burns

Card Set Information

Author:
alicia0309
ID:
309096
Filename:
burns
Updated:
2015-10-06 06:54:15
Tags:
burns
Folders:

Description:
burns
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user alicia0309 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What is the outer layer of skin?
    Epidermis
  2. What makes dermis different than epidermis?
    • Dermis is thicker and is made of collagen, fibrous connective tissue and elastic fibers.
    • Dermis also includes: Blood Vessels, Sensory Nerves, Hair Follicles, Lymph Vessels, Sebaceous and sweat glands
  3. Functions of the Skin
    • Protective barrier
    • Fluid and electrolyte balance: break in skin =loss of fluid
    • excretes sweat
    • sensations: pain, pressure, temp, touch
  4. the skin can tolerate temps up to ___
    • 104
    • temp of 158 and above cause rapid cell destruction
  5. Main Concern for patient with  burns
    Infection
  6. Superficial - thickness wounds
    • 1st degree, least serious
    • Involves outer layer of skin
    • Causes: Redness, Swelling, Pain
    • Usually treated as minor burn
    • Small Blister OK, Big blister will need to see doctor. If large part of the body is covered see physician
  7. Treatment for superficial/1st degree burns
    • Do Not Bust the Blister, but when it busts on its own keep clean and covered
    • Motrin, tylenol for pain
    • May need tetnus shot
    • Remove Constrictiong clothing, jewlerly 
    • Cool water, Not Cold for 10-15 mins until pain decreases
    • May Apley Aloe Vera
  8. Superficial Partial - Thickness Wounds
    • 2nd degree (involves epidermis and some of the dermis)
    • Red with white splotchy patches
    • usually have blisters
    • Painful
    • If large or covers hands, feet, face, buttock, groin or major joint seek medical attention
  9. Deep Partial thickness wounds
    • 2nd degree
    • Red or white area
    • Tend not to see blisters because the damage to the underlying tissue
    • **closer to the nerve ending the pain changes
  10. Full Thickness wounds
    • 3rd degree
    • involves all layers of the skin, destruction to the entire dermis and epidermis
    • Hard, dry, leathery eschar that forms.
    • eschar is dead tissue that must be removed before healing can occur. 
    • Charred Look
    • Not uncommon to have white areas
    • If injuries are this bad they will prob have inhalation injuries too regardless of burn location
    • Consider breathing issues, Were there toxins/chemicals in the flames?
    • Carbon Monoxide Knocks the O2 off the Hgb (crank up the O2 to 100%)
  11. Deep Full Thickness
    Goes into the

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview