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Etiquette - How good is your email etiquette?
- The formal rules of correct or polite behaviour in society or among members of a particular profession
- ( Shishtachar )
Niche - He eventually found his niche in sports journalism.
Comfortable or suitable role, job, way of life, etc.
Poverty - There are millions living on incomes below the poverty line.
( Garibi )
Conservation - We must conserve the country's natural resources.
( Junya goshti jatan karane )
Liberal - Her parents are very liberal and allow her a lot of freedom.
( Udar, mothya manacha )
Fascinate - He met many fascinating people in the course of his travels.
To attract or interest somebody very much
Butler - The butler announced that dinner was served.
The main male servant in a large house
Oven - Take the cake out of the oven.
( Anna shijannyachi shegadi, batti )
Awful - I feel awful about forgetting her birthday.
( Aativaet, prachand, bhayanak )
Immense - There is still an immense amount of work to be done.
Very large or great
Congruent - Congruent triangles
- Having the same size and shape
- ( Rekrup, samrup )
Tale - His latest book is a delightful children’s tale about talking animals.
( Gosht )
Essense - His paintings capture the essence of france.
- The most important quality or feature of something, that makes it what it is
- ( Sar, multatv, ark )
Optimism - We may now look forward with optimism.
A feeling that good things will happen and that something will be successful
Aspire - He aspires to become a teacher.
( Mahatvkansha, utkat ichha )
Fair - A fair deal; i give you fair warning, i’m not always this generous.
- Acceptable and appropriate in a particular situation
- ( Pramanic, nyay )
Fair - She has fair skin.
( Gora, sundar )
Fair - A fair size.
- Quite large in number, size or amount
- ( Mothya pramanat, jatra, mela )
Affection - She has a great affection for her parents.
( 1. prem, aapulaki 2. vikar )
Besides - We give discount on tv, washing machines and much more besides (adv).
( Shivay )
Besides - She has no other vehicle besides (prep) her bicycle.
( Jodine, aanakhi kherij )
Being - This world of ours came into being long long age.
- ( 1. aasatitav 2. jivant prani 3. swabhav )
Trouble - Sorry to trouble you, but could you tell me the time ?
- ( 1. aadchan, gairsoy
- 2. kalaji, chinta )
- = Difficulty
Despite - He left the room despite repeated requests not to leave.
- ( Chi parva n karata )
- = In Spite Of
Competence - He gradually developed the competence to deal with the more difficult cases.
- The ability to do something well
- ( Kshamata )
- = Ability
Expedite - We have developed rapid order processing to expedite deliveries to customers.
- To speed up
- ( Kamala veg aanane )
Hasten - When she heard the baby crying, she hastened up the stairs.
- To move or act with speed
- ( Ghaene halchal/kruti karane )
- = Hurry, Rush
Reasonable - We sell good quality food at reasonable prices.
- ( Samjutdar, patnyasarakhe )
Reachable - He capital is reachable in less than an hour by plane.
( Pohochnyajoge )
Accumulate - Dust and dirt soon accumulate if a house is not cleaned regularly.
- To collect
- ( Gola karane )
- = Amass, Build Up, Gather
Accrue - The money was placed in a special account to accrue interest.
- To increase over a period of time
- = Accumulate
Accountable - Senior managers are directly accountable to the board of directors.
- Responsible for your decisions or actions and expected to explain them when you are asked
- ( Jababdar )
Objective - The main objective of this meeting is to give more information on our plans.
- Something that you are trying to achieve
- ( Hetu )
- = Goal
Take Over - Try not to let negative thoughts take over.
To become bigger or more important than something else; to replace something
Acquire - How long will it take to acquire the necessary skills?
To gain something by your own efforts, ability or behaviour
Acquire - The company has just acquired new premises.
To obtain something by buying or being given it
Deed - I took sarah's children to schoool so i have done my good deed for the day
Addendum - A supplement or appendix to a book; an appendix to a book.
- Section of extra information that is added to something especially to a book
- ( Puravani, parishisht )
Rectify - We must take steps to rectify the situation.
- To put right something that is wrong
- = Correct
Hostile - Hostile conditions for plants to grow in
( Virodhi )
Adjourn - The court adjourned for lunch. the chairman may adjourn the meeting at any time.
To stop meeting or an offical process for a period of time
Adjunct - The memory expansion cards are useful adjuncts to the computer.
A thing that is added or attached to sth larger or more important
Assistance - She offered me practical assistance with my research.
Help or support
Recommendation - The committee made recommendations to the board on teachers' pay and conditions.
An official suggestion about the best thing to do
Adverse - Adverse change/ adverse weather condition.
- lack of money will have an adverse effect on our research programme.
- Negative and unpleasant; not likey to produce a good result
Brief - (v) the officer briefed her on what to expect.
To give sb information about sth so that they are prepared to deal with it
Brief - Brief visit/meeing/ pause/silence
Brief - A brief desctiption/summar. please be brief (= say what you want to say quickly).
Using few words
Notify - Members have been notified that there will be a small increase in the fee.
- To formally or officially tell sb about sth
- = Inform
Notion - He has no notion of the difficulty of the problem.
An idea, an understanding of sth
Notoriety - He gained a certain notoriety as a gambler.
Fame for being bad in some way
Concern - Don’t interfere in what doesn't concern you.
To affect sb/sth; to involve sb/sth
Concern - The story concerns the prince's efforts to rescue prision.
To be about sth
Concern - He didn’t concern himself with the details.
To taka an interest in sth
Concern - She was concerned to write about situations that everybody could identify with.
To think it is important to do sth
Concern - It concerns me that you no longer seem to care.
To worry sb
Agenda - For the government, education is now at the top of the agenda (=most importanat).
A list of iteams to be discussed at a meeting
Determine - An inquiry was set up to determine the cause of the accident.
- To disconver the facts about sth; to calculate sth exactly
- = Establish
Determine - A date for the meeting has yet to be determined.
- To officially decide/arrange sth
- = Establish
Aggressive - He gets aggressive when he is drunk.
Angry, ready to attack
Firm - A firm of accountants
Business or company
Firm - This product claims to firm your body in 6 weeks.
To make sth become stronger or harder
Firm - Rank's shares firmed 3p to 696p.
Shares, prices to become steady or rise steadily
Firm - Firm bed/mattress
Not easy to press into different shape
Firm - No building can stand without firm foundations and neither can a marriage.
Strongly fixed in place
Firm - We have no firm evidence to support the case
Not likely to change
Pushy - Pushy salesman
Trying hard to get what you want, especially in a way that seems rude
Vigorous - Vigorous campaign against tax fraud
- Very active or full of energy
- = Energetic
Vigorous - Vigorous young man
Strong and healthy
Aid - Words will be displayed around the room to aid students with spelling.
- To help sb/sth to do sth, especially by making it easier
- = Assist
Alliance - An alliance between education and business to develop the use of technology in schools
An agreement between countries, political parties to work together in order to achieve sth that they all want; group of people who work together
Allot - I completed the test within the time allotted.
- how much money has been allotted to us ?
- To give time, money, tasks to sb/sth as a share of what is available
Apportion - They apportioned the land among memebers of the family.
To divide sth among people
Desire - We all desire health and happiness.
To want sth; to wish for sth
Aspiration - He has never had any aspiration to earn a lot of money.
A strong desire to have or to do sth
Amass - They amassed enough evidence to convict her.
- To collect something, especially in large quantities
- = Accumulate, Gather
Amend - He asked to see the amended version.
To change a law, document, statement, etc. slightly in order to correct a mistake or to improve it
Assessment - Detailed assessment of the risks involved
- Opinion or a judgement about somebody/something that has been thought about very carefully
- = Evaluation
Assessment - Tax assessment
Amount that has been calculated and that must be paid
Annul - Their marriage was annulled after just six months.
To state officially that something is no longer legally valid
Nullify - An unhealthy diet will nullify the effects of training.
- To make something lose its effect or power
- = Negate
Plea - He refused to listen to her tearful pleas.
Urgent emotional request
Appeal - He said he would appeal after being found guilty on four counts of murder.
