Second Exam Terms

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Second Exam Terms
2015-10-13 21:58:38

Western civilization
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  1. City of God
    • Book of Christian philosophy
    • Written in Latin
    • Author Augustine of Hippo
    • Published in 426 AD
  2. Constantine
    • Roman Emperor
    • Illyrian ancestry
    • Renamed Byzantium to Constantinople
    • Made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire
  3. Etruscans
    • Developed in N Central Italy
    • Established permanent settlements that evolved into cities
    • Adopted the Greek alphabet
    • Most likely originated from Turkey or Near East
  4. Jesus of Nazareth
    • Raised in Galilee
    • Ministry began about age 30
    • Born to devoted religious jewish parents
    • Taught by preaching and telling stories
  5. Latafundia
    • Great landed estates
    • Produced agriculture destined for export
    • Slaves worked the land
    • Expanded with conquest
  6. Law code of Justinian
    • Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire
    • Consisted of 3 parts
    • Collection of laws and legal commentary
    • Outmoded laws and contradictions were eliminated
  7. Manumission
    • Common for household slaves
    • Freeing individual slaves by their masters
    • Used to control the behavior of many slaves
    • Made them citizens
  8. Marius
    • Politician
    • Not from traditional roman aristocracy
    • Became consul
    • Led troops to Numidia
  9. Quintus Sertorius
    • Roman statesman and general
    • Born in Sabine territory
    • Leader of Lusitanians against the Romans
    • From a noble family
  10. Qur'an
    • The sacred book of Islam
    • Muslims believe to be a revelation of Allah
    • Finest peace of literature in the Arabic lang.
    • Believe it was verbally revealed by Allah to Muhammad
  11. Tiberius Gracchus
    • An aristocrat
    • Elected tribune
    • His death was the beginning of an era of public violence
    • Proposed Rome to return to limiting the amount of public land owned by an individual
  12. Roman Literature
    • Enjoyed a liking for Greek literature
    • Roman authors sometimes wrote histories and poetry in Greek
    • As well translated Greek classics into latin
    • Ennuis father of roman poetry
  13. Rule of St. Benedict
    • Written by Benedict of Nursia
    • Guide for monastic life
    • Book of precepts
    • 73 chapters
  14. Scipio Africanus
    • Military officer
    • Friend-polybius
    • Involved in the Second Punic War
    • Known as one of the greatest generals of all time
  15. St Ambrose
    • Accused of fostering persecutions of Arians, Jews, & Pagans
    • Bishop of Milan
    • Credited with promoting "antiphonal chant"
    • 1 of the 4 original doctors of the church
  16. St Paul
    • Apostle taught the gospel of christ to the 1st century world
    • One of the most important figures of the apostolic age
    • Founded several churches in Asia minor & Europe
    • Both a Jew & Roman citizen
  17. Sulla
    • Former Roman consul
    • Dictator
    • Awarded a grass crown
    • Enacted a series of reforms to the Roman constitution
  18. Virgil
    • Poet of the Augustan Period
    • 3 major works of latin literature
    • One of Rome's greatest poets
    • Dead at age 50
  19. Cato
    • Known as Cato the wise
    • Opposed Hellenization
    • Roman senator and historian
    • 1st to write history in latin