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2015-10-09 02:25:37
Exam Psychology 101
Psychology Exam 2 Cards
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  1. Define Reflex (Respondent)
    an unconditioned or conditioned reflex in sense of a response elicited by a particular stimulus
  2. Define Unconditioned Reflex
    the action the unconditioned stimuli elicits
  3. Define Unconditioned Stimulus
    an even that automatically elicits and unconditioned response
  4. Define Neutral Stimulus
    something that does not trigger an effect on the response you are searching for
  5. Define Conditioned Stimulus
    response that depends on preceding conditions
  6. Define Conditioned Response
    whatever response the conditioned stimulus elicits as a result of a conditioning procedure
  7. Define Classical Conditioning
    the process by which an organism learns a new association between to stimuli
  8. Acquisition and Extinction
    Acquisition is the process that establishes and strengthens the conditioned response while extinction extinguished a classically conditioned response (Repeatedly presenting the conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus until the conditioned response is extinguished)
  9. Define Spontaneous Recovery
    • A temporary return of an extinguished response (conditioned stimulus) after a
    • delay
  10. Generalization of a Conditioned Reflex
    That is when you learn to react to something that has a similar look, taste, touch, or feel. Like associating bee and wasp if you have ever been stung by one.
  11. Define Operant Behavior
    the process of changing behavior by providing a reinforcement for a response (in operant behavior the subject does something that affects the future, in classical conditioning, the subjects behavior has no effect on the outcome of either the CS or UCS)
  12. Define Respondent Behavior
    A new stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus evoking a conditioned response
  13. Define Positive Reinforcement
    a response, leads to a reward presented and that causes an increase in response
  14. Define Negative Reinforcement
    a response, leads to a punishment and that cause a decrease in response
  15. Define Positive Punishment
    when rewarding someone leads to a decrease in action
  16. Define Negative Punishment
    when removing something leads to a decrease in action
  17. Describe Acquisition, Extinction, and Spontaneous Recovery applied to opperant behavior
    • Acquisition - stimulus is constantly reinforced
    • Extinction - responses stop producing reinforcements, response without reinforcement
    • Spontaneous
    • Recovery - randomly the subject does the action again even if there is no response given

  18. Difference between Primary and Secondary Reinforcer
    • Primary - an unconditional reinforcer that is reinforcing because of their own properties
    • Secondary - an unconditional reinforcer that is reinforcing because of their own properties
  19. Define Reinforcement
    reinforcement for some responses and not for others
  20. Define Discrimination
    if reinforcement occurs for responding to one stimulus and not another
  21. Define Discrimination Stimulus
    a stimulus that indicates which response is appropriate and which response is inappropriate
  22. Define Stimulus Control
    the ability of stimulus to encourage some responses and discourage others