To make a formal request
Appeal - The design has to appeal to all ages and social groups.
To attract or interest somebody
Appeal - To make a serious and urgent request
To make a serious and urgent request
Elect - She became the first black woman to be elected to the senate.
To choose somebody to do a particular job by voting for them
Elect - Increasing numbers of people elect to work from home nowadays.
To choose to do something
Appraise - Managers must appraise all staff.
To make a formal judgement about the value of a person’s work
Assess - It's difficult to assess the effects of these changes.
To make a judgement about the nature or quality of somebody/something
Assess - They have assessed the amount of compensation to be paid.
- To calculate the amount or value of something
- = Estimate
Seize - She tried to seize the gun from him.
- To take somebody/something in your hand suddenly and using force
- ( Kaydeshir taba karane, japt karane )
- = Capture, Conquer, Clutch, Grab
Seize - The army has seized control of the country.
To take control of a place or situation, often suddenly and violently
Consent - When she told them what she intended they readily consented.
- To agree to something or give your permission for something
- = Accept, Approve
Endorsement - The election victory is a clear endorsement of their policies.
Public statement or action showing that you support somebody/something
Gauge - He tried to gauge her mood.
To make a judgement about something, especially people’s feelings or attitudes
Gauge - We were able to gauge the strength of the wind from the movement of the trees.
To calculate something approximately
Assure - She's perfectly safe, i can assure you.
- To tell somebody that something is definitely true or is definitely going to happen
- = Guarantee
Definite - Can you give me a definite answer by tomorrow?
- Sure or certain; unlikely to change
- = Bound, Sure, Guaranteed
Fasten - Fasten your seatbelts, please.
- To close or join together the two parts of something; to become closed or joined together
- = Do Up
Fasten - Fasten the gates securely so that they do not blow open.
To close something firmly so that it will not open; to be closed in this way
Fasten - He fastened back the shutters.
To fix or place something in a particular position, so that it will not move
Sway - The branches were swaying in the wind.
To move slowly from side to side
Sway - She wasn't swayed by his good looks or his clever talk.
- To persuade somebody to believe something or do something
- = Influence
Contingency - We must consider all possible contingencies.
- Event that may or may not happen
- = Possibility
Rescue - You rescued me from an embarrassing situation.
- To save somebody/something from a dangerous or harmful situation
- = Redeem, Bail Out
Swell - Her arm was beginning to swell up where the bee had stung her.
To become bigger or rounder
Embargo - Embargo on arms sales to certain countries
- Official order that bans trade with another country
- = Boycott
Ban - Chemical weapons are banned internationally.
- To decide or say officially that something is not allowed
- = Prohibit
Obstacle - A lack of qualifications can be a major obstacle to finding a job.
- A situation, an event, etc. that makes it difficult for you to do or achieve something
- = Hindrance
Barrier - Lack of confidence is a psychological barrier to success.
A problem, rule or situation that prevents somebody from doing something, or that makes something impossible
Intrinsic - These tasks were repetitive, lengthy and lacking any intrinsic interest.
Belonging to or part of the real nature of something/somebody
Effort - You should put more effort into your work.
Physical or mental energy that you need to do something
Battle - Battle with an insurance company
- Competition, an argument or a struggle between people or groups of people trying to win power or control
- = Struggle, Drive, War, Fight
Outdo - Sometimes small firms can outdo big business when it comes to customer care.
- To do more or better than somebody else
- = Beat
Criticize - The government has been criticized for not taking the problem seriously.
- To say what you do not like or think is wrong about somebody/something
- <> Praise
Criticize - She has openly criticized the government.
To judge the good and bad qualities of something
Bespoke - Bespoke software
Making products specially, according to the needs of an individual customer
Gamble - It was wrong to gamble with our children's future.
To risk losing something in the hope of being successful
Accuse - She accused her brother of stealing money out of her room.
- To blame, to charge with the fault
- = Impeach, Criminate, Incriminate
Adapt - Things will be different and we will have to adapt.
- To change or alter so as to fit a different situation
- ( Aanukul hone )
- = Suit, Adjustment, Conform, Fit, Adjust, Accommodate, Alter
Admire - I admire john's courage.
