  152. The movement that sought to apply the scientific method of careful investigation based on research and experiment to politics and social life was called:
    englightenment
  153. y of the 1763 British victory in the Seven Years' War is that victory ultimately contributed to Britain's loss of its mainland American colonies, since, in seeking to pay for the Seven Years' War, the British government raised taxes on American colonists who protested taxation without representation.
    T
  154. The Albany Plan of Union of 1754:
    envisioned a council of all the colonies for their common defense.
  155. Which of the following was not a regional pattern of colonial slavery?
    n the colonial backcountry, black slaves tended to outnumber free whites
  156. During the 1700s, voting in the colonies was restricted to:
    men that owned property
  157. During the course of the 1700s, the colonies increasingly grew apart from the British empire.
    f

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