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Before applying any topical ointment what must you do first when prepping?
- Read the Label (eye & ear are not interchangeable)
- clean area before application
How does a normal eye usually respond when forced open?
the third eyelid closing.
What is another name for the third eyelid?
Solutions are a ____ medication
Solutions are a liquid medication
When placing eye drops what does our dominant and non dominant hand do?
- Dominant: holds dropper
- Non Dom: holds eye open
What is important when giving any eye or ear medication when the applicator will be used for multiple animals?
Do not touch the animal, it is considered sterile until then.
WHat should you not allow eye ointment to do?
do not hold to far away and allow to curl.
What tool do you use to view eyes?
What do you look at with an ophthalmoscope?
- optic disk
- blood vessels
- back of eye
What should you do before applying an eye stain?
place 2-3 drops of opthamic local anesthetic to eye (opthaine)
After stain has been placed in eye what do you do? (last two steps)
- wash out access with saline flush
- observe with black light of any green scratched or abrasions
What test looks at tear production?
Shirmer Tear Test
How long should you keep a Shirmer tear test in?
if a tear test is over 20, the animal possible has ____
over production of tears
if a tear test is roughly 20, the animal possible has ____
normal tear production
if a tear test is under 20 but over 10, the animal possible has ____
if a tear test is under 10, the animal has a ____
What is a tonometer (or tonopen) used for?
surface tension of eye
What should the intraocular pressure of an eye be?
greater than 21 mm Hg
What is a fancier name for an ear swab?
What three things do you look for with a otic cytology?
What do you look for on the dry slid from a Otic cytology?
yeast and bacteria
What do you look for on the wet (mineral oil) slide of an ear swab?
On the dry slide from a otic cytology how do we differentiate the left and right side?
- By drawing the left side in the shape of an "L"
What must you NEVER do when swabbing an ear with a cotton swab?
- Stick it deep in the ear where you can not see the tip.
- (Hold like a pen to avoid)
When inserting ear cleaner what should you not do?
Let the tip touch to keep it sterile and can use on other animals
After messaging fluid into ear how do we clean the ear?
- With some cotton roll over your finger wipe out debris until it comes out clean
- use a cotton swab to clean out outer ear crevasses (never deep!)
How do you insert a Otoscope?
- Gently lift pinna upward
- place Otoscope into ear canal
- Move into position to visualize internal debris
- locate ear canal
What should you check before administering anything other then ear cleanser?
That the tympanic membrane is intact
Why can you place otic medication nozzle deep in the war?
Because the bottle will be used only of that animal so it does not need to be sterile.