- To look at with respect
- ( Kaituk karane )
- = Appreciate, Consider, Esteem, Honor, Regard, Respect, Value, Approve Of, Adore, Like, Love, Desire, Take To, Go For, Treasure, Worship
- <> Despise, Look Down On
Admire - I would admire to go.
- Like, desire
- ( Samman karane, shradha asane )
Amuse - He made faces to amuse her.
- Cause (someone) to find something funny
- ( Hasavane, manoranjan karane )
- = Entertain, Cheer, Delight, Charm
- <> Bore, Tire, Weary
Annoy - Please go away and stop annoying me.
- Irritate (someone), make (someone) a little angry or impatient
- ( Tras dene, chidavane )
- = Bother, Irritate, Trouble, Harass, Harry, Anger, Tease, Chafe, Disturb, Provoke
- <> Comfort, Calm
Crowd - I get nervous when i speak in front of large crowds.
- Number of persons or things gathered together
- ( (n) gardi
- (v) gardi karane )
- = Bunch, Gang, Crew
Lawn - They served afternoon tea on the lawn
- ( Gavata asalele maidan )
- = Backyard, Garden, Grass, Park, Yard
Pretext - He left the party early in the pretext of having work to do.
- An excuse, a false reason
- ( Khoti sabab, bahana )
- = Pretense, Excuse
Sake - They stayed married for the sake of their children.
- ( Hetu, udesh )
- = Purpose, Motive, Interest, Cause, Aim, Objective, Consideration
Nostalgia - Friends gather together just for the sake of nostalgia
- 1. homesickness
- ( 1. ghrachi odh
- 2. aapalya bhutkalatil goshti vishae/jivana vishae chi odh )
- = Remembrance, Homesickness, Regret, Longing
Though - She got the job, thought (conj) she had no experience. he will probably come, you never know though (adv).
- (conj) in spite of the fact that
- ( (conj) jari, aase asale tari
- (adv) taridekhil, tathapi )
- = Although, While, Even If, Despite The Fact That, Allowing, Granted, Even Though, Nevertheless, Still, However, Yet, Nonetheless
Radical - There is need for radical changes in education.
- Fundamental, concerning the most basic and important parts of something
- ( Payabhut, sampurn )
- = Base, Root, Entire, Complete, Drastic, Rigorous, Extreme, Fundamental, Basic, Essential, Native, Constitutional, Vital
Radical - Radical ideas, radical solution to the problem
- New, different and likely to have a great effect
- ( Purn navin )
Youthful - He looked at her eagerly, with youthful, questioning eyes.
- Typical of young people
- ( Tarunala sajesa, tarunyapurn )
Blossom - The trees are in blossom early this year.
( Fule )
Blossom - She was a fully blossomed beautifully charming woman.
( Fule yenyacha kal )
Blossom - Beautifully charming woman.
( Utkarshyacha kal, viksit zalela kal )
Charm - He's handsome and charming
- The power of pleasing or attracting people
- ( Bhural, mohit )
- = Magic Spell, Influence, Attraction, Magnetism, Spell, Magic
Charm - His speech charmed the audience.
- To please or attract somebody in order to make them like you
- ( Mohit karane )
Perhaps - Perhaps you will be selected
- ( Kadachit )
- = Maybe, Possibly
Strike - He struck his head against the wall.
- ( Aaghat, aapatane, chyavar aadalane )
- = Hit, Bang, Smash, Attack, Knock, Beat, Collide With, Fall Upon
Strike - The workers are striking for better wages.
( Samp karane )
Strike - It struck me that he was hiding something from me.
( Umange, manat yene )
Stare - I don't like people staring at me.
- To look fixedly
- ( Tak laun pahane, dole vatarun pahane )
Mild - A mild woman, who never shouted
- Clam, soft, gentle (person)
- ( Saimya, shant (vyakti) )
- <> Intense, Strong, Powerful, Violent, Harsh, Unpleasant, Unkind
Mild - Mild winter/climate
- Not very cold
- ( Saimya vatavaran )
Mild - Mild irritation/disapproval
- (of feelings) not great or extreme
- ( Kami kadak / fike saimya (chav/pey) )
Mild - Mild infection
( Ganbhir nasalela aajar )
Mild - Mild painkillers
( Haluvarpane parinam karnare )
Glance - 1. to take/have a glance (n) at the newspaper headlines
- 2. she glanced (v) at her watch.
