4. Explain the basis for enacting restraint legislation and National Patient Safety Goals (NPSG) standards.
- • Their risks outweigh their benefits:
- Restrained clients
- • Become increasingly confused
- • Suffer chronic constipation, incontinence, and infections such as pneumonia and pressure ulcers
- • Experience a progressive decline in their ability to perform activities of daily living
- • Are more likely to die during their hospital stay than those who are not restrained