Pharmacology Test 2- Betsy

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Author:
hansen419
ID:
309939
Filename:
Pharmacology Test 2- Betsy
Updated:
2015-10-21 00:17:17
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pharmacology
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Flash cards for exam #2
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  1. Guanfacine- what type of drug?
    Centrally acting sympathetic neuronal blocker
  2. Guanabenz- what type of drug?
    Centrally acting sympathetic neuronal blocker
  3. Clonidine- what type of drug?
    Centrally acting sympathetic neuronal blocker
  4. Methyldopa- what type of drug?
    Centrally acting sympathetic neuronal blocker
  5. Guanethidine- what type of drug?
    Peripherally acting sympathetic neuronal blocker
  6. Reserpine- what type of drug?
    Peripherally acting sympathetic neuronal blocker
  7. Silodosin- what type of drug?
    Alpha 1 blocker
  8. Alfuzosin- what type of drug?
    Alpha 1 blocker
  9. Tamsulosin- what type of drug?
    Alpha 1 blocker
  10. Doxazosin- what type of drug?
    Alpha 1 blocker
  11. Terazosin- what type of drug?
    Alpha 1 blocker
  12. Prazosin- what type of drug?
    Alpha 1 blocker
  13. Phentolamine- what type of drug?
    Non-selective alpha blocker
  14. Phenoxybenzamine- what type of drug?
    Non-selective alpha blocker
  15. Timolol- what type of drug?
    Beta 1 and 2 blocker
  16. Propranolol- what type of drug?
    Beta 1 and 2 blocker
  17. Pindolol- whaty type of drug?
    Beta 1 and 2 blocker
  18. Nadolol- what type of drug?
    Beta 1 and 2 blocker
  19. Metoprolol- what type of drug?
    Beta 1 blocker
  20. Esmolol- what type of drug?
    Beta 1 blocker
  21. Atenolol- what type of drug?
    Beta 1 blocker
  22. Acebutolol- what type of drug?
    Beta 1 blocker
  23. Pseudoephedrine/Ephedrine- what type of drug?
    Indirect acting sympathomimetic
  24. Cocaine-what type of drug?
    Indirect acting sympathomimetic
  25. Midodrine- what type of drug?
    Selective alpha-1 agonist
  26. Phenylephrine- what type of drug?
    Selective alpha-1 agonist
  27. Mirabegron- what type of drug?
    Selective beta-3 agonist
  28. Terbutaline- what type of drug?
    Selective beta-2 agonist
  29. Salmeterol- what type of drug?
    Selective beta-2 agonist
  30. Pirbuterol- what type of drug?
    Selective beta-2 agonist
  31. Metaproterenol- what type of drug?
    Selective Beta-2 agonist
  32. Albuterol- what type of drug?
    Selective beta-2 agonist
  33. Dobutamine- what type of drug?
    Selective Beta-1 agonist
  34. Dopamine- what type of drug?
    Direct acting sympathomimetic
  35. Isoproterenol- what type of drug?
    Direct acting sympathomimetic
  36. Norepinephrine- what type of drug?
    Direct acting sympathomimetics
  37. Epinephrine- what type of drug?
    Direct acting sympathomimetic
  38. Which drugs ca reverse the effects of neuromuscular blockers?
    Neostigmine, pyridostigmine (cholinesterase inhibitors)
  39. Succinylcholine- what type of drug?
    Depolarizing neuromuscular blocker
  40. Atracurium- what type of drug?
    Competitive/Nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocker
  41. Pancuronium- what type of drug?
    Competitive/Nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocker
  42. What is Tropicamide commonly used for?
    Dilate pupil for ophthalmologic exams
  43. What are Tolterodine, Oxbutynin, and Solifenacin commonly used for?
    Treatment of urinary incontinence due to overactive bladder
  44. What are Benztropine and Trihexyphenidyl commonly used for?
    Treatment of Parkinson's and drug-induced Parknisonism
  45. What are Ipratropium, Tiatropium, and Aclidinum commonly used for?
    Treatment of asthma and COPD
  46. What is glycopyrrolate commonly used for?
    Preop medication to dry respiratory secretions and inhibit vagal reflexes
  47. What is propantheline commonly used for?
    Intestinal antispasmodic for the treatment of IBS
  48. What is dicyclomine commonly used for?
    Intestinal antispasmodic for the treatment of IBS
  49. What is scopolamine commonly used for?
    Prevention of motion-sickness and vertigo
  50. What are the effects of atropine in the sweat glands?
    Inhibits sweating and causes a rise in body temp
  51. What are the main effects of atropine in the eye?
    Mydriasis, cycloplegia, and increased intraocular pressure
  52. What are the main effects of atropine in the heart?
    Tachycardia (although initially causes transient bradycardia), slight increase in CO
  53. How do you treat an acute poisoning with an antimuscarinic drug?
    • -Administration of physostigmine (or other cholinesterase inhibitors)¬†
    • -Benzodiazepines (for seizures)
    • -Ice bath
    • -Keep pt in dark, quiet room
  54. What are the contraindications of the antimuscarinic drugs?
    • -Glaucoma
    • -Prostatic hypertrophy¬†
    • -Cardiovascular instability
    • -Severe ulcerative colitis
  55. What are the common side effects of the antimuscarinic drugs?
    • -Dry mouth
    • -Dry, hot skin
    • -Constipation, urine retention
    • -Visual disturbances, blurred vision, photophobia
    • -CNS effects
  56. Tropicamide- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  57. Solifenacin- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  58. Oxybutynin- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  59. Tolterodine- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  60. Trihexyphenidyl- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  61. Benztropine- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  62. Tiatropium- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  63. Ipratropium- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  64. Glycopyrrolate- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  65. Propantheline- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  66. Dicyclomine- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  67. Scopolamine- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  68. Atropine- what type of drug?
    Antimuscarinic
  69. What are the medical uses of botulinium toxin?
    Neuromuscular blocker for treatment of: opthamology disorders, wrinkles, dystonia, excessive sweating, overactive bladder
  70. What is the mechanism of action for Botulinium toxin?
    Prevents the release of acetylcholine from nerve endings
  71. What are some of the side effects of Sildenafil/Vardenafil/Tadalafil?
    • -Hypotension with reflex increase in HR
    • -Visual disturbances
    • -Auditory disturbances
  72. Sildenafil, Vardenafil, and Tadalafil are which type of drug?
    cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE-5) inhibitors

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