Hormones

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Author:
jdorko
ID:
30982
Filename:
Hormones
Updated:
2010-08-23 19:11:44
Tags:
Hormones
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Description:
Hormones
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  1. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
    • Source: Anterior Pituitary
    • Action: Stimulates follicle maturation; spermatogenesis
  2. Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
    • Source: Anterior Pituitary
    • Action: Stimulates Ovulation; testosterone synthesis
  3. Adrenocorticotrophic (ACTH)
    • Source: Anterior Pituitary
    • Action: Stimulates adrenal cortex to make and secrete glucocorticoids
  4. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
    • Source: Anterior Pituitary
    • Action: Stimulates the thyroid to produce thyroid hormones
  5. Prolactin
    • Source: Anterior Pituitary
    • Action: Stimulates milk production and secretion
  6. Endorphins
    • Source: Anterior Pituitary
    • Action: Inhibits the perception of pain in the brain
  7. Growth Hormone
    • Source: Anterior Pituitary
    • Action: Stimulates bone and muscle growth/lipolysis
  8. Oxytocin
    • Source: Hypothalamus; stored in posterior pituitary
    • Action: Stimulates uterine contractions during labor, milk secretion during lactation
  9. Vasopressin (ADH)
    • Source: Hypothalamus; stored in posterior pituitary
    • Action: Stimulates water reabsorption in kidneys
  10. Thyroid Hormones (T3 and T4)
    • Source: Thyroid
    • Action: Stimulates metabolic activity
  11. Calcitonin
    • Source: Thyroid
    • Action: Decreases (tones down) blood calcium level
  12. Parathyroid Hormone
    • Source: Parathyroid
    • Action: Increases blood calcium levels
  13. Glucocorticoids
    • Source: Adrenal Cortex
    • Action: Increase blood glucose level and decrease protein synthesis
  14. Mineralcorticoids
    • Source: Adrenal Cortex
    • Action: Increase water reabsorption in kidneys
  15. Epinephrine, Norepinephrine
    • Source: Adrenal Medulla
    • Action: Increases blood glucose level and heart rate
  16. Glucagon
    • Source: Pancreas
    • Action: Stimulates conversion of glycogen to glucose in the liver, increases blood glucose
  17. Insulin
    • Source: Pancreas
    • Action: Lowers blood glucose levels, increases glycogen stores
  18. Somatostatin
    • Source: Pancreas
    • Action: Suppresses secretion of glucagon and insulin
  19. Testoserone
    • Source: Testes
    • Action: Maintains male secondary sexual characteristics
  20. Estrogen
    • Source: Ovary/Placenta
    • Action: Maintains female secondary sexual characteristics
  21. Progesterone
    • Source: Ovary/Placenta
    • Action: Promotes growth/maintenance of endometrium
  22. Melatonin
    • Source: Pineal Gland
    • Action: unclear in humans
  23. Atrial natriuretic peptide
    • Source: Heart
    • Action: Involved in osmoregulation and vasodilation
  24. Thymosin
    • Source: Thymus
    • Action: Stimulates T- lymphocyte development

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