- (n) a brief look, quick look
- (v) to look quickly at something/somebody
- ( (n) ozarata pahane, najarafek )
- = Glimpse, Scan
Recognize / Recognise - My friend couldn't recognize me.
- To known again
- ( Olakhane )
- = Greet, Realise
Bouquet - Manager send his secretary a bouquet of flowers on her birthday.
- Bunch of flowers
- ( Pushpguchha )
- = To Succeed, Flourish, Thrive
Prosper - She seems to be prospering since she moved out of contry.
- To be successful, especially in making money
- ( Bharbharat hone, unnati hone )
Revitalize / Revitalise - The holiday was to revitalize us and prepare us for the new year.
- ( Navin jom/shakati dene, nav chaitanya nirman karane )
- = Regenerate
Endorse / Indorse - The payee of the cheque must endorse it.
- To sign one's name on the back of
- ( Pathimaghe sahi karane )
- = Certify
Endorse / Indorse - I wonder how many celebrities actually use the products they endorse.
- To sign one's name on the back of
- ( Manyata dene, samatti dene )
Mingle - I mingled and talked with many people at the party.
Bother - Nearly 5% of the voters didn't bother to vote.
- To worry, to pester
- ( (v) tras dene, (n) 1. tras 2. kalagi )
- = Hassle, Trouble, Infliction, Annoyance, Pain, Inconvenience, Irritate
Throughout - Throughout the day
- Through the whole of
- ( (prep) suruvatipasun shevat paryant
- (adv) sarvatra, sarv babtit )
Through / Thro / Thru - The bus went through the tunnel.
( Aarpar, madhun )
Through / Thro / Thru - She was silent all through the dinner.
( Chya shevat paryant )
Through / Thro / Thru - We shall be in pune tuesday through saturday.
( Chya pasun…chya paryant )
Through / Thro / Thru - He worked right through.
- sit through the long speech.
- ( Pahilya pasun shevat paryant )
Through / Thro / Thru - Electricity passing through wires.
( Eka tokapasun dusrya toka paryant )
Through / Thro / Thru - Are you through with this book ?
( Sampalele )
Clip - I clipped some articles out of the newspaper.
- ( Chimata, kapane, thppad marane, kes kapane )
- = Snip, Trim
Mischef - The child has a lot of mischef in it.
( Khoti, cheshta )
Mischef - We stopped the child from getting into mischief.
( Khatyalpana )
Shrewd - The fact is he was a natural musician and also a shrewd businessman, as we shall see.
- ( Chatur, shahana )
- = Sharp, Astute
Shrewd - The thief seized the woman's purse
( Jaga, vastu hiskaun ghene, jabardastine taba ghene )
Shrewd - He seized hold of my hand
( Pakadane )
Shrewd - To seize an opportunity
( Cha labh ghene )
Shrewd - To sieze an idea / a plan
( Lahech lakshat ghene )
Spark - Spark of light, electrical spark
- ( Thinagi, chamak )
- = Flicker, Glint, Twinkle, Trip, Trigger
Spark - Spark of cleaverness
( Budhichi chamak )
Spark - Not spark of truth/hope
( Ansh )
Spark - He lacks creative spark
( Ussah )
Blush - Tom blushed when he saw mary naked.
- Shyness, to redden
- ( Lajane, laj )
Gesture - 1. he made an angry gesture (n). 2. he gestured (v) the boy to be quiet.
( Bhavana vyakt karnyashathi hatvare, havbhav karane )
Seem - This game seems interesting.
- To appear to be
- ( Disane, vatane )
- = Apperar, Look
Spare - Take my money but spare my life.
( Vachavane )
Spare - Can you spare me a few dollars ?
