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what was the ideal of homespun virtue & how did it appeal to different groups in the colonies?
In eighteenth century the colonist decided to boycott the British goods in reaction of imposed severe taxes from the British. The idea was from Charles Townshend, the Chancellor of the Exchequer. The colonist decided that instead of wearing of purchasing clothing made of imported British materials, women started to spun and wove at home as a symbol of American resistance. Homespun virtue began in Boston and then continued in southern colonies. The Chesapeake planters were really affected in a good way with this boycott because they were indebted with British merchants. The trades from Virginia also announced a ban on the importation of slaves. Philadelphia and New York decided not to be part of the boycott until time later.
Patrick Henry proclaimed that he was not a Virginian, but an American. What unified the colonists and what divided them at the time of the Revolution?
- fuck the british
discuss the ramifications of using slaves in the british & continental armies. why did the british authorize the use of slaves? why did the americans? how did the slaves benefit?
Fight and the benefit for slaves: In 1775 George Washington decided to accept black soldiers into his force against British when the Lord Dunmore was proclaimed. Blacks would be benefited with liberty after war. Some of them bargained their own liberty or for a son’s liberty. Rhode Island was the state with most black soldiers enlisted. Some colonist’s slaves escaped and found liberty enlisted with the British against the colonies. Others served as spies, guided their troops and worked doing military duties. Their payment would be the same: freedom.
why did the colonists reach the conclusion that membership in the empire threatened their freedoms, rather than guaranteed them?
By getting a membership in the empire it threatened their freedom, because the empire is slowly weakening their freedom. After the Seven Years’ War, Britain government was in a huge debt. Due to the debt, government in London was trying to force colonies to share a cost of the empire. The colonies saw this as the government’s plan to slowly decrease their freedom. Due to power the government has over them, there is no way of opposing them. Not only that, because of the debt, British government wanted to get more profit to repay their debt by a series measure. It mean they wanted colonies in America worked for them and their debt. In the end, the colonies decided getting a membership with the empire would only threaten their freedom, rather than guarantee it.
how did new ideas of liberty contribute to tensions between the social classes in the american colonies
the issue with land????????????
Why did people in other countries believe that the American Revolution (or the Declaration of Independence) was important to them or their own countries?
People thought the Declaration of Independence was important to them and their countries, because it inspired others to start their own declaration of independence. In the year of Jefferson’s death, twenty other had modeled and issued their own declaration of independent. As of today, more than half the worlds also possess such a declaration. Over the time, the Declaration in a global context gave the rights to various groups to form their own independent state, instead of citizens listing their right. And the Declaration of Independence was a symbol of success that the colonies against to their leader British government and fought for their rights. Declaration of Independence has been translated into many different languages. And American Revolution became the demonstration of the people who wanted to get freedom and independence. People around the countries could see the Declaration of Independence as a way to finally achieve freedom.
summarize the difference of option between british officials & colonial leaders over the issues of taxation & representation
The British empire and the colonial leaders-American leaders were different. The Americans leaders held to the view of actual representation. Actually, they were in order to be taxed by Parliament. The Americans leaders had actual legislators seated and voting in London. For example, James Otis argued for this form of representation in the Stamp Act Congress in 1765, but few other delegates supported him. However, for the British, it supported the concept of virtual representation. Also, It was based on the belief that a Member of Parliament virtually represented every person in the empire. Even there was no need for a specific representative from Virginia or Massachusetts.
how did the actions of the british authorities help to unite the american colonists during the 1760 & 1770
the British authorities help the American colonists by many areas in different time. The British authorities set the new laws to make financial supports to the colonists in 1760 to 1763. In 1764, the British authorities started the Sugar Act to reduce the existing tax, and started a Revenue Act to place goods to the American colonists. Although the British authorities threatened the profits of colonial merchants, the money were as the payment of debts. In 1765, the British authorities started the Stamp Act which was by imposing the stamp tax without colonial consent to get the meaning of freedom. In 1767, the Townshend Acts, the British authorities imposed a series of taxes on all goods imported into the colonists. In 1768, the British authorities troops stationed in Boston. In 1770, the British authorities massacred Boston people for calming down the some instability region of Boston.
how did the limited central gov created by the articals of confredration reflect the issues behind the revolution & fears for individual liberties?
the Articles of Confederation helped forming a firm league of friendship by creating a limited central government that saved the individual freedoms of each state
what were the ideas & motivations that pushed americans to expand west
Manifest Destiny, or the belief that it was American's God-given-right/responsibility to expand the United States boarders from the Atlantic to the Pacific. It was used to urge the annexation of Texas and to encourage American settlement of European colonial and Indian lands in the west to build the American Empire. People moved west because there was rich land for farming, opportunities for business or self advancement, politicians could make a name for themselves in places that are underdeveloped and could gain a seat in the House or the Senate easier than if they were in New England, it was a place for fugitives to start a new life, and of course, there was the thought to expand slavery. There were also very high birth rates and increased immigration, better trade for maritime merchants, and slaves could have their freedom in the western territories. And last but not least, the gold rush started in California in the late 1940s.
what events & ideas led to the belief in 1786 & 1787 that the articals of confederation were not working well?
- Each state only had one vote in Congress, regardless of size
- Congress didn't have the power to tax, or to regulate foreign and interstate commerce
- There was no executive branch to enforce any acts passed by Congress
- There was no national court system
- Amendments to the Articles of Confederation required a unanimous vote
- Laws required a 9/13 majority to pass in Congress
the consitution has been described as a bundle of compromises. which compromises were the most significant in shaping the direction of the new nation & why
Whatever these leaders' personal desires, they had to compromise and adopt what was acceptable to the entirety of America, and what presumably would be suitable to the nation as a whole. There were many compromises made at the Constitutional Convention, such as representation, slavery, and laws concerning foreign/ interstate imports and exports. The compromise of most importance was named the "Great Compromise." After much argument, the Constitutional Confederation decided that the Congress would have two houses: the House of Representatives, and the Senate.
what were the major arguments in support of the consitution given by the federalists
argued that the Constitution didn't need a Bill of Rights, that it would create a "parchment barrier" that limited the rights of the people, as opposed to protecting them.
what were the major arguments in support of the constitution given by the anti-federalists
One faction opposed the Constitution because they thought stronger government threatened the sovereignty of the states. Others argued that a new centralized government would have all the characteristics of the despotism of Great Britain they had fought so hard to remove themselves from. And still others feared that the new government threatened their personal liberties.
how accurate was hector st. john de crevecoeurs description of america as a melting pot