Latin Syntax Terms

The flashcards below were created by user RedEdison on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Anadiplosis
    • A rhetorical term for the repetition of the last word or phrase of one line or clause to begin the next.
    • Note that a chiasmus includes anadiplosis, but not every anadiplosis reverses itself in the manner of a chiasmus.
  2. Anaphora
    Use of certain words or phrases to raise the audience's expectation of particular grammatical constructions; repetition of a word or phrase in successive clauses
  3. Antithesis
    Juxtaposing contrasting terms or grammatical units for rhetorical effect
  4. Apposition
    A noun used to describe another noun
  5. Asyndeton
    Two or more words/phrases/clauses without conjunctions/connectors
  6. Chiasmus
    Reversal of word order in corresponding pairs (A B B A) e.g. PA l8-9
  7. Confirmatio
    When the orator presents his case
  8. Exordium
    Introduction of speech to win approval of jury
  9. Expolitio
    Elaboration of a theme previously introduced e.g. 351ff
  10. Hendiadys
    Two elements, usually nouns joined by a conjunction, where actually a single modified noun is called for e.g. 'good and ready', for 'fully ready'
  11. Hyperbaton
    Separation of a noun and its modifier; the suspension of any word syntactically necessary to complete a clause
  12. Hypotaxis
    • Layering of subordinate clauses - one starting within another
    • Keats’s “Ode to a Nightingale” has an example of hypotaxis in the second stanza: “O, for a draught of vintage! That hath been/ Cool’d a long age in the deep-delved earth, /Tasting of Flora and the country green” (1.11-13). The “draught of vintage” is modified by the clauses in the successive lines.
  13. Hysteron Proteron
    Reversal of the natural order of ideas .e.g. PA l331-2
  14. Litotes
    Affirmation of somehting by the denial of its opposite e.g. 'not a few'
  15. Narratio
    Presentation of the facts of the case
  16. Occupatio
    Device of anticipating an opponent's objection and refuting it
  17. Parallelism
    Symmetrical arrangement of related words, phrases, clauses e.g. PA l132-5
  18. Parataxis
    Arrangement of sentences into coordinate clauses without subordination e.g. PA l207-11
  19. Periodicity
    Suspension of the crucial word for completing the sentence until the end
  20. Peroratio
    Closing argument of a speech
  21. Polyptoton
    • Polyptoton /ˌpɒlɨpˈtoʊtɒn/ is the stylistic scheme in which words derived from the same root are repeated (such as "strong" and "strength"). A related stylistic device is antanaclasis, in which the same word is repeated, but each time with a different sense.
    • In inflected languages polyptoton is the same word being repeated but appearing each time in a different case. (for example, "Iuppiter," "Iovis," "Iovi," "Iovem," "Iove" [in Latin being the nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative forms of Iuppiter, respectively]).
  22. Prolepsis
    Using a word in the clause preceding the one in which it belongs. E.g. PA l1-2
  23. Refutatio
    Rebuttal to opposition's case
  24. Synecdoche
    The use of the name of a part to refer to the whole .e.g PA l145-7
  25. Tripartite Construction
    3 part constructions!
  26. Variatio
    Any deviation from expectation to avoid predictable symmetry/repetition e.g. PA 49-51
  27. Zeugma
    Where a single verb governs two or more objects .e.g PA l63
Card Set:
Latin Syntax Terms
2015-10-05 12:42:09
Latin Syntax
Show Answers: