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Define use of deadly force.
Force that a person uses causing, or that a person knows or should know, would create a substantial risk of causing death or serious bodily harm.
- Deadly force
- is justified only under conditions of extreme necessity, and when lesser means have been exhausted, are unavailable, or can NOT be reasonably employed.
When is deadly force justified
- Self defense and the defense of others.
- Assets involving national security.
- Assets NOT involving national security but inherently dangerous to others.
- Serious offenses against persons.
- Protect public health or safety.
- Arrest or apprehension.
- FPCON NORMAL
- exists when a general threat of possible terrorist activity exists but warrants only a routine security posture.
applies when there is a general threat of possible terrorist activity against personnel and facilities, the nature and extent of which are unpredictable, and circumstances do not justify full implementation of FPCON BRAVO measures.
applies when an increased and more predictable threat of terrorist activity exists. The measures in this FPCON must be capable of being maintained for weeks without causing undue hardship, affecting operational capability, and aggravating relations with local authorities.
applies when an incident occurs or intelligence is received indicating that some form of terrorist action against personnel and facilities is imminent. Implementation of measures in this FPCON for more than a short period probably will create hardship and affect the peacetime activities of the unit and its personnel.
applies in the immediate area where a terrorist attack has occurred or when intelligence has been received that terrorist action against a specific location or person is likely. Normally, this FPCON is declared as a localized condition.
Random Antiterrorism Measures
Varying actions and procedure used to deter terrorism
Defense in Depth
Layered defense in order to provide greater resistance to vulnerable assets
To gain compliance by means of intimidation or force.
All measures in place to deter and mitigate those efforts.
Vessel Assessment Zone
visual range of day; outer most zone; not patrolled or challenged; notify craft they are nearing a restricted area if they approach warning zone. (Detect & identify contacts).
Vessel Warning Zone
screen off vessel traffic; actively interact with unauthorized vessels to determine hostile intent. (Warning shots)
Vessel Threat Zone
zone immediately surrounding the vessel; no hostile craft is permitted to enter this zone. (Deadly Force is used).
Land Side Assessment Zone
extends to visual horizon; outer most zone; security measures applied to detect, track, classify possible threats; not challenged unless seeking access to warning zone.
Land Side Warning Zone
security measures applied; unknown/unauthorized personnel & vehicles, bags, packages are inspected.
- Land Side Threat Zone
- innermost layer of defense & no hostile contacts permitted to enter; unidentified or potentially hostile contacts which pose a threat are engaged with increased levels of force until they retreat outside of the zone or are no longer a threat.
are not permitted land side!*
Discuss how terrorists identify and choose their victim/target.
- Most vulnerable (Soft TARGET)
- Least Amount Of Resistance
- Will disrupt and deplete resources
- Gain Attention
Describe the common characteristics of terrorism.
- Largest Shock Factor
- Media Attention
- Draw Recruits To their Cause
Describe terrorism motivational categories.
Describe terrorist organizational models.
- Built in to Cells in order to have specialized personnel complete tasking
- Uses Cells to ensure no one person is familiar with entire operation in case of capture.
Discuss DoD AT Standards and their effect on FPCONs.
Guideline outlining basic standards, which is taken by each respective service and tailored to their operation necessities.
Discuss the at-sea and in-port security force organization and the differences between them.
- TAO is responsible for the protection and defense of ship underway
- ATTWO is responsible for protection and defense of ship while in port or at anchor
Discuss the causes of a security alert. (Typically ON SHIP)
- Active Shooter
- Loss of Power
- Ship Penetration
- Unauthorized Access
Discuss the causes of a Force Protection Alert alert. (Typically OFF SHIP)
- Pier Demonstration
- Bomb on Pier
- Fight On Pier
- Pier Penetration
What is the difference in the ship reaction to a security alert vice a force protection alert?
- Security Alert - Stand Fast
- Force Protection Alert Move Smartly About the Ship
What is the only time onboard the ship where a force protection alert will be called vice a security alert?
Logs and Journals
Any document you are required to fill out while in the performance of your duties.
Any specific instructions promulgated by the chain of command. Additionally, there are eleven general orders for sentries.
1st general order
Take charge of this post and all government property in view
2nd general order
Walk my post in a military manner, keeping always on the alert and observing everything within sight or hearing
3rd general order
Report all violations of orders I am instructed to carry out
4th general order
Repeat all calls more distant from the guardhouse than my own
5th general order
Quit my post only when properly relieved
6th general order
Receive, obey, and pass on to the sentry who relieves me, all orders from the CO, CDO, OOD, and Officers and Noncommissioned Officers of the watch only
7th general order
Talk to no one except in the line of duty
8th general order
Give the alarm in case of fire or disorder
9th general order
Call the OOD in any case not covered by instructions
10th general order
Salute all officers and all colors and standards not cased
11th general order
Be especially watchful at night and during the time for challenging, to challenge all persons on or near my post, and to allow no one to pass without proper authority
State the purpose of PPRs.
A Pre-Planned Response (PPR) is a formalized set of watchstander actions to be executed in the event of a specific situation. They are broken into IMMEDIATE and FOLLOW ON actions. An immediate action is that which a watchstander is expected to autonomously conduct without referencing a written instruction (i.e. stop the intruder, call away security alert). A follow on action is referenced when there is a lull in the action or by a non-engaged watchstander. These may include calling host nation security, sending an OPREP or forwarding SNOOPIE team photographs to the chain of command.
SRF (Ships Reaction Force)
The primary response team, must be armed and out of the issue point within 5 minutes of alert. Consists of 2-4 personnel, also force used to SECURE THE AREA.
BRF (Backup Reaction Force)
The secondary response team, must be armed and out of the issue point within 10 minutes of alert. Will coordinate actions with SRF to avoid blue on blue situation, Consists of 2-6 personnel, also force used to BREACH THE SPACE.
Any remaining weapons qualified personnel.
Discuss the In-port Security Plan:
Standing Rules of Engagement (SROE)
are directives promulgated by higher authority that provide guidance to the watchstander as to when deadly force may be used. The watchstander always has the inherent right of self defense. Other conditions that may meet the SROE:
In charge of Ship/Stations Overall ATFP Program
Ant-Terrorism Tactical Watch Officer, who is overall responsible for the protection of the ship while in port or at anchor.
Command Duty Officer, who is the direct representative of the Commanding Officer when He/She is away.
Tactical Action Officer, who is overall responsible for the protection of the ship while underway.
Chief of the Guard
who is overall responsible for all pier side security watches while in port.
Anti-Terrorism Training Team (ATTT)
Command designated team used to train the ship on proper ATFP protocol and watch standing.