Keyterm chapter 1

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Keyterm chapter 1
2015-10-14 22:44:51
All chapter key terms
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  1. movement  of a drug from the outside of the body into the bloodstream
  2. a drug effect that is more severe than expected  and has the potential to damage tissue or cause serious health problems. it may also be called a toxic effect or toxicity and usually requires intervention by the prescriber.
    adverse effect
  3. same as adverse effect
    adverse drug reaction
  4. an extrinsic drug that activates the receptor site of a cell and mimics the actions of naturally occurring drugs
  5. type of adverse effect in which the presence of the drug stimulates the release of histamine and other body chemicals that cause inflammatory  reactions. the response may be as mild as a rash or as severe and life threatening as anaphylaxis
    allergic response
  6. an extrinsic drug that blocks the receptor site of a cell, preventing the naturally occurring substance from binding to the receptor
  7. the percentage of a drug dose that actually reaches the blood
  8. a notice that a drug may produce serious or even life threatening effects in some people in addition to its beneficial effects
    black box warning
  9. a manufacturer-owned name of a generic drug; also called trade name or proprietor name
    brand name
  10. drug action that is intended to kill a cell or an organism
  11. the extent that a drug absorbed into the bloodstream spreads into the three body water compartments
  12. any small molecule that changes any body function by working at the chemical and cell levels
  13. the planned use of a drug to prevent or improve a health problem
    drug therapy
  14. the length of time a drug is present in the blood at or above the level needed to produce an effect or response
    duration of action
  15. the inactivation or removal of drugs from the body accomplished by certain body systems
  16. movement of drugs from the outside of the body to the inside using the gastrointestinal tract
    enteral route
  17. drugs that are man-made or derived from another species; not made by the human body
    extrinsic drugs
  18. rapid inactivation or elimination of oral drugs as a result of liver metabolism
    first-pass loss
  19. national and international public drug name created by the USA adopted names council to indicate the usual use of chemical composition of a drug
    generic name
  20. time span needed for one half of a drug dose to be eliminated
  21. natural products made from plants that cause a response in the body similar to that of a drug also called botanicals
  22. a drug that has an increased risk of causing patient harm if it is used in error
    high-alert drug
  23. desired effect of a drug on specific body cells or tissues same as therapeutic response
    intended action
  24. hormones , enzymes growth factors, and other chemicals made by the body that change the activity of cells
    intrinsic drugs
  25. the first dose of a drug that is larger than all subsequent doses of the same drug use when it takes more drug to reach steady state than it does to maintain it
    loading dose
  26. exactly how at the cellular level, a drug changes the activity of a cell
    mechanism of action
  27. any small molecule that changes any body function by working at the chemical and cell levels ( same as a drug)
  28. chemical reaction in the body that changes the chemical shape and content of a drug preparing the drug for inactivation and elimination
  29. the smallest amount of drug necessary in the blood or target tissue to result in a measurable intended action
    minimum effective concentration
  30. drugs that are approved for purchases without a prescription
    over the counter
  31. movement of a drug from the outside of the body to the inside of the body by injection, intra arterial, intravenous, intramascular, subcutaneous, intracavitary, intraosseous, intrathecal
    parenteral route
  32. maximum blood drug level