( Vel, paise dusaryasathi bajula kadhane )
Spare - Spare tyre
( Jada )
Spare - Spare figure
( (vyakati) barik )
Spare - Spare meal
( Alp, apure (jevan) )
Spare - Don't worry about the key, i have a spare.
( Jada, suta bhag )
Affair - None of your affair
- Concern, event
- ( 1. kam 2. bab, ghatana 3. lafade )
- = Matter, Thing, Intimacy, Involvement
Affair - A strange affair
( Bab, ghotala, mamala )
Affair - Love affair
( Lafade )
Affect - The tragic story affected me deeply.
- ( Parinam karane )
- = Impact, Bear On, Involve, Pretend, Dissemble
Affect - Affect ignorance
( Dhong karane )
Afraid - He is afraid of the dog.
- ( 1. ghabarnara, bhayabhit 2. ekhadi goshat karayla nakhush )
- <> Fearless, Unfraid
Afterwards / Afterward - At first i was not sure which one i wanted, but afterwards i decided on this red one.
- Succeeding time
- ( Nantar )
- = Later, Subsequently
Against - A ladder against a wall
- ( Chya var, la tekun )
- = Contrast To, Contrary To, Defense From, Resistance To, Opposed To, Opposition To
Against - Swim against the current
( Chya virusha dishene )
Against - Evidence against him
( La pratikul )
Against - To save money against a rainy day
( Chya virudh tartud mahnun )
Age - I have been waiting for ages.
- ( 1. vay 2. yug, kalkhand 3. utarvay 4. far motha kal 5. mhatara hone )
- = Eld, Historical Period
Ahead - He walked ahead of us.
- In front, forward
- ( Pudhe, aaghadila )
- = Leading, In The Lead, In Front, Forward, Onwards, Beforehand, In Advance
Along - Along the road
( Bajune (eka tokapasun dusrya tokaparyant )
Along - A path along the river
( Khetun, lagun )
Along - Come along
( Barobar, pudhe )
Along - He had brought some friends along.
( Chya sobat )
Although - Although the sun was shining, it wasn't very warm.
- Even if, though
- ( 1. jari, adyapi 2. jari…tari )
- = In Spite Of, Even Though
Ankle - Ankle boots (that cover the ankle)
( Payacha ghota )
Anxiety - 1. children feel a lot of anxiety about their examinations.
- ( 1. chita, kalagi, aasvastata 2. aaturata, ussukata )
- = Worry
Apart - The two shops are 2 metres apart
- Aside (of position)
- ( 1. eka bajula, aalag 2. vilag, sute 3. dur )
- = Isolated, Obscure, Aside
Rival - When it comes to good quality wine, no country can rival france.
- ( (n) pratispardhi
- (adj) dusarya peksha varchadh honyacha prayatn karane
- (v) shi spardha karane, barobari karane )
- = Challenger, Competitor, Contender
Arrive - They arrived home last night.
- ( 1. yeun pohochne 2. (mahatvacha kshan) yene 3. (balak) janmala yene 4. yash milavane )
- = Come, Get,
- <> Leave, Go Away, Go Forth
As - I met john as i was coming home
- When, while
- ( Jenva, jasajasa )
As - As i am leaving tomoorrow, i have bought you a present.
As - If you are not sure how to behave, do as i do
- In the same way
- ( Tyapramane )
As - Much as i want to, i cannnot go.
As - He cried as a baby.
( Pramane )
As - He worked as a secretary.
( Ya natyane )
As - Dressed as a policeman.
( Ekhadya pramane, sarakha )
Dizzy - Climing to high made me feel dizzy.
- ( Chakkar aalya sarkh vatane, aswast )
- = Giddy
Sympathy - When her husband died, she received many letters of sympathy.
( Sahanubhuti, samarthan, pathimba )
Epidemic - Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in this country.
- Spreading rapidly
- ( Sarvatra pasarlela, sathicha rog )
Offend - If you don't go to her party she will be offended.
- To be unpleasant or disagreeable, to make feel upset or angry
- ( Che man dukhavane, cha apman karane )
- <> Ecdemic
Fork - 1. we usually eat with a knife, fork and spoon. 2. take the left fork of the road.
- Divide into branches
- ( Vegale hone )
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