Clinical Vocabulary C-D

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Author:
raisukeiku
ID:
30925
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Clinical Vocabulary C-D
Updated:
2010-08-29 17:44:57
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clinical skills vocabulary
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vocabulary c-d
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  1. general lack of nutrition & wasting
    cachexia
  2. stone-like concretion usu composed of salts of inorganic & organic acids or other material such as cholesterol; a stone
    calculus
  3. malignant neoplasm derived from epithelial tissue
    carcinoma
  4. destruction or necrosis of teeth
    caries
  5. necrosis in which necrotic tissues resemble cheese; contains mxt of protein & fat; occurs particularly in reference to TB
    caseation
  6. persistent severe burning sensation of skin; usu involves injury to sensory fibers of peripheral nerve
    causalgia
  7. chronic inflammation granuloma in tarsus of eyelid due to inflammation of meibomian gland
    chalazion
  8. disorder characterized by irregular spasmodic involuntary mvmt of limbs & facial muscles
    chorea
  9. condition that develops slowly & persists over time
    chronic
  10. progressive disease of liver w/ fibrosis & damage to parenchymal cells
    cirrhosis
  11. perimenopausal time of a woman's life; "the change"
    climacteric
  12. form of mvmt marked by contractions & relaxations of muscle in rapid succession
    clonus
  13. vomitus of coffee ground appearing particles that represents upper GI bleed that has occurred slowly enough for gastic acid to denature blood
    coffee ground emesis
  14. spasmodic pains in abdomen; generally described as spasms & is usu secondary to some degree of obstruction of hollow organ
    colic
  15. inflammation of large bowel
    colitis
  16. any alteration in mental status induced by trauma
    concussion
  17. making-up of tales in fluid fashion w/ no regard to facts or to the question put forward; generally seen in alcoholic CNS disease
    confabulation
  18. bleeding & damage in soft tissues, resulting from direct blow injury
    contusion
  19. crackling sound or sensation as would be produced by rubbing together of irregular surfaces
    crepitation
  20. blind pouch or tubular cavity closed at one end
    cul-de-sac
  21. scraping of interior lining of a cavity (i.e. D&C)
    curettage
  22. dark blue or purplish discoloration of skin or mucous membrane secondary to deficiency of oxygenation to blood
    cyanosis
  23. inflammation of bladder (i.e. bladder infection)
    cystitis
  24. gradual deterioration of normal cells & body fxn
    degeneration
  25. bursting open, splitting, or gaping
    dehiscence
  26. extreme excitement w/ confused & unconnected ideas, often w/ illusions or hallucinations
    delirium
  27. false belief or wrong judgment
    delusion
  28. general mental deterioration due to organic or physiological factors (i.e. Alzheimer's "old-timer's" disease)
    dementia
  29. mood disorder characterized by sadness & inability to experience pleasure
    depression
  30. inflammation of skin
    dermatitis
  31. reduction of allergic sensitivity to specific antigen (i.e. allergy shots)
    desensitization
  32. determination of presence of disease based on evaluation of symptoms, signs, & test findings
    diagnosis
  33. stiffening or poor relaxation of left ventricle which causes inefficient fillings
    diastolic dysfunction
  34. (in obstetric terms) enlargement of transverse diameter of cervical opening; in non-pregnancy patient, it is less than 5 mm; at complete dilation in labor, it is 10 cm
    dilation
  35. (in reference to aorta) occurs when intimal layer of vessel splits apart from deeper muscle layers & blood flows into the layers
    dissection
  36. situated away from center of body or from point of origin (i.e. farthest away part); opposite of proximal
    distal
  37. swelling or stretching
    distension
  38. small pouches usu found extending from wall of colon
    diverticula
  39. posterior or back part
    dorsum
  40. alternately moving a limb in opposite direction (i.e. rapidly alternating mvmts)
    dysdiadochokinesia
  41. disease marked by frequent watery stools, often w/ blood & mucus & characterized by pain, tenesmus, fever, & dehydration
    dysentery
  42. difficulty in performing voluntary mvmts
    dyskinesia
  43. defective bone formation
    dysostosis
  44. pain in sexual act
    dyspareunia
  45. indigestion or upset stomach
    dyspepsia
  46. difficulty in swallowing
    dysphagia
  47. hoarseness or difficulty or pain in speaking
    dysphonia
  48. feeling of unpleasantness or discomfort
    dysphoria
  49. abnormal tissue development (i.e. cervical dysplasia on pap test)
    dysplasia
  50. shortness of breath; "short-winded"
    dyspnea
  51. difficult childbirth
    dystocia
  52. painful urination
    dysuria

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