chapter 7 Respiratory

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Becho
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chapter 7 Respiratory
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  1. bronch/o, bronchi/o
    bronchial tube, bronchus
  2. laryng/o
    larynx, throat
  3. nas/o
    nose
  4. ox/i, ox/o, ox/y
    oxygen
  5. pharyng/o
    throat, pharynx
  6. phon/o
    sound, voice
  7. -pnea
    breathing
  8. pneum/o, pneumon/o, pneu-
    lung, air
  9. pulm/o, pulmon/o
    lung
  10. sinus/o
    sinus
  11. somn/o
    sleep
  12. spir/o
    to breathe
  13. thorac/o, thorax
    chest, pleural cavity
  14. trache/o, trachea
    windpipe
  15. pleur/o
    pleura, side of the body
  16. alveoli
    The very small grapelike clusters found at the end of each bronchiole.
  17. anoxia
    The absence of oxygen from the body's tissues and organs even though there is an adequate flow of blood.
  18. antitussive
    Medication administered to prevent or relieve coughing.
  19. aphonia
    Loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds.
  20. abestosis
    The form of pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos particles in the lungs.
  21. asphyxia
    The loss of consciousness that occurs when the body cannot get the oxygen it needs to function.
  22. asthma
    A chronic, inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes, often triggered by an allergic reaction and characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing
  23. atelectasis
    The incomplete expansion of part or all of a lung due to a blockage of the air passages or pneumothorax.
  24. bradypnea
    An abnormally slow rate of respiration, usually of less than 10 breaths per minute.
  25. bronchodilator
    A medication that relaxes and expands the bronchial passages into the lungs.
  26. bronchorrhea
    An excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi.
  27. bronchoscopy
    The visual examination of the bronchi through using a bronchoscope.
  28. bronchospasm
    A contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut.
  29. Cheyne-Stokes respiration
     
    An irregular pattern of breathing characterized by alternating rapid or shallow respiration followed by slower respiration or apnea.
  30. croup
    An acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and swelling around the vocal cords, resulting in a barking cough and stridor.
  31. cyanosis
    A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood.
  32. cystic fibrosis
    A life-threatening genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus.
  33. diphtheria
    An acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract.
  34. dysphonia
    Difficulty in speaking, which may include any impairment in vocal quality, including hoarseness, weakness, or the cracking of a boy's voice during puberty.
  35. dyspnea
    Difficult or labored breathing; also known as shortness of breath.
  36. emphysema
    The progressive, long-term loss of lung function, usually due to smoking.
  37. empyema
    An accumulation of pus in a body cavity.
  38. endotracheal intubation
    The passage of a tube through the mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway.
  39. epistaxis
    Bleeding from the nose that may be caused by dry air, an injury, medication to prevent blood clotting, or high blood pressure; also known as a nosebleed.
  40. hemoptysis
    The expectoration of blood or bloodstained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage.
  41. hemothorax
    A collection of blood in the pleural cavity.
  42. hypercapnia
    The abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood.
  43. hyperpnea
    An increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements.
  44. hypopnea
    Shallow or slow respiration.
  45. hypoxemia
    The condition of having low oxygen levels in the blood.
  46. hypoxia
    The condition of having deficient oxygen levels in the body's tissues and organs; less severe than anoxia.
  47. laryngectomy
    The surgical removal of the larynx.
  48. laryngitis
    Inflammation of the larynx; also commonly used to describe voice loss that is caused by this inflammation.
  49. laryngoscopy
    The visual examination of the larynx using a laryngoscope.
  50. laryngospasm
    The sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx.
  51. mediastinum
    The middle section of the chest cavity located between the lungs. This cavity contains the heart and its veins and arteries, the esophagus, trachea, bronchi, the thymus gland, and lymph nodes.
  52. nebulizer
    An electronic device that pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a vapor, which is then inhaled by the patient via a face mask or mouthpiece.
  53. otolaryngologist
    A physician with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the head and neck.
  54. pertussis
    A contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by recurrent bouts of a paroxysmal cough, followed by breathlessness and a noisy inspiration.
  55. pharyngitis
    An inflammation of the pharynx.
  56. phlegm
    Thick mucus secreted by the tissues lining the respiratory passages.
  57. pleurisy
    An inflammation of the pleura, the membranes that cover the lungs and line the pleural cavity; causes pleurodynia.
  58. pleurodynia
    A sharp pain that occurs when the inflamed membranes rub against each other with each inhalation.
  59. pneumoconiosis
    Any fibrosis of the lung tissues caused by dust in the lungs after prolonged environmental or occupational contact.
  60. pneumonectomy
    The surgical removal of all or part of a lung.
  61. pneumonia
    A serious inflammation of the lungs in which the alveoli and air passages fill with pus and other liquid.
  62. pneumothorax
    The accumulation of air in the pleural space, causing a pressure imbalance that causes the lung to fully or partially collapse.
  63. polysomnography
    The diagnostic measurement of physiological activity during sleep; also known as a sleep study.
  64. pulmonologist
    A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the respiratory system.
  65. pulse oximeter
    An external monitor placed on the patient's fingertip or earlobe to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood.
  66. pyothorax
    A collection of pus in the pleural cavity between the layers of the pleural membrane.
  67. sinusitis
    Inflammation of the sinuses.
  68. sleep apnea
    A potentially serious disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep for long enough periods to cause a measurable decrease in blood oxygen levels.
  69. spirometer
    A recording device that measures the amount of air inhaled or exhaled and the length of time required for each breath.
  70. tachypnea
    An abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually of more than 20 breaths per minute.
  71. thoracentesis
    The surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity.
  72. thoracotomy
    A surgical incision into the chest walls to open the pleural cavity for biopsy or treatment.
  73. tracheostomy
    The surgical creation of a stoma into the trachea in order to insert a temporary or permanent tube to facilitate breathing.
  74. tracheotomy
    An emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage.
  75. tuberculosis
    An infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that usually attacks the lungs; also known as TB, it can also affect other parts of the body.

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