Blood

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Author:
Marine
ID:
309908
Filename:
Blood
Updated:
2015-10-20 16:37:20
Tags:
PathPhys Pathophysiology
Folders:
PathPhys
Description:
Blood test
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  1. Polyglobulia 
    a) is a presence of abnormal globulins in plasma
    b) is a higher number of red blood cells
    c) is an increase count of all formed elements in peripheral blood
    d) occurs in smokers
    • b) is a higher number of red blood cells
    • d) occurs in smokers
  2. Hyperviscous syndrome 
    a) slows down the blood flow 
    b) is characterized by murmurs 
    c) is accompanied with cyanosis 
    d) can result in heart failure
    • a) slows down the blood flow
    • d) can result in heart failure
  3. Transport capacity of blood for oxygen is impaired in
    a) methemoglobinemia
    b) CO intoxications 
    c) anemias
    d) polycythemias
    • a) methemoglobinemia
    • b) CO intoxications 
    • c) anemias
  4. Chronic bleeding
    a) is associated with severe hypotension
    b) causes macrocytar anemia
    c) the most frequent reason is a rupture of peptic ulcer
    d) can be detected by Faecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)
    • c) the most frequent reason is a rupture of peptic ulcer
    • d) can be detected by Faecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)
  5. Anemia in chronic renal failure results from
    a) absence of Fe
    b) ineffective erythropoesis
    c) lack of erythropoetin 
    d) hemodialysis
    • c) lack of erythropoetin 
    • d) hemodialysis
  6. Anemia results in
    A) dyspnea
    B) decrease in arterial pO2
    C) decreased blood viscosity
    D) decrease in cardiac output
    A) dyspnea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Hb concentration decreases in
    a) sideropenic anemia
    b) posthemorrhagic anemia
    c) pernicious anemia
    • a) sideropenic anemia
    • b) posthemorrhagic anemia - chronic only
  8. Chronic posthemorrhagic anemia is
    A) hypochromic, microcytic
    B) hypochromic, macrocytic
    C) normochromic, normocytic
    A) hypochromic, microcytic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Pernicious anemia is
    a) uniquely disease of blood
    b) also disease of gastrointestinal tract
    c) also disease of nervous system
    d) combined often with liver cirrhosis
    • b) also disease of gastrointestinal tract
    • c) also disease of nervous system
  10. Hemoglobinopathies include
    a) thalassemia
    b) sickle cell anemia
    c) pancytopenia
    d) trombocytopenia
    e) some hemolytic anemias
    • a) thalassemia
    • b) sickle cell anemia
    • e) some hemolytic anemias
  11. Sedimentation rate is affected by
    a) plasmatic creatin concentration
    b) dysproteinemia
    c) hematocrit
    d) plasmatic concentration of lipoproteins
    • b) dysproteinemia
    • c) hematocrit
  12. Hematocrit
    a) determinates the circulatory volume
    b) is unchanged immediately after the acute bleeding
    c) affects the blood viscosity
    d) is increased during extended time living at a high altitude
    • b) is unchanged immediately after the acute bleeding
    • c) affects the blood viscosity
    • d) is increased during extended time living at a high altitude
  13. Deficiency of factor VIII induces
    A) activation of fibrinolysis
    B) hemofilia C
    C) hemofilia B
    D) hemofilia A
    D) hemofilia A
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Duke’s method
    A) measures the bleeding time
    B) tests the primary hemostasis
    C) measures the capillary fragility
    D) determinates the clotting time of blood
    A) measures the bleeding time
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Antithrombotic effects have
    a) activators of fibrinolysis
    b) inhibitors of fibrinolysis
    c) clotting factor VIII
    d) some prostacyclines
    • a) activators of fibrinolysis
    • d) some prostacyclines
  16. Factor V Leiden
    a) is an inherited disorder of blood clotting
    b) causes the decrease of the inhibition in the coagulation cascade
    c) is manifested only in women
    d) is the most frequently blood clotting disorder in euro-americans
    • a) is an inherited disorder of blood clotting
    • b) causes the decrease of the inhibition in the coagulation cascade
    • d) is the most frequently blood clotting disorder in euro-americans
  17. DIC
    a) is started by the clotting factors consumption
    b) is the synonym of the consumption coagulopathy
    c) impairs the patients through the multiorgan failure
    d) is induced by the release of the tissue factor III
    • a) is started by the clotting factors consumption
    • b) is the synonym of the consumption coagulopathy
    • c) impairs the patients through the multiorgan failure
  18. Choose the correct answer
    A) Quick test detects hemophilia A
    B) INR is used in anticoagulant therapy monitoring
    C) PTT is increased in thromboses
    D) Quick test is decreased in vitamin K hypovitaminosis
    B) INR is used in anticoagulant therapy monitoring
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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