Medical Prefixes/Suffixes/Combining Forms Pt.2

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Author:
ymao11
ID:
30978
Filename:
Medical Prefixes/Suffixes/Combining Forms Pt.2
Updated:
2010-08-23 18:30:07
Tags:
medicine
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Description:
medical prefixes, suffixes, and combining forms
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  1. cysto-
    • bladder or sac
    • (ex. cystocele: hernia of a bladder)
  2. -cyte-
    • cell
    • (ex. erythrocyte: red blood cell)
  3. cyto-
    • cell
    • (ex. cytoskeleton: supportive fibers inside a cell)
  4. de-
    • away from
    • (ex. dehydrate: remove water)
  5. derm-
    • skin
    • (ex. dermatology: study of the skin)
  6. di-
    • two
    • (ex. diploid: two sets of chromosomes)
  7. dia-
    • through, apart, across
    • (ex. diapedesis: ooze through)
  8. dis-
    • reversal, apart from
    • (ex. dissect: cut apart)
  9. -duct-
    • draw
    • (ex. abduct: lead away from)
  10. -dynia
    • pain
    • (ex. mastodynia)
  11. dys-
    • difficult, bad
    • (ex. dysmentia: bad mind)
  12. e-
    • out, away from
    • (ex. eviscerate: take out viscera)
  13. ec-
    • out from
    • (ex. ectopic: out of place)
  14. ecto-
    • on outer side
    • (ex. ectoderm: outer skin)
  15. -ectomy
    • cut out
    • (ex. appendectomy: cut out the appendix)
  16. -edem-
    • swell
    • (ex. myoedema: swelling of a muscle)
  17. em-
    • in
    • (ex. empyema: pus in)
  18. -emia
    • blood
    • (ex. anemia: deficiency of blood)
  19. en-
    • in
    • (ex. encephalon: in the brain)
  20. endo-
    • within
    • (ex. endometrium: within the uterus)
  21. entero-
    • intestine
    • (ex. enteritis: inflammation of the intestine)
  22. epi-
    • upon, on
    • (ex. epidermis: on the skin)
  23. erythro-
    • red
    • (ex. erythrocyte: red blood cell)
  24. eu-
    • well, good
    • (ex. euphoria: well-being)
  25. ex-
    • out, away from
    • (ex. exhalation: breathe out)
  26. exo-
    • outside, on outer side
    • (ex. exogenous: originating outside)
  27. extra-
    • outside
    • (ex. extracellular: outside the cell)
  28. -ferent
    • carry
    • (ex. afferent: carrying to the central nervous system)
  29. -form
    • expressing resemblance
    • (ex. fusiform: resembling a fusion)
  30. gastro-
    • stomach
    • (ex. gastrodynia: stomach ache)
  31. -genesis
    • produce, origin
    • (ex. pathogenesis: origin of disease)
  32. gloss-
    • tongue
    • (ex. hypoglossal: under the tongue)
  33. glyco-
    • sugar, sweet
    • (ex. glycolysis: breakdown of sugar)
  34. -gram
    • a drawing
    • (ex. myogram: drawing of a muscle contraction)
  35. -graph
    • instrument that records
    • (ex. myograph: instrument for measuring muscle contraction)
  36. hem-
    • blood
    • (ex. hemolysis: breakdown of blood)
  37. hemi-
    • half
    • (ex. hemiplegia: paralysis of half of the body)
  38. hepato-
    • liver
    • (ex. hepatitis: inflammation of the liver)
  39. hetero-
    • different, other
    • (ex. heterozygous: different genes for a trait)
  40. hist-
    • tissue
    • (ex. histology: study of tissues)
  41. homeo-
    • same
    • (ex. homeostasis: state of staying the same)
  42. hydro-
    • wet, water
    • (ex. hydrocephalus: fluid within the head)
  43. hyper-
    • over, above, excessive
    • (ex. hypertrophy: overgrowth)
  44. hypo-
    • under, below, deficient
    • (ex. hypotension: low blood pressure)
  45. -ia
    • expressing condition
    • (ex. neuralgia: pain in nerve)
  46. -iatr-
    • treat, cure
    • (ex. pediatrics: treatment of children)
  47. -id
    • expressing condition
    • (ex. flaccid: state of being weak)
  48. im-
    • not
    • (ex. impermeable: not permeable)
  49. in-
    • in, into
    • (ex. injection: forcing fluid into)
  50. infra-
    • below
    • (ex. infraorbital: below the eye)
  51. inter-
    • between
    • (ex. intercostal: between the ribs)

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