Anatomy- Limbs & back- Introduction
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What is the plane between the sagittal plane and the lateral side?
How is the axis that goes from head to toes called?
What are the functions of the skeleton?
- Blood cell production
What are the functions of muscles
- Produce skeletal movement
- Maintain posture and body position
- Regulate the opening and closing of bodily orifices
- Maintains body temperature
What type of bone is the humerus?
What type of bone are the carpal bones?
What type of bone are the bones of the skull?
What type of bone is the patella?
What type of bone is the vertebrae?
What is the plural of foramen?
What is the plural of fossa?
What is a facet?
Small flat articular surface
What is a tubercle?
eminence or outgrowth for articulation or muscle attachement
What is a tuberosity?
rough projection on boney surface
What is a condyle?
Round prominence at end of a bone often for articulation
What is an epicondyle?
a round projection above a condyle serving for ligament and tendon attachment
What is part of the axial skeleton?
- vertebral column
What is part of the appendicular skeleton?
- pectoral girdle
- bones of the upper/lower limbs
- pelvic girdle
What are the 2 types of solid joint?
- Fibrous Solid Joint
- Cartilagenous Solid Joint
What are the types of fibrous solid joint?
What are the types of cartilagenous solid joint?
Where can we find gomphosis joint?
Where can we find suture joint?
between the bones of the skull
Where can we find Syndesmosis joint?
between radius and ulna
Where can we find synchondrosis joint?
Where can we find symphysis joint?
- intervertebral disc
- pubic symphysis
What's the part of a synovial joint that produces the fluid?
What are the parts (4) of a synovial joint?
- Fibrous Membrane
- Synovial Membrane
- Synovial Cavity
- Articular Cartilage
What kind of synovial joint is there is the intertubercular groove of the humerus?
Tedonous Synovial Sheaths
What is circumduction?
Flexion/Extension, Abduction/Adduction one after the other
What are the 3 fibers of the eskeletal muscle from the smaller to the biggest?
- Muscle Fiber
What is a motor unit?
one muscle innervating multiple fibers
What are the contractile components of muscle?
Actin and Myosin filaments
What are the type of muscle contraction?
- Reflexive contraction
- Tonic contraction
- Phasic Contraction
What is reflexive contraction?
Automatic control (diaphragm, eyelids)
What is tonic contraction?
Constant slight contraction (muscles of the back)
What is phasic contraction?
What are the type of phasic contraction?
What is isometric contraction?
muscle contracts but does not shorten, no mouvement
What is are the types of isotonic contraction?
- Concentric contraction (shorten)
- Eccentric contraction (extend)
What is an agonist muscle?
it's contraction creates the mouvement
What is an antagonist muscle?
controls, slows and resists the mouvement through relaxation
What is a synergist muscle?
additional muscles that assist in the agonist function
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